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Full text of "Eckerd College General Catalog 1988-90"

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^l^^^h 1988-90 


The Trumpet Triton shell, Charonia tritonis 
Linne, is a fitting symbol for the waterfront 
home of the Eckerd College Tritons 


Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors .... 25 
Autumn Term and Winter Term .... 92 

Campus and Student Life 93 

Admission 98 

Financial Aid 101 

Expenses 109 

Faculty 114 

Administration 117 

Board of Trustees 118 

Index 120 

Calendar of Events 122 

Correspondence Directory 127 


Eckerd College, a coeducational college of the 
liberal arts and sciences, awards the Bachelor 
of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. It is 
related by covenant to the Presbyterian Church 
(U.S.A.), and fully accredited by the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools. The cam- 
pus is located on 267 acres of tropical water- 
front property in a suburban area of St. 
Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida 
Presbyterian College, and admitted its first 
students in 1960. In 1972 the college's name 
was changed to honor Jack M. Eckerd, a prom- 
inent Florida civic leader and business man 
whose gifts and commitments to the institution 
have helped to insure its continuing excellence. 
More than 4,000 graduates are seeking to lead 
Lives of leadership and service in communities 
throughout the world. 


This catalog is designed to give a comprehen- 
sive picture of Eckerd College. We are proud 
of what we have achieved, and welcome the 
reader to join us in an exciting and continuing 
educational adventure. As you read this doc- 
ument, you should be aware of certain basic 
commitments that have guided the college's 
history and planning. These commitments 
and the efforts to achieve them have enabled 
Eckerd College to be distinctive among the 
3,000 colleges and universities in the United 


The primary purpose of the educational pro- 
gram is to foster the personal development of 
each student. We seek to prepare students for 
the basic responsibilities of life, and especially 
for competent, humane leadership and ser- 
vice. We are vitally concerned with the de- 
velopment of whole persons, and therefore 
encourage the intellectual, spiritual, cultural, 
social, emotional and physical growth of each 
student. While education is a lifelong process, 
the Eckerd experience is designed to assist 
students to go beyond the limitations imposed 
by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, self- 
centeredness, and irresponsibility. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct; and to spark their imag- 
ination about future possibilities. 


Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type of 
college. To give focus to its Christian com- 
mitment, the college maintains an active cov- 
enant relationship with the Presbyterian 
Church, (U.S.A.); however, the college com- 
munity is not narrowly sectarian. It includes 
among its faculty, students and staff individ- 
uals of many denominations, faiths and points 
of view. 

As a church-related college community, we 
seek to give the Christian faith a full hearing in 
a setting where students are free to accept or 
reject, but not ignore it. Confident in the behef 
that all truth is of God, we seek to develop an 

atmosphere of free and open inquiry into all 
aspects of faith and knowledge. Our aim is to 
assist students to clarify their beliefs, assess 
their values, and learn to act responsibly on 
the basis of their convictions. 


The relatively small size of the E ckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and 
faculty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty 
academic adviser, known as a "Mentor," who 
seeks to facilitate the total growth of students 
and helps them to get the most out of their 
college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the pri- 
mary importance of teaching, it has developed 
a reputation for excellence in the teaching of 
undergraduates. Many Eckerd College faculty 
members are engaged in primary scholarship 
and artistic creativity and wherever possible 
seek to involve students in these enterprises. 
The intention of the faculty is to provide an 
educational environment characterized by high 
expectation, personal attention and enthusi- 
asm for learning. 


While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field 
of study, it is equally committed to general 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore 
various perspectives on the central concerns 
of human existence, assume increased respon- 
sibility for their own growth, and master the 
skills that are necessary to understand and 
deal with a rapidly changing and increasingly 
complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of the autumn term pro- 
ject, composition, computation, foreign lan- 
guage, and the Western Heritage sequence in 
the first year; one course in each of four value- 
oriented perspectives in the second and third 
year; and a course in the Judaeo-Christian 
perspective and an integrating issue-oriented 
seminar in the Senior year. 


The commitment to individual development 
includes a commitment to helping students pre- 
pare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty formal majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary 
for successful careers. In addition, through 
independent study and individually designed 
areas of concentration, students are encour- 
aged to supplement and adapt the formal 
curriculum to their particular interests and 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, 
jobs, and other off-campus learning experi- 
ences both in this country and abroad enable 
students to integrate theory and practice, and 
help them to clarify their values and career 
choices. Because they are committed to a par- 
ticipatory educational process, faculty engage 
students in the learning of science, theatre, 
management and other disciplines by doing. 

The aim is to assist each student to become a 
self-directed, competent, humane person cap- 
able of making a significant contribution to 


There is a rich diversity among Eckerd Col- 
lege students which is educationally desirable. 
Students come to campus from more than 40 
states and 30 foreign countries. They enroll 
from urban, suburban and rural areas; from 
developed and developing countries; and from 
a variety of cultural, ethnic and religious back- 
grounds. The cosmopolitan nature of the 
Eckerd campus enriches the total educational 
experience as students learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of com- 
munity based upon common objectives, con- 
cerns and experiences. Academic interests 
provide the basis for a sense of community, 
which is enhanced by worship, student activ- 
ities, athletic events, concerts, lectures and 
other opportunities for shared experiences. 
Because most students reside on campus, they 
have the enriched experiences that occur when 
people are learning both how to learn and how 
to live together. 


Eckerd College is nationally knovm for pio- 
neering new programs designed to deal directly 
with the varying needs of college students. It 

has shown the will to improve education, and 
the vision and courage to take steps that will 
facilitate the growth of students. Many of its 
programs of interdisciplinary study, indepen- 
dent study, international education, values 
inquiry, and student orientation and advising 
have become models for other educational 
institutions. Within the context of its objectives 
as a church-related college of the liberal arts 
and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
of meeting its commitments. 


Every student upon entering Eckerd College 
is asked to sign a promise to uphold the follow- 
ing statement of Shared Commitment: 

The choice to join the community of scholars 
of Eckerd College commits each student to 
the essential values and standards embodied 
in the mission and objectives of this church- 
related college of liberal arts and sciences. 
Inherent in this commitment is the respon- 

1. To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 

2 . To exercise humanity and respect for human 
dignity in attitudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity and re- 
sponsibility in academic work and as a citizen 
of the college community. 

4. To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quahty. 

6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities for leadership 
and service in preparation for a life of com- 
petent giving. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals 
obligates that student to abide by and uphold 
all college regulations concerning student 
behavior and to work with other students to 
prevent the following behaviors, which most 
seriously threaten the freedom and respect 
that Eckerd students enjoy: 

1. Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3. Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Disruptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment of ex- 
cellence and humanity and to the creation of a 
college community in which they can take 


Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been 
consistently rated among the foremost of 
American colleges and universities. 

The college looks for superior methods of 
educating its students, not in order to be dif- 
ferent, but to offer a more rewarding and useful 
educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across 
such expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "mini- 
term," "interim," or "winter term." (All of them 
mean essentially the same thing: separating 
the two terms of an academic year with a one- 
month period of independent study.) The winter 
term is an Eckerd College concept. This in- 
novation was created and tested first on the 
Eckerd College campus; then other colleges 
found it so exciting that they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best 
way of providing you with an understanding of 
the Eckerd experience is to take you on a 
"verbal tour" of the academic program. 


Shortly after you have been accepted as an 
Eckerd student, you will receive material about 
selection of a Mentor. The original Mentor was 
the guide and companion of Odysseus. As you 
are, in a sense, embarking on your odyssey, it is 
fitting that you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will 
have continuing support and counsel from a 
faculty Mentor, who is more than the conven- 
tional faculty adviser. Mentors are faculty 
members who have been specially trained to 
help you in your academic program, career 
planning, and personal growth. You choose 
your own Mentor before you enter Eckerd, 
from a descriptive list of Mentors and projects. 
In your Freshman year you will take at least 
one course from your Mentor, and together 
you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you 
may choose a new Mentor — a specialist in 
your area of academic concentration. The two 
of you will continue to plan your academic 

program, including independent and directed 
studies, internships, off-campus programs, 
work experience, career planning, foreign study, 
and the many other options that Eckerd offers. 


Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 cal- 
endar. The fall and spring semesters are fourteen 
weeks in length, and are each followed by 
examination periods. Courses during the sem- 
ester are offered for the full fourteen weeks, 
and ordinarily a full-time student will enroll 
for four of these courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen 
occurs prior to the beginning of the fall semester, 
while the four week winter term (January) falls 
between the two regular semesters. During 
these shorter terms, students will enroll for no 
more than one academic project at a time. This 
format provides for independent investigation 
of a topic in a concentrated manner. 


As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd 
College experience in mid-August, when you 
enroll for autumn term. In contrast to the usual 
Freshman orientation of two or three days, 
autumn term lasts three weeks. It is designed 
for Freshmen only, and provides an intensive 
foretaste of college living and academic work 

During autumn term you wdU take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This 
project is stimulating in content, teaches basic 
academic skills, and focuses on the interdis- 
ciplinary nature of learning. The course will 
give you a clear idea of what is expected of you 
at Eckerd. Autumn term provides an excellent 
opportunity for certain kinds of interest and 
competency testing that will allow you to begin 
your academic program in courses that are 
best suited to your current stage of develop- 

You will also learn a great deal about living, 
working and playing in a college community. 
The student Resident Adviser in your residence 
hall will be on hand during autumn term to 
help you make the transition into college life. 
In fact, the entire staff of the college and the 
autumn term faculty will participate wath you 
in periods of inquiry, reflection and fun. The 

sense of community that develops will assist 
you to take full advantage of the opportunities 
and resources available on campus. By the 
time the upperclass students return in Sep- 
tember, you will be well established in campus 

For more information about autumn term see 
page 91. 


An important part of your studies throughout 
your career at Eckerd College will be in general 

During your Freshman year you will take two 
classwide interdiscipHnary courses called 
Western Heritage I and II that will explore the 
cultural riches of the past. Your discussion 
sections in these courses will be led by your 
Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate writing competency by assembling 
a portfolio of your collegiate writing for evalu- 
ation by the faculty; take one college level 
computation course or demonstrate compe- 
tency by examination; and take one year of a 
foreign language or demonstrate competency 
at the first year level by examination. 

During your Sophomore and Junior years you 
will choose four courses, one from a list of 
options in each of four broad perspectives on 
human existence:the aesthetic, cross-cultural, 
environmental and social relations. The courses 
will be distributed over four collegia so as to 
provide involvement with significantly different 
modes of inquiry. 

Seniors will take a course that will focus on 
historical and contemporary issues from the 
Judaeo- Christian perspective, and a senior 
seminar focusing on the search for solutions to 
important issues that they are likely to face 
during their lifetimes. 


Winter term is a special four-week period in 
January that emphasizes independent study. 
You may enroll in projects designed by pro- 
fessors, or design your own with the sponsorship 
of a professor. 

All winter term projects must have academic 
merit and are judged by rigorous standards. A 
typical project requires you to select a subject, 
gather information, organize it, and present it 
as a paper, a short story, a painting, a perfor- 
mance, or a piece of equipment. Freshmen 
may take a winter term in addition to autumn 
term, and substitute a fifth winter term for one 

of the 32 courses required for graduation. The 
winter term in the Senior year is usually spent 
working on a comprehensive examination or 
senior thesis or project required for completion 
of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, 
making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4-1-4 col- 
leges in sponsoring winter term projects abroad 
or in major cities and interesting locations in 
the United States. Many winter term projects 
include at least eight contact hours per week, 
which meets the Veteran's Administration stan- 
dards for full tuition benefits. 

For more information about winter term see 
page 91. 


During the past few years, educators have be- 
come aware that the traditional division of 
learning into academic "departments" is not 
necessarily the best way to organize the edu- 
cational process. Increasingly popular among 
colleges is the interdisciplinary major, in which 
the student combines courses from two or 
more departments to form an individual aca- 
demic program. At Eckerd, we have estabUshed 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage 
new combinations of studies and demonstrate 
the interrelatedness of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval 
days, when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; 
persons communicating without artificial 
obstacles to discourse) pursuing a common 
objective (which in Eckerd's case is learning). 
The word vividly describes what we are trying 
to do: to bring you (the student) together with 
a highly knowledgeable person (the professor) 
in an atmosphere where you can debate freely, 
challenge one another's viewpoints, learn to- 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according 
to the intellectual discipline required to master 
them. You learn mathematics and physics in 
similar ways, for example; but you learn dance 
differently, and a foreign language in still another 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate 
with a particular collegium, depending upon 
their approach to their subject. You will do the 
same. At the end of your Freshman year you 
will focus upon a major or area of concentration 
and affiliate with the collegium that best suits 
your perception of that study. 

Your concentration does not have to lie in a 
single field, such as history or biology. You can 
create your own concentration by combining 
those studies that will help you achieve your 
career or professional goal. For example, if you 
wish to become an environmental economist, 
you can combine economics and biology, thus 
creating your own concentration to fit your 
own goal. The collegium concept makes this 
interdisciplinary approach to learning a natural 
one that is easy to accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — 
students and faculty alike — as partners in 
learning. Professors bring high expectation to 
the learning process; students are expected to 
become independent learners and researchers, 
able to take maximum advantage of their pro- 
fessors' strong qualifications. Each collegium 
has its own decision-making group, composed 
of professors and students, which gives stu- 
dents an important voice in the academic 
decisions of the college. 


Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps 
unique, program for all Freshmen through the 
Foundations Collegium. This is the first-year 
home for students, helping them to establish a 
foundation for their upper-level studies. The 
collegium's program includes four important 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid- 
August to take a three-week course before the 
opening of the fall semester early in September. 

During this time, they also complete their testing, 
orientation, and registration. Freshmen choose 
from 18 projects limited to about 20 students 
each. The professor for that course will be the 
Mentor for those students. 

2. The Mentorship. Eckerd College has ex- 
panded the notion of the academic adviser to 
allow more help, care, and encouragement to 
its students. Each Freshman has a Mentor 
from the faculty who helps to guide him or her 
through the Freshman year. 

3. Western Heritage. All freshmen are re- 
quired to take Western Heritage I (fall) and 
Western Heritage II (spring). These courses 
explore central concepts and materials of 
Western civilization and introduce Freshmen 
to the themes of Eckerd College's general ed- 
ucation program, the aesthetic, cross-cultural, 
environmental, and social relations perspectives. 
Western Heritage courses are interdisciplinary, 
using lecture and discussion formats. The dis- 
cussion sections are the same groups, with the 
same instructor, as the autumn term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must 
demonstrate proficiency, or take courses to 
develop skills, in composition, computation 
and foreign language. For more details see 
page 14 under Degree Requirements, and under 
Composition in the course listings. Foundations 
also provides a Writing Center to assist stu- 
dents with their writing. 

At the end of the Freshman year, students 
choose an upper-level collegium and a new 
Mentor; any students still unsure of what to 
choose can get help from the Foundations office 
and/or Career Counseling. 



Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — 
racism, environmental pollution, overpopula- 
tion, world hunger and crime — are problems 
of human behavior. Therefore, there is much 
to be gained by developing methodological 
and conceptual tools to better understand both 
individual and collective behavior. Students 
will take introductory courses in psychology or 
sociology as well as a course in statistical 
methods. In addition, courses are available in 
the fields of economics, sociology, psychology, 
management, poUtical science, business admin- 
istration, finance, accounting and marketing. 


The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks 
to promote an understanding of the breadth of 
human cultural achievements through lan- 
guages, area studies, and related disciplines. 
The Collegium serves as both a window and a 
gateway to the cultures of the world: a window 
for those who learn in the classroom from pro- 
fessors who have lived and studied in other 
cultures; a gateway for those who wish to visit 
these cultures after preparatory study on cam- 
pus. Language study in French, German, Italian, 
Japanese, Spanish, or Russian can be integrated 
into a major program, an interdisciplinary con- 
centration with another discipline (such as 
management, political science, or comparative 
literature), or it may simply serve to round out 
a student's liberal arts program. Some students 
prefer to plan their studies around a particular 
area of the world. In such cases, the Inter- 
national Education office gives assistance in 
planning appropriate study-abroad experiences. 
Comparative Cultures graduates have chosen 
careers in teaching, interpreting, foreign ser- 
vice, religious vocations or international busi- 

is given high priority. The Collegium has a 
human development section composed of 
psychology, human resources, leisure and re- 
creation, and education. Also included are 
programs of art, music, theatre, and the writing 
workshop. Students will be encouraged to de- 
sign interdisciplinary majors, to undertake 
independent work, to apply knowledge in the 
community, and to make education exciting 
and enjoyable. 


The Collegium of Letters is composed of stu- 
dents and faculty who have in common an 
interest in human beings, past and present — 
their history, literary and artistic products, 
reUgious commitments, political involvements, 
and philosophical groupings. The study of who 
we are by looking at what we are doing and the 
works and institutions created by our prede- 
cessors provides the relevance, vitality, and 
excitement of our program. This humane in- 
terest has value in and of itself. In addition, it 
provides a fundamental background for a wide 
variety of futures — vocational or through 
professional and graduate schools — as the 
experience of our graduates attests. 


The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings to- 
gether biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, computer 
scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and 
those interested in the health professions, in- 
cluding medicine, veterinary medicine, den- 
tistry and medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, ex- 
perimental design, problem-solving, research 
and the study of the principles and concepts 
that are necessary to successful scientific in- 
vestigation. The programs in the natural sci- 
ences are geared to provide students with 
information and techniques that can be applied 
to the problems of a changing society. 


The Creative Arts Collegium is dedicated to 
assisting the development of the creative nature 
in each person. Freedom with responsibility is 
found to be vital in the creative person and this 



Both to express and to implement the breadth 
of the college's educational mission, there are 
three co-curricular areas in which each student 
is expected to participate in significant ways 
during the undergraduate years: service, ca- 
reer exploration, and physical activity. 
Together, these areas of expected participation 
constitute the co-curricular program, which 
is intended to provide strong positive induce- 
ment for educational achievements that Ue for 
the most part outside the formal academic 
curriculum, achievements that contribute di- 
rectly to the college's goal of developing com- 
petent givers whose lives will be characterized 
by leadership and service. The expectations 
are as follows: 

Service. Each student shall have and find 
opportunities on and off campus to engage in 
significant service activities that help the stu- 
dent to develop leadership and other inter- 
personal skills, make a significant contribution 
to the welfare of others and encourage a lifelong 
commitment to service. 

Career Exploration. Each student shall have 
and find opportunities to explore in a system- 
atic way the relationship of the undergraduate 
experience to the world of work and the stu- 
dent's occupational skill and interests, to apply 
and thus enhance acquired knowledge in career 
related situations, and to establish enduring 
beneficial relationships with persons engaged 
in occupations or professions related to the 
student's interests. Such opportunities include 
internships, practica, research, studio work, a 
variety of other practice-oriented experiences 
offered through the major or concentration or 
through other programs of the college, or self- 
initiated activities. 

Physical Activity. Each student shall have 
and find opportunities to engage in organized 
or self-initiated activities that help the student 
to develop an awareness of the importance of 
physical well-being and to acquire skills that 
contribute to good physical condition. 

Each student is free to choose the kinds of 
achievements and experiences that would 
meet each expectation. In each category, activ- 
ities which are part of an approved course, or 
directed or independent study, may earn aca- 
demic credit. An underlying expectation is 
that each student will come to Eckerd with the 
intention to develop a planned program of 
participation and achievement in each of the 

three co-curricular areas, and thus a total co- 
curricular program that both supplements and 
enlivens the classroom experience. 

The Co-Curricular Record 

As a reflection of the fact that the co-curricular 
program is a significant dimension of the pro- 
gram of the college, each student has an official 
co-curricular record that is maintained in the 
Office of Student Affairs, which has primary 
responsibility for the co-curricular program. 
Entries on this record must be consistent with 
the categories approved by the faculty, may be 
made only at the student's request and with 
the approval of the Dean of Students, and are 
Umited to names of activities, leadership posi- 
tions held, and honors received. The intent is 
twofold: to enable the student to compile an 
official record of response to college co-cur- 
ricular expectations, and to provide the student 
with credentials that may be used to supplement 
the academic transcript in application for jobs, 
graduate work, fellowships, and other post- 
graduate opportunities. Like the academic 
transcript, the co-curricular record is released 
outside the college only with the student's 
permission, and neither the academic tran- 
script nor the co-curricular record makes ref- 
erence to the other. 


The library supports the educational mission 
of the college by providing faciUties, resources 
and services designed to enhance the student's 
learning experience. The primary goal of the 
library staff is to help students achieve com- 
petency in making use of available knowledge. 
In this constantly changing and increasingly 
complex world the ability to locate and use 
needed information has become a crucial skill. 
Instruction in the effective use of library re- 
sources begins in the Freshman level autumn 
term, continues in Western Heritage and pro- 
gresses through upperclass levels where 
students are encouraged to make use of sophis- 
ticated computer technology by searching in 
onhne databases. During all four years the 
emphasis is on providing, through frequent 
interaction between student and librarian, the 
personal attention that makes for a learning 
experience of quality. 

Conveniently located in the center of campus, 
the library provides an open and inviting en- 
vironment for study and leisure reading. Quiet 
carrels and carpeted lounge areas are inter- 
spersed throughout the open stack book col- 
lection. A typing room is available for those 
who do not have their own typewriters, and for 
those desiring personal copies of printed or 
microform materials, coin operated copying 
machines are available. 

Designed to meet the basic needs of under- 
graduate students, the library's book collection 
contains approximtely 105,000 volumes. Peri- 
odical subscriptions number over 900 with a 
total of 20,000 bovmd periodical volumes. New 
materials designed to meet both the curricular 
and recreational reading needs of students are 
constantly being acquired. Each year over 
2,000 books are carefully selected by instructors 
and librarians for inclusion in the collection. 
To augment the college's own holdings, the 
library participates in the On-hne Computer 
Library Center (OCLC) Network which pro- 
vides computerized interlibrary loan access to 
several thousand libraries throughout the 
United States. In addition, the library has 
reciprocal lending agreements with the St 
Petersburg Junior College Ubraries and the 
University of South Florida-Bayboro library. 





Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: for 
law and medical school, medical technology, 
the ministry, engineering, elementary and 
secondary education, management, business 
administration, and selected public service, 
human resources and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional ex- 
perience through intensively supervised intern- 
ships rather than by professional and pre- 
professional courses that tend to limit the scope 
and quality of liberal education. The teacher 
education program, described immediately 
following, exemplifies the apphcation of this 
principle. Students in management take certain 
specialized courses, such as accounting, and 
prepare themselves through internships care- 
fully planned with the Mentor of the manage- 
ment program. Similarly, human relations 
occupations involve a thorough liberal arts 
base, to which are added supervised field and 
employment experiences designed to meet the 
particular interest and need of the student 

'd 5»»il".« 



The Eckerd College Teacher Education faculty 
seek to develop competent and humane leaders 
for the teaching profession. The Director of 
Teacher Education is responsible and ac- 
countable for all teacher education programs: 
elementary certification, secondary cer- 
tification, grades7-12,K-12certificationin 
art and music. For certification requirements 
in these programs, see page 42 under "Educa- 
tion" in the course listings. 

The Florida legislature has mandated entrance 
requirements for all teacher education pro- 
grams in the State. To be eligible to apply to 
the Eckerd College Teacher Education pro- 
gram, students must have attained a minimum 
combined S.A.T. score of 900, and both verbal 
and mathematics scores must exceed 450. 
Students must have earned a minimum grade 
point average of B or 2.8 on all college level 
work. A college level mathematics course is 
required also of all students. 

Teacher program graduates seeking regular 
certification in Florida are required to pass the 
Florida Teacher Certification Examination and 
successfully complete the Florida Beginning 
Teacher Program. For further information 
about the policies and procedures for admis- 
sion into the Teacher Education Program, 
contact the Director of Teacher Education 
and request a copy of the Education Student 
Handbook. , ., 


Eckerd College's Human Resource Institute 
includes the Human Resources Management 
program which studies the activities organiza- 
tions and societies use to generate behaviors 
directed toward their objectives; the Human 
Resources Measurement program which studies 
the processes used to evaluate human resource 
management; and the Human Resources Asso- 
ciation which facilitates cooperative relation- 
ships between the Institute and organizations 
interested in advancing human resources 
management and measurement research. 

The Institute was initially organized at the 
University of Michigan in 1969 by William 
Pyle. It moved to Eckerd College in 1986 when 
Dr. Pyle joined the faculty as professor of 
management and Director of the Human Re- 
source Institute. Since its inception, over one 
hundred Fortune 500 and other major firms in 
the U.S. and abroad have sought to advance 
personnel and human resources management 
and measurement research through their 
financial support of the Institute. 

The Institute works closely with Eckerd Col- 
lege's academic programs including the col- 
lege's concentration in Personnel and Human 
Resources Management by involving students 
in its industry research projects and encourag- 
ing its business and industry association mem- 
bers to provide students with work experience, 
internships, and career opportunities. 


The engineering and applied science program 
is designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with 
one of many fields of engineering or applied 
science. Students may pursue a career in many 
engineering disciplines (for example: electrical, 
civil, chemical, industrial aerospace, textile, 
nuclear, biomedical or health systems), in en- 
gineering mechanics, systems engineering, or 
one of several other appUed sciences. Students 
complete all requirements for majors at both 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd 
taking mathematics and science courses that 
will quaUfy them to enter an engineering pro- 
gram at the Junior level. In general, students 
take Calculus 1, 11, and III; Differential Equa- 
tions; Chemistry I and 11; Physics I and II; and 
Introduction to Computer Science, along with 
the general education requirements and the 
requirements of an Eckerd College major. 
Some of the courses required for the Eckerd 
College major may be completed at the other 
institution. The detailed curriculum depends 
on the student's choice of engineering college 
and specific degree program. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 
dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted 
to an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in 
two years. The student is then awarded degrees 
from both Eckerd College and the engineering 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science 
wdth Washington University (St. Louis), Au- 
burn University, Columbia University and 
Georgia Institute of Technology. Students 
may also apply to engineering schools with 
which we do not have formal agreements. Many 
engineering schools accept transfer students. 
Several such schools have supplied us with 
advice and information on which courses would 
best prepare students to transfer into engi- 
neering at the Junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite require- 
ments, it is vital for dual degree candidates to 
obtain counseling early in their career at Eckerd 


Eckerd College provides an Army Reserve 
Officer's Training Program through a cross- 
enrollment agreement with the University of 
South Florida at St. Petersburg. Students who 
complete the program, which consists of four 
courses in military science, a weekly leadership 
laboratory, and one summer camp, are com- 
missioned in the United States Army. All 
students may take the courses in miUtary 
science for elective credit. The ROTC program 
is open to both men and women, and scholar- 
ships are available on a competitive basis to 
qualified Sophomores, Juniors and Seniors. 


The purpose of the Writing Center is to en- 
hance student learning by helping them to 
become more organized in investigating and 
more articulate in formulating ideas. Working 
closely with the Foundations Collegium, the 
staff and tutors of the Writing Center aid stu- 
dents who wish to improve writing skills and 
competence in research. Assistance is offered 
to all Eckerd students, with special workshops 
on preparation of Writing Competency port- 
folios, tutoring for non-native vmters, consul- 
ting on senior theses, and individual help on all 
writing tasks. 


Eckerd College believes that a liberally edu- 
cated person should be at home in other cultures, 
and tries to give every student the chance to 
study abroad. The Eckerd College London 
Study Centre is permanently staffed and 
supervised by Eckerd faculty members; we 
also have semester programs in Florence, Italy, 
and are affiliated with the Institute for Ameri- 
can Universities in France, and Stetson Uni- 
versity in Spain and Germany. 

Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Many 
students choose to take their winter term pro- 
jects in London, and we also organize programs 
in locations such as Austria, Mexico, Greece, 
Italy, Jamaica, Russia, and the Caribbean. 

Semester Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide semester 
opportunities for students in ahnost all areas 
of concentration. Programs are available in 


Florence, London, Aix-en-Provence or Avignon, 
Madrid, and Freiburg. Eckerd is also a member 
of ISEP, the International Student Exchange 
Program, which offers over 100 locations 
worldwide. Students may spend a semester or 
full year aboard and some have recently re- 
turned from Australia, Sweden and Mexico. 

Year Abroad 

Eckerd has exchange arrangements with two 
universities in Japan: Kansai Gaidai (Univer- 
sity of Foreign Studies) in Osaka, and Nanzan 
University in Nagoya, as well as Ewha Woman's 
University in Seoul, Korea. 

The Office of International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to 
their particular academic needs. 


Our academic calendar permits off-campus 
study for periods of one month (January), one 
semester (14 weeks), and up to a full academic 
year. Upperclass students are encouraged to 
take advantage of programs and facilities not 
available at Eckerd through the off-campus 
program. It is possible to participate in group 
projects with a faculty leader or to contract 
independent studies of the student's own 
design. During winter term (January), group 
projects such as an archaeological dig in the 
southwest, government operations in Wash- 
ington, D. C. , or urban problems in Chicago are 
possible. Independent projects for individual 
students have been undertaken in industry, 
the Argonne Laboratories, marine research, 
and at an Indian reservation. The winter term, 
through cooperation with other schools having 
a similar calendar, provides for intensive pro- 
jects on other campuses throughout the United 

The Off-Campus Programs office assists stu- 
dents in making arrangements, preparing con- 
tracts, and providing information and ideas 
related to various choices. The project subject 
matter must determine the particular off- 
campus location chosen. 


Eckerd College provides an opportunity for 
qualified students to earn a semester of credit 
in an academic, scientific and practical experi- 
ence leading to a realistic understanding of the 
sea, sponsored by the Sea Education Asso- 
ciation, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester 
(the six- week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six-week sea component) for a 
practical laboratory experience. For course 
descriptions see page 83. Eckerd College tuition 
and scholarship aid can often be applied toward 
the cost of Sea Semester and additional aid 
may be available from S.E.A. For more infor- 
mation, contact the Office of International 
Education and Off- Campus Programs. 


Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. While 
we continue to provide opportunities for stu- 
dents to enrich their education abroad (see 
International Education page 12) one need go 
no further than the campus itself to experience 
a truly cosmopohtan environment. The Inter- 
national Student Affairs office sponsors sup- 
port programs and activities for students 
coming from more than 40 different nations to 
pursue a variety of studies here. There are two 
distinct groups of international students at 
Eckerd College: those who study in the English 
Language Service Center and those who are 
degree-seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to- 
face opportunities for cross-cultural exchange 
in classroom and other settings. The breadth 
of this experience is celebrated annually during 
the Festival of Cultures with exhibits, enter- 
tainment and ethnic deUcacies from around 
the world. 



A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social and polit- 
ical realities of life. With increasing insistence, 
employers and professional associations are 
asking career-minded students to relate fun- 
damental education in liberal arts fields to 
long-range plans. Further, they stress the value 
of a solid liberal arts background for business 
or professional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during 
your four years at Eckerd is a program to help 
you examine your career and professional goals. 
The Career- Service Program offers one or 
more of a variety of experiences: one-to-one 
and group diagnostic career counsehng to 
assist in making decisions which integrate aca- 
demic programs, career planning and general 
lifestyle; internship and field experience place- 
ments which involve unpaid work experiences 
of observation either with a professional person 
or in a special social environment; paid work 
experiences related to current academic studies 
and long-range career goals; discipline intern- 
ships such as teacher education, community 
studies, leisure studies, or management; and 
placement services to assist you in finding 
part-time and summer employment while in 
school, but primarily to enable you to select 
either the appropriate post-graduate education 
or the vocational career that fits your personal 
aptitudes, desires, and objectives. 


The summer term is an eight-week term con- 
sisting of two four-week sessions. Courses are 
available in Session A, Session B, and/or 
through the full eight-week summer term. A 
preliminary announcement of courses and fees 
is published in early April; more detailed 
course descriptions are available in mid-April. 
Regularly enrolled Eckerd students and stu- 
dents enrolled and in good standing at other 
colleges and universities are eligible for ad- 
mission. High school students who have com- 
pleted their Sophomore year and present 
evidence (usually a recommendation from 
principal or counselor) of their ability to do 
introductory level college work, are ehgible for 
admission with a scholarship which covers 
507c of the regular tuition. Summer term rates 
are slightly reduced from academic year tui- 
tion levels. Students entering Eckerd in the 
summer with the intention of becoming degree 
candidates must make formal application for 
admission to the Dean of Admissions. 


Summer courses may replace courses missed 
during the academic year or accelerate gradu- 
ation. Additional information about summer 
term courses may be obtained from the Dean 
of Special Programs. 


The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) 
is a degree-completion program designed 
specifically for adult learners who are strongly 
motivated, yet have career or personal obliga- 
tions which keep them from enrolUng in a more 
traditional degree program. Because of the 
flexible and personal nature of the program, 
most students are able to continue working 
full-time while pursuing the bachelor's degree. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning 
does not necessarily have to take place in a 
formal classroom setting. When experiential 
learning is relevant to academic goals, it should 
be recognized in a meaningful way. 

PEL students have been awarded college credit 
for a variety of prior learning experiences in- 
cluding: career-oriented learning, technical 
training, professional development seminars 
and courses, community activities, volunteer 
work, previous college work, and other mean- 
ingful personal efforts. The main requirements 
are that such prior learning be comparable to 
college-level coursework, be well documented, 
and be appUcable to the student's chosen 
degree program. 

Depending upon the student's background 
and experience, a maximum of 27 courses could 
be awarded through transfer and experiential 
credit Since the bachelor's degree requires a 
minimum of 36 courses, this may represent a 
substantial savings of time and money. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perse- 
verance and self-discipline are necessary for 
success in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1. AppHcants must be at least 25 years of 

2. Applicants must have a high school diploma 
or high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for 
"C" or better grades will be awarded when 
coursework is appropriate for a liberal arts 
and sciences education and is relevant to 
career goals. 

3. Applicants should possess a high degree of 
personal motivatioa Although the program 
is flexible, ultimate success will depend 
upon the student's own ability, initiative, 
and desire to earn the degree. 

Meeting Degree Requirements 

In addition to meeting some degree require- 
ments through experiential learning and trans- 
fer credit, other course requirements may be 
met in a variety of ways. PEL provides five 
eight-week terms at the main campus and in 
Clearwater and Sarasota Centers. Directed 
and independent study courses provide an 
option for PEL students in meeting degree 
requirements. These courses, designed by 
faculty members, require neither class partic- 
ipation nor campus residence. The student 
works closely with the faculty member through- 
out a course. Other ways of meeting degree 
requirements for PEL students include tutorial 
courses, travel/study programs, and regular 
campus courses. 

Major and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded the same degree 
conferred in the residential degree program. 
The degree preserves the basic features of the 
Eckerd College program by emphasizing the 
liberal arts as part of everyone's education, 
but also recognizes the importance of relating 
general knowledge to special career concerns. 

A number of degree programs are particularly 
well suited to the PEL format. For example, 
business and management concentrations can 
coordinate job experience vrith theory in the 
college curriculum. A major in human resources 
readily makes use of professional involvement 
in health services, community service, and the 
helping professions. 

Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to 
qualified students, including the Pell Grant, 
Florida Tuition Voucher, Federally Insured 
Student Loans and VA benefits. 

Another popular form offinancial assistance is 
through tuition reimbursement programs spon- 
sored by private corporations and government 
agencies. Many PEL students have found that 
their employers are very cooperative in helping 
to meet their college expenses. 

For More Information 

Additional information on financial aid, ad- 
missions requirements, and the Program for 
Experienced Learners may be obtained by 
writing: Program for Experienced Learners, 
Eckerd College, P.O. Box 12560, St Petersburg, 
FL 33733. Or call: (813) 864-8226, and one of 
our counselors will be glad to help you. 




The Academy of Senior Professionals at 
Eckerd College (ASPEC) is an integral unit of 
the college devoted to the promotion of con- 
tinuing liberal education, scholarly activity, 
writing, study, and the development of indi- 
vidual or group projects of importance to mem- 
bers, to the college, and to the community. 

ASPEC is a unique organization composed of 
a group of mature men and women who have 
had distinguished careers in education, religion, 
business, the arts and sciences, government 
service, the armed forces, medicine, dentistry, 
law, architecture, social services and similar 
professional endeavors. By means of publica- 
tions, lectures, coUoquia, convocations, and 
the like, members continue to share and to 
contribute to human knowledge. Through fre- 
quent association with faculty members and 
with students, members contribute their know- 
ledge and experience, and receive in return 
fresh viewpoints and ideas. Some ASPEC 
members participate in teaching on the invita- 
tion of faculty members. 

ASPE C is designed for those who wish, during 
their retirement, to expand their intellectual 
horizons, enrich their cultural experiences, 
make constructive contributions to society, or 
pursue their own interests in association with 
congenial colleagues within the multigenera- 
tional educational community of Eckerd College. 

Some members live in housing units in College 
Harbor, the retirement center on the college 
campus. Others reside within commuting dis- 
tance of the campus. Inquiries should be 
addressed to: Director, Academy of Senior 
Professionals, Eckerd College, P.O. Box 12560, 
St. Petersburg, Florida 33733. 




In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least two years, includ- 
ing the Senior year, in the college or in an 
approved off-campus program. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemp- 
tion from or a modification of an all-college 
requirement may petition the Dean of Faculty 
using forms available in the Office of the 
Registrar. Petitions must include detailed 
reasons for the request, and receive prior 
approval from the student's Mentor and col- 
legia! chairperson. 

Unless modified in individual cases by action 
of the Dean of Faculty, the following require- 
ments must be fulfilled by all students in order 
to qualify for formal recommendation by the 
faculty for the Bachelor of Arts degree: 

1. The satisfactory completion of a minimum 
of 32 courses, plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and a winter term project 
in each subsequent year. 

a. A Freshman may take a winter term in 
addition to autumn term, and substitute 
that winter term for one of the 32 

b. The winter term project in the Senior 
year normally consists of the preparation 
for comprehensive examinations, theses 
or projects. 

2. Writing Competency: students must submit 
a portfolio of their own compositions to be 
evaluated by members of the faculty and 
Writing Excellence program. Specifications 
for the contents of the portfolios are avail- 
able from the Director of Writing Excel- 
lence. Usually, the pieces in the portfolio 
are essays, reports, examinations, or crea- 
tive work written in courses, and most 
students submit their portfolio for evalu- 
ation in the spring of their first year. Stu- 
dents may not register for senior projects, 
theses, or comprehensive examinations 
without having received writing competency 
for their portfolio. Composition courses 
and the Writing Center provide instruction 
in preparing writing competency portfolios; 
students whose portfolios are judged in- 
adequate must take a composition course 
before resubmitting their portfolio. Since 
portfoHo evaluation is conducted only twice 
each year, students are strongly urged to 


consult with their Mentors and the Writing 
Center staff well before the April and Octo- 
ber deadlines, and to submit their port- 
folios before completing eighteen course 

3. Computation (normally in the Freshman 
year): one college level mathematics, com- 
puter science, formal logic or statistics 
course, or one course that uses the com- 
puter as a major learning tool, designated 
by an M. Competency may also be satisfied 
by passing an appropriate proficiency 
examination administered by the college. 

4. Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level, or the equivalent as demon- 
strated by a college administered profi- 
ciency examination. 

5. Western Heritage I and II, WHF 181 
and 182. Students for whom English is a 
second language and who have not resided 
in the mainland U.S. for more than two 
years may substitute WHF 183C U.S. 
Area Studies for Western Heritage I, 
which shall also fulfill the requirement for 
a course within the Cross- Cultural Per- 
spective. There is a special section of 
Western Heritage II for international stu- 

6. Four courses (normally in the Sophomore 
and Junior years), one each from a Ust of 
options in the following four areas: the 
Aesthetic Perspective, the Cross-Cul- 
tural Perspective, the Environmental 
Perspective, the Social Relations Per- 
spective, distributed over four different 
upper division Collegia. A term of study 
abroad also fulfills the Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective. Courses fulfilling these require- 
ments are indicated by the appropriate 
letter following the number. See the course 
descriptions for a listing of these courses. 

7 . One course in the Senior year in the Judaeo- 
Christian Perspective. 

8. One senior seminar within the collegium of 
the student's major focussing on the search 
for solutions to important issues that stu- 
dents are likely to confront during their 

9. The completion of a major (from the list of 
35 majors formally approved by the faculty), 
or an independently designed area of con- 
centration. The area of concentration must 
be approved by three members of the fa- 
culty, with an approved study plan filed in 
the Registrar's office no later than fall 
semester of the Junior year. 

10. The satisfactory completion in the Senior 
year of a comprehensive examination, 
thesis, or creative project in the major or 
area of concentration with a grade of C or 

The following requirements must be fulfilled 
by students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1. The satisfactory completion of the course 
and all-college requirements as outlined in 
sections 1-10 above. 

2. Completion of a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in 
the Natural Sciences Collegium, including 
not more than one of the four required 
perspective courses. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts 
degree by completing at least twelve but fewer 
than sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, including not more than one of the 
four perspective courses. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathemat- 
ics may substitute specified courses outside 
the Collegium to satisfy the minimum require- 
ment for courses within the Collegium. Inter- 
ested students should consult their Mentors 
for information on gaining approval for such 

Students transferring to Eckerd College 
as Sophomores are considered exempt from 
Western Heritage, the computation and foreign 
language requirements. Students transfer- 
ring as Juniors are also considered exempt 
from any two of the four Sophomore/Junior 


The Honors Program at Eckerd College pro- 
vides enhanced opportunities for independent 
study and research to students of outstanding 
ability. Selected students are brought together 
for close interaction and advanced work, such 
studies receiving permanent recognition on 
the students' transcripts. 

A special brochure is available from the Dean 
of Admissions concerning the four years of the 
Honors Program but a brief description follows. 
First-year Honors students meet for special 
sessions of the college's two Freshman core 
courses, Western Heritage I and II, for which 
an extra course credit is awarded. The second 
and third years of the Honors Program center 
around Honors courses in four areas or per- 
spectives, these being the Aesthetic, the Cross- 
Cultural, the Environmental, and the Social 
Relations Perspectives. Seniors in the Honors 
Program participate in a colloquium in which 
they present their Senior thesis research, cre- 
ative projects, or their work for comprehensive 

Students normally apply to the Honors Program 
in the spring before their anticipated fall enroll- 
ment. A faculty committee selects students for 
the approximately twenty spaces available in 
each class, with the selection criteria including 
high school record, standardized test scores, 
and teacher recommendations. Interested 
students are encouraged to write the Dean of 
Admissions for additional information. 



The following National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: two years of college German, a 
3.0 average in German courses and 2.5 overall; 
new members must be elected unanimously. 
The Society meets monthly, sponsors German 
related events, off-campus speakers and a 
weekly kaffee klatch for all German students. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses. 
The Society recognizes the accomplishments 
of economics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing with 
high grade point average, selected on the basis 
of exemplary character, responsible leadership 
and service in campus life. The purpose is to 
encourage good campus citizenship by recog- 
nizing significant achievement in the various 
aspects of college life. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at least two years of mathe- 
matics including Calculus I and II vnth at least 
a B average. The purpose is to promote schol- 
arly activity in mathematics among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: three years, or the equivalent, 
of college Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all 
Spanish courses, and rank in upper 35 percent 
of class with a minimum of 2.75. The purpose 
is to promote scholarly activity in Spanish 
among students in academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi - Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for 
scientific research and intention to pursue a 
career in science, nomination by a Sigma Xi 
member based on such criteria as academic 
excellence, scientific research usually culmin- 
ating in a paper, presentation at a scientific 
meeting, or a senior theses. The pupose is to 
advance scientific research, encourage inter- 
disciplinary cooperation, and assist the wider 
understanding of science. 



At Eckerd College efforts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the 
faculty has approved a number of disciplinary 
and interdisciplinary majors. In most cases, 
the faculty members associated with each major 
have prescribed minimum course require- 

ments for the major. Brief descriptions of 
majors are included under each discipline 
heading in the course description section of 
this catalog. Students desiring more specific 
information about major programs should 
consult their Mentors, coUegial chairpersons 
and discipline coordinators. A list of the faculty- 
approved majors follows. 

American Studies 


Business Administration/ 


Comparative Literature 
Computer Science 
Creative Writing 

Elementary Education 
Environmental Studies/ 

Earth Sciences 

Human Resources 



Marine Science 
Modern Languages 



Political Science 
Religious Studies 
Russian Studies 
Visual Arts 

Students desiring to design their own programs 
of study are encouraged to develop an individ- 
ualized area of concentration in cooperation 
with their Mentors. The proposed plan of study 
must ultimately be approved and have iden- 
tified with it a specific committee of at least 

three faculty members. The approved study 
plan must be filed in the Registrar's office 
early in the Junior year. A major or concentra- 
tion may require no more than 12 courses in 
one discipline, and no more than 16 courses 



Credit toward a degree is awarded for satis- 
factory course completion, independent study 
projects, directed study programs, academic 
work certified by another accredited degree- 
granting institution, and proficiency demon- 
strated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course com- 
pletion. A normal full-time academic load is 
eight courses plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and eight courses plus a winter 
term project in each subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent 
study by students who exhibit both the self- 
discipline and mastery of the methodologies 
demanded by the subject matter selected by 
the student. An independent study project is 
designed by a student in consultation with the 
professor who is to supervise and evaluate the 
work. An academic contract, drawn in advance, 
specifies the subject and method of inquiry, 
the texts, the purpose of the project, and the 
basis of evaluation and credit. Each contract 
m_ust be approved by the Director of Inde- 
pendent Study. Independent study options 
are available for both on and off-campus 
opportunities. Freshmen are not permitted to 
take off-campus independent studies. Inde- 
pendent study forms are available from the 

Provision is also made for credit by directed 
study. Both independent study and directed 
study require advance planning by the instruc- 
tor and student. While initiative rests with the 
student for design of independent study, in 
directed study the instructor is responsible for 
supplying a syllabus which defines the program. 
Directed study syllabi are available from the 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited 
degree-granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 
courses, plus one autumn and one winter term. 
A student entering Eckerd College should 
request that a transcript of work done in other 
institutions be sent to the Registrar. When the 
transcript has been evaluated, the applicant is 
notified of the credit accepted by transfer. 
Eckerd College students who wish to enroll for 
part of their programs at other institutions 
should have the approval in advance of their 
Mentors, appropriate discipline faculty, and 
the Registrar. For more information on transfer 
credit, please see page 99. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is 

awarded when a student applies for it with the 
Registrar and successfully completes appro- 
priate examinations. College Level Exam- 
ination Programs are recognized for both 
advanced placement and academic credit. For 
more information on CLEP, see page 100. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a stu- 
dent's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may 
be accorded credit if closely coordinated with 
the student's academic program. Such exper- 
ience ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular 
course or independent study project. 

f- -i-i^!iesci« 



The standard grading system of the college is 
A (Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satis- 
factory Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unac- 
ceptable Work). All courses in which a grade of 
C or higher has been earned shall count toward 
fulfilling degree requirements. A course in which 
a D grade is earned may fulfill degree require- 
ments only when a grade of B or higher is 
earned in another full course. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all 
course requirements are not complete by the 
end of the term and that, in the judgment of the 
instructor, extension of deadline is appropriate. 
Unless an earUer deadline is set by the in- 
structor, a student will have thirty days into 
the next regular semester to complete the 
required work. If the work is not completed by 
that time, or the shorter deadline imposed by 
the instructor, the Incomplete will auto- 
matically become an F. 

In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before 
the end of the eighth week of a semester, a 
grade of W is recorded. If withdrawal occurs 
after that point, a grade of F is recorded. A W 
that results from an involuntary withdrawal 
must be vahdated with the Registrar at the 
time of withdrawal or as soon thereafter as 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is avail- 
able in each course/project for students who 
are at least second semester Freshmen. Stu- 
dents desiring this grading option must petition 
for the approval of the course instructor, the 
Mentor, and the Educational Policies and Pro- 
gram Committee. Petitions must be submitted 
prior to the beginning of a semester or term. 
Grades of Credit and No Credit cannot be 
subsequently changed to letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered 
on the official record of the college. Grades of 
F will not be removed from the transcript. A 
notation will be recorded on the transcript of 
any substitute grade earned. Students may 
not repeat a course for credit unless they receive 
a D, need to repeat the course in order to 
progress in sequence, and have the approval of 
the instructor and academic dean. 


Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is 
no college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instructors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 




Normal progress toward graduation is the 
completion of four courses each semester and 
a short term each year with grades of C or 


At the close of each semester the Academic 
Review Committee reviews the progress of 
every student who fails a course, receives a 
voluntary withdrawal (referred to hereafter 
by W) , has more D than grades of B or better, is 
on academic probation, or is otherwise identi- 
fied as not making satisfactory academic pro- 
gress. Mentors, instructors and student per- 
sonnel staff may be consulted. The Committee 
may place on probation or dismiss any student 
who in its judgment is not making satisfactory 
academic progress. In making such judgments 
the Committee is guided by the following 
standards and notifies the Financial Aid office 
of each financial aid recipient affected. 


A student who accumulates two or three F 
grades, or a combinaton of F and W grades 
that results in falling behind normal progress 
by two to five courses, or one more D than B or 
better grades, is placed on academic probation. 

Students placed on academic probation are 
notified of this action by the Academic Review 
Committee and advised of how to remove the 
probationary status. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester during the probation period. 

Students admitted on probation may have 
no more than two F or W grades in their first 
semester and must have at least one C or better 
in order to enroll for a second semester. 


A student who accumulates four F grades, or a 
combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by six courses, 
or four more D than B or better grades, in 
addition to being placed on probation, is noti- 

fied that he or she is subject to dismissal for 
any additional F, D or W. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester while subject to dismissal. 




A student placed on probation or subject to 
dismissal as a result of F and W grades for a 
second consecutive semster, or as a result of D 
grades for a fourth consecutive semester, is 
suspended from participation in college spon- 
sored extracurricular activities, and the direc- 
tors of the activities notified, so that the student 
may devote full time to study. 


Probationary status remains in effect until 
the student completes four courses in Eckerd 
College in one semester with C or better grades 
and the overall number of B or better grades at 
least equals the number of D grades. 


A student who accumulates five or more F 
grades, or a combination of F and W grades 
that results in falUng behind normal progress 
by seven courses or more, or five or more D 
than B or better grades, is dismissed for at 
least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons are 
notified in advance of the next regular semester 
by the Academic Review Committee. This 
notice also advises the student whether and, if 
so, when and how to be considered for read- 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a 
student should write to the Dean of Students, 
who shall obtain the approval of the Dean of 
Faculty as chair of the Academic Review 
Committee before authorizing readmission. 


A student who is readmitted after having been 
dismissed for a limited period of time for aca- 
demic reasons is admitted on probation, but is 
dismissed again if he or she accumulates an 
additional two F grades, or a combination of F 
and W grades that results in falling behind 
normal progress by more than two courses, or 
three more D than B or better grades. 



Probation: any one of the following 
2 or 3 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 2 to 5 courses 
1 to 3 more D than B or better grades 

Subject to Dismissal; any one of the following 
4 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 6 courses 
4 more D than B or better grades 


5 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in failing 

behind by 7 courses 
5 more D than B or better grades 

Second Dismissal: any one of the following 
Additional: 2 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in 
falling behind by 3 courses 
3 or more D than B or better 


Withdrawal from the college at any time is 
official only upon the completion of the with- 
drawal form available in the Registrar's office. 
Requests for readmission following withdrawal 
should be sent to the Dean of Students. Stu 
dents may withdraw to enroll in another college 
for courses not available here but important to 
the student's total program. Such courses may 
be transferred upon the student's return, but 
must be approved in advance by the Mentor, 
discipline faculty and Registrar. Students re- 
questing a withdrawal should consult with the 


The Dean's List is pubHshed following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a 
grade point average of 3.75. Students with 
incomplete grades at the time of publication 
are not eligible. 


Eckerd College awards diplomas with honors 
to a few students in each graduating class. 
Criteria are entirely academic and include 
performance in courses, independent study 
and research, and on the comprehensive exam- 
ination, thesis or project. Accomplishment in 
the complete college program is honored rather 
than in a major, concentration, or discipline 
alone. The Honors/ Awards Committee calls 
for nomination for honors from individual 
faculty members. Honors are conferred on 
recommendation of the committee. 


Registration dates are Usted in the calendar 
at the back of this catalog. Upon completion of 
procedures as outlined in registration materials, 
the student's registration is approved by the 
business office and the Registrar. Students 
who preregister late will be charged a $30 fee. 
Proof of payment must accompany the regis- 

All courses for which the student wishes to 
register for credit must be listed on the official 
registration form. The student is responsible 
for every course listed and can receive no 
credit for courses not listed on this form. 
After registration day, official changes in 
registration may be made only through 
official drop/ add cards approved by the 
instructors whose courses are involved. 
Unless a course is officially dropped, a 
grade of F will be incurred if the student 
fails to meet the obligations of the course. 
No course may be added after the drop/add 
deadlines which are printed in the calendar in 
the back of this catalog. 


Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without fee, subject to permission 
of the instructor. Part-time students or students 
not registered for credit may attend courses as 
auditors subject to formal permission of the 
instructor and payment of an auditor's fee of 
$270. Entry is made on the student's permanent 
record concerning audited classes. A course 
taken for audit may be changed to credit with 
the instructor's permission, if the change is 
filed with the Registrar by the end of the eighth 
week of a semester. 




(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 

1 . The first two letters indicate the discipUne 
offering the course. 

2. The third letter indicates the collegium. A- 
Creative Arts; L-Letters; C-Comparative 
Cultures; B-Behavioral Science; N-Natural 
Sciences; F-Foundations; I-International 
(offered abroad). 

3. Interdisciphnary courses are indicated by 
the collegial designations: CRA-Creative 
Arts, BEB-Behavioral Science, CUC-Com- 
parative Cultures, LTL-Letters, NAN- 
Natural Sciences, FDF-Foundations, INI- 
a course offered abroad. 

4. The first digit of the three numbers indi- 
cates the level of the course: 1 and 2 indi- 
cate a course at the Freshman or Sophomore 

level; 3 and 4 indicate a course at the Junior 
or Senior level. 

The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 
331-332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

Perspective courses are indicated by A- 
Aesthetic, C-Cross-Cultural, E-Environ- 
mental, S-Social Relations after the digits. 
JCP indicates Judaeo- Christian Perspec- 
tive. Courses which meet the computation 
requirement are indicated by M after the 

The required four different perspective courses must be taken in four different collegia. 

Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts 

are negotiated between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract 

forms are available in the Registrar's office. 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 

Registrar's office. Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced 

Learners only. Please consult the PEL Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minor shall consist of 

five courses from a single discipline, to be determined by the discipUne. 


An accounting concentraton may be elected 
by a student as a skill area within the man- 
agement major. Students electing accounting 
must meet the requirements for the Manage- 
ment program. See Management for des- 
criptions of those requirements and courses. 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an introduction to a major area of 
artistic endeavor. Whether in creative expres- 
sion or aesthetic appreciation, all focus on 
providing students with the ability to make 
informed value judgments in the artistic area 
under consideration. 

ANC 383A Primitive and Folk Art 

For description see Anthropology. 


Aesthetic Perspective Courses 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

For description see Art. 

ARI 321A Art Patronage in London 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

CRA 201 A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Profs. Richard Rice, Arthur Skinner 

Immersion in the performing and visual arts of 
the Tampa Bay area, and an exploration of the 
creative process from the perspective of artist, 
performer, and audience. Field trips. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Moral, ethical and religious questions in working 
life, as seen in the novel. Discussion of the 
books with practitioners of the professions 
who will speak from professional experience. 

CRA 225A Multimedia Studies in 

Prof Joan Epstein 

Fundamentals of art criticism applied to var- 
ious "multimedia" phenomena; aesthetic theo- 
ries extracted. Freshman discouraged from 

CRA 384A 20th Century American 
Women in the Arts 

Prof Nancy Corson Carter 

Values and traditions affecting American 
women artists from 1935 to the present. 
Examine works by women in dance, visual 
arts, prose, poetry, film, photography, etc. 
Offered alternate years. 

EDA 336 A Frames of Mind: the Study of 
Multiple Intelligences 

For description see Education. 

HIC 244 A Cultural History of Russia 

HIL 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modem Painting 

HIL 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art 
and Architecture 

For descriptions see History. 

LIL 2 10 A Literary Themes: Literature as 
Human Experience 

LIL 211 A Literature for Life 

LIL 2 12 A Literature by Women 

LIL 222A American Literature II 

LIA 225A Modern American Poetry 

LIA/L 226A Uterary Genres: Short Novel 

LIA 227A Contemporary Fiction, 
Contemporary Issues 

LIL 239A English Literature: 1800 to the 

LIA 241 A Great American Novels 

LIA 250A Children's Literature 

LIA 28 1 A The Rise of the Novel: Western 
Narrative I 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel: Western 
Narrative II 

LIL 305A Women as Metaphor: 
Investigating our Literary Heritage 

LIL 325A Men and Women Together 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

LIA 350A Modern American Novel 

LI/THA 362A Film and Literature 

LIA 380 A Images of the Goddess 

LIA 38 1 A Contemporary American Fiction 

LIA 382A Contemporary American Poetry 

For descriptions see Literature. 

LTR 300A The Ancient Greek World 
Through Literature 

Prof Joan Fry 

Greek attitudes and aesthetics revealed through 
poetry, drama, prose, art and archaeology using 
readings, shdes and artifacts. 

LTR 301 A A Nation ofPoets and Thinkers: 
Art and Philosophy in Modern German 

Prof Bruce Foltz 

Art and philosophy in German culture from 
the classical period of Hegel and Goethe to the 
present. Interrelationship between art and 
thinking. Prerequisite: at least one course in 
history, literature or philosophy, or permission 
of instructor. 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music 

MUA 226A American Music and Values 

For description see Music. 



PLL 261 A Philosophy and Film 
PLL 263A Aesthetics 

For description see Philosophy. 

REL 342 A Literature of the Bible 

For description see Religious Studies. 

THA 102A The Living Theatre 

THA 263A Basic Acting 

THA 322 A Communication Arts and 

TH/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

THA 370A Scenic Design 

THA 381 A Seminar in Theatre: Theory 
and Value 

For descriptions see Theatre. 

THI 365A Theatre in London 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

WWA 302 A Rhetoric of Film 

For description see Creative Writing, 


A broad, interdisciplinary major in American 
civilization built around the core disciplines of 
history, political science and literature. The 
program may also include courses in such fields 
as philosophy, religion, art, economics and 
sociology. The student's program, developed 
in consultation with the Mentor and supervised 
by a three-member faculty committee, should 
form a consistent pattern of courses in Amer- 
ican culture and institutions. The program will 
include a minimum often courses, with at least 
five from one discipUne. Six of the ten courses 
must be beyond the introductory level. One of 
the following seminars, which also meet the 
Social Perspective course requirement, 
should be included in the major. 

AML 306 S American Myths, American 

Prof. William McKee 

Myths in American history, literature and 
religion which shape Americans' understanding 
of their identity and history. 

AML 307S Rebels vdth a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Reform and radical ideology of the 19th and 
20th centuries. Populism, progressivism; 
nationalist, civil rights, peace, feminist move- 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be 
male or female in the U.S. Historical origins 
and sources of values concerning masculinity 
and femininity. 


The major in anthropology is designed to help 
students acquire the basic perspective and 
understanding of the field, as well as proficiency 
in applying the anthropological viewpoint to 
the world in which they live. Requirements for 
the major include successful completion of 
five core courses: Introduction to Anthropol- 
ogy, Research Methodology, Anthropological 
Theory, Physical Anthropology, and a choice 
of either Linguistics, Applied Anthropology, 
or Introduction to Field Archaeology, plus suc- 
cessful completion of four other courses and 
one winter term in anthropology. Students 
who intend to pursue graduate studies in an- 
thropology are strongly advised to take course 
work in the areas of statistics, language studies, 
history, sociology and psychology. Indepen- 
dent and directed study courses in various 
areas of anthropology are normally available 
each academic year. Anthropology majors are 
strongly encouraged to participate in one or 
more overseas study experiences during their 
four years at Eckerd College. 

Requirements for the minor include successful 
completion of any five anthropology courses. 

ANC 20 IS The Anthropological 
Experience: Introduction to 

Concepts and viewpoints of contemporary 
anthropology through multimedia investigation: 
slides, films, elementary field experience. 



ANC 202 Introduction to Field 

Participation in a field experience. Prerequi- 
site: 20 IS or permission of instructor. 

ANC 203C Cultures of the Middle East 

The nature of Islamic cultures and changes 
that have taken place through contact with the 
West. Environment, reUgion, social organiza- 
tions, rural and urban factors, status of women, 
development of nationalism. 

ANC 204C Prehistoric Cultures of the 

Archaeological culture sequences from Paleo- 
Indian through historic periods. Gain an under- 
standing of how those previous cultures inter- 
acted with other regions of the state as well as 
other areas of the New World. Students will 
learn to document historical research. Evalua- 
tion on a project report. 

ANC 207C Chinese Communist 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Family, child-raising, position of women; nurs- 
eries, schools, clinics; Revolutionary Commit- 
tees. China's politics since the death of Mao. 

ANC 208 Human Sexuality 

Sexuality as symboUcally invested behavior, 
and its consequences in cultural, social and 
personal dimensions. 

ANC/LIL 230 Linguistics 

For description see Literature. 

ANC 250/1 (Directed Study) 

The Endless Journey: An Introduction 

to Anthropology I, II 

Basic concepts, theoretical viewpoints and 
research techniques of contemporary anthro- 

ANC 286C Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

Africa's geography, topography and cultural 
patterns: politics, economics, language, adap- 
tation. Comparisons of cultural heritages for 
selected societies. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
or higher. 

ANC 305 S Culture and Personality 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Major theoretical and conceptual tools utilized 
by anthropologists in the study of personality 
in culture; data- gathering techniques. Offered 
every third year. 

ANC 330 Physical Anthropology 

Evolution and fossil hominids (apes and hu- 
mans). Laboratories focus on anthropometric 
techniques. Controversies engendered by 
modem anthropological studies. Prerequisite: 
201 or permission of instructor. 

ANC 333 Making a Mirror for Man: An 
Introduction to Anthropological Research 

Design and implementation of different types 
of research modes. Field work projects. 

ANC 334C Applied Anthropology 

MNB 334C Industrial and Organizational 

Prof Hendrick Serrie 

Application of anthropology in business, 
industry, rural development programs, foreign 
and domestic governmental agencies. Ethical/ 
moral problems. Field projects. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

ANC 335 Cultural Ecology 

Relationships between environment and cul- 
tural systems. 

ANC 336 Ethnic Identity 

Prof Hendrick Serrie 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- 
assimilation of minorities, intercultural under- 
standing, communication and interaction. 
Offered every third year. 

ANC 350 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to Museum Work 

Prof Hendrick Serrie 
Hands-on experience with artifacts, cataloging, 
restoring and cleaning, designing and con- 
structing an exhibit based on research. Minimum 
120 hours. Prerequisite: at least one anthro- 
pology course and consent of instructor. 



.\NC 383A Primitive and Folk Art 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Primitive cultures through the perspective of 
art and anthropology. Styles, functions and 
broader cultural contexts. Offered alternate 

AN/IBC 385 The Cultural Environment 
of International Business 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Challenge of conducting business operations 
successfully in a cultural environment distinct 
from one's own. 

ANC 436 Anthropological Theory 

Prof Hendrick Serrie 

Schools of thought on evolution, diversity, 
diffusionism, culture and personality. Prere- 
quisite: one course in anthropology or sociology. 
Offered alternate years. 

ANC 483 Culture From the Inside Out 

Values, perceptions, feeling states and deeply 
rooted assumptions central to experiencing 
and understanding any culture. 

cue 282C East Asian Area Studies 

cue 388C Sino-Soviet Conflict 

For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective Courses. 

GEC 250 (Directed Study) Geography 

GEC 350 (Directed Study) World Regional 

For descriptions see Geography. 


Programs in visual arts are individually designed 
with a Mentor. Every program must include 
Visual Problem Solving and Basic Drawing 
and two courses in art history or aesthetics 
taken outside the discipline. Proficiency in 
drawing and design must be demonstrated in a 
Sophomore show before the required thesis 
show may be undertaken in the Senior year. A 
minor in visual arts is also offered. 

ARA 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Prof James Crane 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing 
skills in spatial organization, relating forms in 
sequence, discovering uniqueness, personal 

approach to solutions, even within narrow, 
arbitrarily prescribed bounds. 

ARA 102 Drawing Fundamentals 

Profs. Arthur Skinner, Margaret Rigg 
For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in 
new ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, 
self-discovery, and self-expression through 
varied drawing media, using as sources the 
figure, still-life, nature, and imagination. 

ARA 205 English Calligraphy I 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

The calligraphy styles of both England and 
America, Introductory survey open to all stu- 
dents regardless of major. 

ARA 206 British Calligraphy I 

Prof Margaret Rigg 

The history and stroke order of certain British 
styles of calligraphy alphabets: Italic, Uncial, 
Copperplate, Foundational, Roman, Gothic, 
Black Letter. 

ARA 207 English Calligraphy II 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Further development of skills in British and 
American alphabets. Prerequisite: 205. 

ARA 222 Clay I 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic 
materials, handforming, recycling, glazing, 
firing. Laboratories with supervised working 
time and lectures on technical knowledge. 

ARA 223 Relief Printing 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

An in-depth investigation of one of the oldest 
print mediums, using linoleum as the primary 
matrix to explore design and graphic imagery 
in both black and white and color. Prerequisite: 
101 or 102. 

ARA 225 Etching 

Prof Arthur Skinner 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard 
and soft grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open 
biting, embossing, and color printing. Experi- 
mentation and an imaginative approach is 
expected. Prerequisites: 101 or 102 and per- 
mission of instructor. 



ARA 228 Painting Workshop 

Prof. James Crane 

Introduction of process of painting with 
emphasis on each student finding his/her own 
imagery, exploring technical means. Any me- 
dium or combination allowed. Prerequisite: 
101 and 102. 

ARA 229 Photography as Image 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking 
and developing black and white photographs. 
No prerequisites, but the student should have 
access to a camera with adjustable aperture 
and shutter speeds. 

ARA 230 Transparent Watercolor Painting 

Prof Margaret Rigg 

Paint under artifical light as well as out of 
doors. Open to beginners and more advanced 
students who have never tried transparent 
watercolor painting. 

ARA 241 Intermediate Drawing 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

A variety of traditional and non-traditional 
drawing media. Visit museums and galleries. 
Prerequisite: 101 and 102. 

ARA 250 (Directed Study) History of the 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

A survey of the history and development of the 
print medium, intended primarily for art stu- 
dents with some background in the graphic 
arts. Counts as one art history credit. 

ARI 300 (Directed Study) Florence: An 
Architectural History of the City 

For description see International Education, 
Italy Offerings. 

ARA 301 Collage and Assemblage 

Prof. James Crane 

Production of two-and three-dimensional ob- 
jects and images, employing various materials, 
exploring the interface between painting and 
sculpturing. Prerequisites: 101 and 102. 

ARA 305 Design and Techniques of 

Fine letterpress printing through a studio 
course in the techniques of platen and cylinder 

ARA 306 British Calligraphy II 

Prof Margaret Rigg 

Further development of skills in one particular 
British alphabet, with its history and various 
uses. Prerequisite: 206. 

ARA 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aes- 
thetic considerations, techniques and critiques. 
Prerequisite: 222 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate semesters. 

ARA 320/420 Studio Critique 

Prof. James Crane 

Maximum of independence vrith regular 
critiques, each student preparing a contract 
for work in media of the student's choice. Class 
used for review of work, field trips and dis- 
cussion. Prerequisites: 101, 102 and any 
media workshop. 

ARA 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious 
work in various drawing media, developing 
their personal mode of expression. Emphasis 
on experimentation with new materials and 
ideas. Must be capable of working indepen- 
dently. Prerequisites: 101, 102 and permission 
of instructor. 

ARA 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Intensive independent projects designed to 
encourage imaginative examination of the local 
environment. Class critiques weekly. Evalua- 
tion on final portfolio of at least 20 finished 
mounted prints exhibiting technical excellence 
and creative insight. Prerequisite: 229. 

ARA 323 Painting Critique 

Prof. James Crane 

Independent work with regular critiques for 
students who have taken Painting Workshop 
or had prior experience in painting. Not for 



ARA 324/5 American Calligraphy I, II 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

A survey of American styles of letterforms: 
Amenu, Shahn, Flourishing Brush, Art Nou- 
veaux, and others used in the U.S.A. 

ARA 326 Plate Lithography 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

An exploration of the basic techniques of 
aluminum plate lithography. Students will be 
expected to produce prints in color as well as 
black and white. Prerequisites: 101 and 102 
and permission of instructor. 

ARA 327 Painting Workshop II 

ARA 328 Painting Workshop III 

Prof James Crane 

Continuation of process begun in 228. Indi- 
vidual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: 228 for 327; 
327 for 328. 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

/Vo/. Margaret Rigg 

Students select one artist and do art works 
and research on the life and times of that artist, 
and make a presentation on both the art works 
and the facts. 

ARA 330 Opaque Watercolor Painting 

Prof Margaret Rigg 

Techniques of gouache and tempera water- 
colors, concentrating on aspects of commercial 
art, illustration and fine art approaches. Pre- 
requisite: 101, 102 and permission of instructor. 

ARA 341 Painting for Calligraphers 

Prof Margaret Rigg 

Special materials and techniques of miniature 
painting and text illumination. Prerequisites: 
101, 102, and 241. Offered alternate years. 

ARA 342 Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: Typography, 
modem print techniques, illustration, photo- 
graphy in advertising, publishing, mass media. 

ARA 420 Studio Critique 

For description see ARA 320. 

ARA 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

Prof James Crane 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, 
self- structured time to work, regular weekly 
meetings, critiques, practice in hanging and 
criticizing shows. Personal, individual discus- 
sion time with instructor. Prerequisite: Senior 
major in art. 

ARI 321 A Art Patronage in London 
1700-c. 1850 

ARI 351 (Directed Study) History of 
English Architecture 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

CRA 201 A Triartic Aesthetics: 
Understanding the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 

For art courses offered in Florence see 
International Education, Italy Offerings. 


For description see Physics. 


Descriptions of autumn term projects are 
published in a separate brochure. 


Required for a major are demonstration of 
basic knowledge and understanding of the 
history, methods and principles of the life 
sciences. This demonstration will be satisfied 
by successful completion of a Senior com- 
prehensive or thesis exam and ordinarily the 
following courses: Marine Invertebrate Biology, 
Plant Biology or Marine and Freshwater 
Botany, Biology of Vertebrates, Cell Biology, 
Genetics, Comparative Physiology, Ecology, 
and an acceptable elective. General Biology 
may substitute as the entry level course. Each 
student must also satisfactorily complete 
Biology Seminar and Concepts of Chemistry I 
and n. Minimal pre-professional requirements 
additionally include Organic Chemistry I and 
n. Calculus I, Physics I and 11, and a course in 



A minor requires five biology courses, not 
including more than two at the 100 level, 
perspective courses (except General Biology), 
or directed or independent studies. At least 
one of the five courses must be at the 300 or 
above level. 

BIN 12 IE General Biology 

Prof. Joel Trexler 

Principles of biological science; scientific 
method; characteristics of and interactions 
between cells, organs, organisms, populations, 
communities and ecoystems. 

BIN 187 Plant Biology 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, 
their place in the ecosystem and responses to 
environmental conditions. Vascular, non-vas- 
cular marine, freshwater and land plants. 
Field trips. 

BIN 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany 

Prof Sheila Hanes 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environ- 
ment. A survey of all plant groups will be 
included. Field trips. 

BIN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Prof John Ferguson 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, 
biological functions and environmental inter- 
actions of animal life in the seas, exploring the 
local area. 

BIN 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Prof John Reynolds 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, 
neo-Darwinian evolution and evolutionary 
features as seen in anatomy of aquatic and 
terrestrial chordates. 

BIN 202 Cell Biology 

Prof William Roess 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as 
the unifying principle linking photosynthesis, 
anaerobic, aerobic respiration and expenditvire 
of energy by the cell. Prerequisites: CHN 121; 
CHN 122 as co-requisite. 

BIN 204 Microbiology 

Prof Sheila Hanes 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological 
techniques, isolation and identification of 
unknown organisms. 

BIN 250 (Directed Study) Exploration in 
Human Nutrition 

Prof Rebecca Ferguson 

Available through summer term or Special 
Programs only. Suitable for non-science majors. 
For students curious about their own nutri- 
tional needs, who may be confused by the 
many myths currently perpetuated in popular 

BIN 301 Ecology 

Prof Joel Trexler 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships 
in natural communities. Field work in nearby 
ponds and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisites: 187, 
189; Corequisite: 303 or 305 or permission of 

BIN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

Prof Joel Trexler 

Systematics, anatomy, physiology, ecology and 
behavior of fishes. Laboratory includes cura- 
tion of a class fish collection and various pro- 
jects. Prerequisite: 200. 

BIN 303 Genetics: Investigative 

Prof William Roess 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from 
historical perspective. Experimental approach 
emphasized. Small lab groups participate in 
experimental design, and develop research 
skills in molecular biology. Prerequisite: CHN 
121/2. BIN 202. Corequisite: CHN 221. 

BIN 304 Comparative Physiology: 

Prof John Ferguson 

Physiological mechanisms of animals and gen- 
eral principles revealed through application of 
comparative methods. Creative project lab to 
develop research skills. Prerequisite: CHN 
121/2, 221. BEN 202, 303. Corequisite: CHN 

BIN 305 Genetics: Interpretive 

F^of William Roess 

See BEN 303. Library research project in place 
of investigative lab. Prerequisite: CHN 121/2, 
BIN 202, or permission of instructor. 



BIN 306 Comparative Physiology: 

Prof. John Ferguson 

See BIN 304. Library research project or in- 
dependent alternative in place of investigative 
lab. Prerequisite: CHN 122/2, BIN 202. 

BIN 307 Biology of Marine Vertebrates 

Prof. John Reynolds 

Classification, characteristics, general ecology 
and current research methodology. Prerequi- 
site: 200. 

BIN 310 Techniques in Electron 

Fh^of. Sheila Hanes 

Research techniques such as tissue preparation, 
sectioning with an ultramicrotome, filming 
observations. Prerequisites: Junior standing, 
science major, permission of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

Prof John Reynolds 

Marine mammal systematics, status, economic 
value, behavior, physiology, population dy- 
namics, evolution, management. Prerequisite: 
BIN 200 and Junior standing. 

BIN 350 (Directed Study) Human 

Prof John Ferguson 

Nerves, muscles, sense and endocrine organs; 
cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, repro- 
ductive, excretory systems; metabolic integra- 
tion. Suitable for biology majors off-campus 
unable to take 304 or 306. Prerequisites: CHN 
122, BIN 202 and permission of instructor. 

BIN 402 Marine Ecology 

Prof Joel Trexler 

Selected aspects of marine systems. Prere- 
quisites: 301 or 307. 

BIN 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Prof Sheila Hanes 

Subjects investigated determined by student 
interest. Prerequisite: 187 or 188. 

BIN 408/NAN 410 Biology Seminar 
(2-year sequence) 

Topical problems in biology especially those 
not fully explored in other areas of the biology 
curriculum. Junior, Senior biology majors par- 
ticipate for one course credit; Sophomores 
invited to attend. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars. 

BIN 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Prof William Roess 

Selected topics from contemporary areas of 
genetics. Gene regulation, oncogenes, immuno- 
genetics, genetic engineering, human genetics. 
Biological and social implications. Prerequisite: 
BIN 303 or 305. 

BIN 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation, Seniors may design and carry 
out a creative research program, usually result- 
ing in a written dissertation which is defended 
in the spring. 

NAN 285E Conservation Biology 

NAN 382E The Oceans and Man 

NAN 383E Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources 

NAN 384E The Human Body as an 

For descriptions see Environmental Per- 
spective Courses. 

See also Marine Science. 

See also Sea Semester. 


A business administration concentration m.ay 
be elected by a student as a skill area within 
the management major. Students electing 
to do so must meet the requirements for the 
management major. See Management for 
descriptions of those requirements and courses. 

BIN 407 Paleobotany 

F*rof Sheila Hanes 

Ancient environments and formation of fossils, 
evolution of plants, research techniques, field 
trips. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 




Students may select from three degree pro- 
grams which include the following course re- 

For the B.A. degree: 

CHN 121/2, 221/2, 320, 321, 326 and one 
upper level chemistry elective. 

For the B.S. degree: 

CHN 121/2, 221/2, 320, 321/2, 326, 424, 
For the B.S. degree (Certified): 

CHN 121/2, 221/2, 320, 321/2, 326, 424, 
426, 429 or 499 and one upper level chem- 
istry elective. 

For any degree, students must also take MAN 
131/2. PHN 141/2 and CHN 428/NAN 410 
Chemistry Senior Seminar. Additionally, stu- 
dents must satisfy the collegium requirement 
of 12 courses for the B.A. degree and 16 courses 
foreitherofthe B.S. degrees. Finally, students 
must maintain a C average or better in courses 
within the chemistry discipline and supporting 

The B.S. (Certified) degree has been approved 
by the American Chemical Society. 

Juniors and Seniors are involved in Experi- 
mental Chemistry I and II, a two-semester 
laboratory program integrating analytical, in- 
organic, instrumental, organic and physical 
chemical methods and techniques. Projects 
undertaken are problem-solving in nature. 

Students desiring a minor in chemistry must 
take 121 and 122 and any three of the following: 
221, 222, 320, 321, 322, 326 and 424. 

CHN 101 E Chemistry and the Environment 

Prof. Alan Soli 

Development of mathematical, conceptual and 
problem-solving skills. Examples from current 
environmental and energy issues. Not recom- 
mended for students who have taken Concepts 
in Chemistry. Prerequisite: high school alge- 

CHN 121 Concepts in Chemistry I 

Principles of modem chemical theory for 
majors in the sciences. Prerequisites: place- 
ment at Calculus I level or MAN 105M with 
grade of C or better. 

CHN 122 Concepts in Chemistry H 

Modem chemical theory of importance to later 
work in chemistry and molecular biology. 
Laboratory includes use of instrumentation 
for pH, redox, spectrophotometric measure- 
ments. Prerequisite: 121 with grade of C or 

CHN 221 Organic Chemistry I 

Prof. David Grove 

First part of two-course sequence dealing with 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds. 
Laboratory on techniques of organic chemistry, 
preparation of several simple organic com- 
pounds. Prerequisite: 122 with grade of C or 

CHN 222 Organic Chemistry II 

Prof David Grove 

Continuation of CHN 221 proceeding to more 
complex functional groups. Laboratory on 
preparation of organic compounds, qualitative 
methods for determination of unknown organic 
substances. Prerequisite: 221 with grade of C 
or better. 

CHN 320 Analytical Chemistry 

Prof Alan Soli 

Modem analytical measurements, separations, 
and instrumentation including acid-base, redox, 
solubility, complexation equilibrian and their 
applications. Prerequisites: CHN 222 or per- 
mission of instructor, and MAN 132. 

CHN 321 Physical Chemistry I 

Prof Reggie Hudson 

Laws of thermodynamics; free energy, chemical 
and heterogeneous equilibrium; solutions of 
electrolytes, non-electrolytes; electrochemis- 
try, chemical kinetic theory. Prerequisites: 
CHN 122, MAN 132, PHN 241/2 or permission 
of instructor. 

CHN 322 Physical Chemistry II 

Prof Reggie Hudson 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic 
and molecular spectroscopy, statistical ther- 
modynamics and some molecular symmetry. 
Prerequisite: 321. 

CHN 326 Experimental Chemistry I: 
Techniques and Instrumentation 

Prof Alan Soli 

Practical application of modem experimental 



techniques and modern chemical instrumen- 
tation. Required of all chemistry majors, nor- 
mally in the Junior year. Prerequisites: 320 
and 321. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars. 

CHN 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Prof. David Grove 

Infrared, ultraviolet, nuclear magnetic reso- 
nance and mass spectroscopy; advanced syn- 
thetic methods, elucidation of reaction mech- 
anism, stereochemistry, molecular rearrange- 
ments and orbital theory. Prerequisites: 222 
and 322. 

CHN 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

Electronic structure and properties of the 
atom, among them covalent bond, stereo- 
chemistry, solid state, acid-base, thermody- 
namics; reaction mechanisms, non-aqueous 
solvents, borron hydride chemistry. Prerequi- 
site: 322 or permission of instructor. For Senior 
chemistry majors. 

CHN 425 Biochemistry 

Prof David Grove 

Structure, function, metabolism, thermody- 
namic relationship of chemical entities in living 
systems. Quantitative aspects through com- 
puter modeling of biological systems. Prereq- 
uisite: 222. 

CHN 426 Experimental Chemistry II: 
Advanced Techniques 

Continuation of CHN 326. One year lab course 
on sophisticated techniques of experimental 
chemistry culminating in research project. 
Required of all B.S. chemistry majors in Senior 
year. Prerequisites: 322 and 326. 

CHN 428/NAN 410 Chemistry Seminar 
(2-year sequence) 

For Junior and Senior chemistry majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of 
two years of participation. Continuation in 
seminar contingent on satisfactory progress in 
upper division courses. 

CHN 429 Senior Research in Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the 

major areas of chemistry. Elective for B.A. or 
B.S. in Senior year, required for non-thesis 
B.S. (Certified) chemistry majors. Prerequisite: 
326 and permission. 

CHN 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may 
be invited to do independent research with a 
member of the chemistry staff during their 
Senior year, and write and defend a research 
thesis before a thesis committee. 

NAN 28 IE Environmental Chemistry and 


NAN/LTL 283E The Growth and Nature 

of Scientific View^s 

NAN 386E Toward the Year 2025 

For descriptions see Environmental Per- 
spective Courses. 


CRA/THA 140 Mass Communications 

The role of the media in society with focus on 
newspapers, magazines, radio and television, 
and the ways in which the media shape our 
thinking and behavior. 


Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three 
areas: five courses in a Uterature (commonly 
Enghsh and/or American), three courses in a 
foreign language (such as French, German or 
Spanish), of which at least two are literature 
courses, and two courses in a second foreign 
language (at any level) , or in another discipline 
(such as history, religion, philosophy, etc.), or 
in an approved specialty (world literature in 
translation, myth, the Don Juan tradition, etc.). 
Students should have one course using com- 
parative methodology. Linguistics and literary 
criticism are recommended. 


The composition courses are designed to help 
students become better writers. AH composition 
courses involve students in continuous ap- 
praisal of their writing. See page 16 for a 
complete description of the writing requirement 
for graduation. All composition courses assist 
students in preparing portfolios for the writing 
competency evaluation. 


Computer Science 

Native speakers of English may take two 
composition courses for credit; non-native 
speakers may take three composition courses 
for credit. 

FDF 121 Composition I 

Introduces the writing process and helps stu- 
dents to understand and write several types of 
expository essays, concentrating on organiza- 
tion, content and mechanics. Limited enroll- 

FDF 122 Composition II 
Reviews several essay types and continues to 
develop the writer's skills. Limited enrollment 

FDF 123 Composition III 

Continued development for those students 
requiring it 


The course requirements for the computer 
science major are composed of two parts — 
the program core, and the program special- 
ization. The program core is a structured 
sequence of four computer science courses 
(Introduction to Computer Science, Data 
Structures, Computer Systems, Theory of 
Computing) and four mathematics courses 
(Calculus 1, Discrete Mathematics, Statistics, 
Linear Algebra). The program specialization, 
composed of four computer science electives 
numbered 310 or greater pursued during the 
Junior and Senior years, is less structured, 
allowing the student to emphasize his or her 
special interests. The Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior 
years. This is a total of 1 2 courses (not including 
the seminar) for the Bachelor of Arts. Four 
additional natural science courses from ad- 
vanced computer science (300 level or above), 
mathematics or physics, are required for the 
Bachelor of Science. 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (com- 
puter science and mathematics). Combinatorial 
Mathematics may be substituted for Discrete 
Mathematics, and Probability and Statistics I 
for Statistics. 

A minor in computer science requires comple- 
tion of 143M, 221, 222 and two computer sci- 
ence courses numbered 300 or above. 

CSN 103M Computer Algorithms and 
Programming in BASIC 

Problems from many fields suitable for com- 
puters; analyzing, devising algorithms for so- 
lutions. Suggested for students who intend to 
take only one computer course. Credit will not 
be given for both this course and a winter term 
project in Basic. 

CSN 143M Introduction to Computer 

History of computing: overview of the elements 
of a computer system; problem solving and 
algorithm development; Pascal programming 
for numeric and non-numeric problems. Pre- 
requisites: placement at the Calculus I level. 

CSN 201 Fortran Programming 

Problem solving using the Fortran language. 
Prerequisites: 103M or 143M or permission of 

CSN/MNB 202 Cobol Programming 

Problem solving using the Cobol language. Pre- 
requisites: 103M or 143M or consent of in- 

CSN 2108 Computers and Society 

History of computing; social, ethnical and legal 
impact of computers on society; overview of 
the operation, use, and programming of a com- 

CSN 221 Data Structures 

Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes 
of problems solvable through well defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, 
recursion, lists, linked Hsts, trees, searching 
and sorting. Prerequisites: 143M. 

CSN 222 Computer Systems 

Assembly language and basic concepts of com- 
puter systems including architecture, operating 
systems, translators and digital logic. Prereq- 
uisite: 221. 

CSN 301 Theory of Computing 

Prof. George Lofquist 

Abstract basis of computing machines and 
languages; introduction to finite automata, 
formal languages, Turing machines, and com- 
plexity theory. Prerequisites: CSN 221 and 
MAN 143. 


Creative Writing 

CSN 310 Computer Architecture 

Prof. Edmund Gallizzi 

Architectural and hardware elements of com- 
puting machines; central processing unit in- 
cluding micro-machine, registers, data paths, 
arithmetic logic unit, control unit, micropro- 
gramming; memory including implementation, 
virtual memory, content addressable memory, 
cache; input/output including disks, tapes, 
serial communications and networks. Prereq- 
uisite: 222. 

CSN 320 Programming Languages 

Prof. Mark Fishman 

Nature and implementation of programming 
languages including qualities and character- 
istics of languages, methods of implementation, 
execution models and environments; survey of 
programming languages. Prerequisite: 222. 

CSN 321 Software Engineering 

Prof Mark Fishman 

Properties of software systems; software system 
design and development principles; specifica- 
tions; models; software tools, monitoring meth- 
ods; group programming project for a large 
software system. Prerequisite: 222. 

CSN/MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 
For description see Mathematics. 

CSN 360 Database System 

Prof Edward Stevens 

Conceptual modeUng of data systems; organ- 
ization of database systems; storage and re- 
trieval of data in the database; database design 
and administration. Prerequisite: 222. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars. 

CSN 411 Operating Systems 

Prof Edmund Gallizzi 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memory 
management, virtual systems, interprocess 
communication, scheduling algorithms, pro- 
tection and security, deadlocks; case studies 
of operating systems. Prerequisite: 222. 

CSN 420 Translators and Compilers 

Prof George Lofquist 

Theory and implementation of high-level lan- 
guage virtual machines including assemblers, 
macro expansion, compilers and interpreters; 
syntactic and semantic models. Prerequisite: 


NAN 438/410 Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar (2 year sequence) 

For description see Mathematics. 

CSN 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Fi-of Mark Fishman 

Knowledge representation; predicate calculus; 
rule-based deductions; searching methods; 
applications of understanding; programming 
languages and databases for artificial intelli- 
gence. Prerequisite: 222. 

CSN 499 Computer Science Independent 
Research - Thesis 

Seniors majoring in computer science may, 
upon invitation of the computer science fac- 
ulty do research and write a thesis under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. The sub- 
mission of the resulting written thesis and an 
oral defense will, upon approval of the com- 
puter science faculty, satisfy the comprehen- 
sive examination requirement for graduation. 
Prerequisites: excellence in computer science 
courses through the Junior year and invitation 
by the faculty. 

See also Mathematics. 


The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers — students who think of themselves 
primarily as writers and students for whom 
writing will be an important avocation. Stu- 
dents develop their curriculum individually in 
consultation with the Mentor. Course work 
varies considerably, but normally must include 
six courses in literature (while this is a minimum, 
creative writing majors usually elect to take 
more than this). At least three workshops are 
required: fiction, poetry, and one of the follow- 
ing: playwriting, travel writing, journal writing, 
or children's hterature. Seniors are required 
to complete a thesis, a compilation of the stu- 
dent's best work in any combination of genres. 


Creative Writing 

WWA 201 Writing Workshop: Criticism 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Writing reviews of new books in poetry and 
fiction, for different audiences; mass news- 
paper, middlebrow magazines, scholarly jour- 
nals. Compare and analyze student reviews 
with reviews by professionals. 

WWA 228 Writing Workshop: The Short 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Students' stories read aloud and discussed in 
class. Emphasis on rewriting, critical principles 
and development of works through several 
phases of composition. Students may take this 
course more than once for credit. 

WWA 2/3/429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

Profs. Nancy Carter, Peter Meinke 

Forms and techniques in poetry. Students sub- 
mit their poems for discussion, review, and 
rewriting. Familiarity with current poetry is 

WWA 2/3/430 Poetry Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Concentrates exclusively on formal poetry: 
sonnet, blank verse, sestina, rhymed forms. 
Permission of the instructor required. 

WWA 231 Writing Workshop: Children's 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Reading and writing fiction and verse, explor- 
ing possibilities of children's literature. Stu- 
dents bring their own work to class for dis- 
cussion and evaluation. Open to all, preference 
given to upperclass students. 

WWA 240 Light Verse/Tall Tales 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Write humorous verse and fiction in such forms 
as the clerihew, epigram, limerick, tall tale. 
Read classic and contemporary examples of 
humorous writing. 

WWA 261 Writing Workshop: Travel 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Reading and writing about travel. Students 
will read classics in travel writing by authors 
like McPhee, Fussell, Hoagland, etc. and write 
their own articles to be discussed in the work- 

WWA 300 Writing Workshop: Tutorial 

Prof Sterling Watson 

Daily meetings with instructor to discuss pro- 
gress in all genres. Periodic group discussions. 
Prerequisite: one writing workshop and per- 
mission of instructor. 

WWA 302 A Rhetoric of Film 

Prof Sterling Watson 

Film as an art form, its history, typology, tech- 
nology and symbology. How films are made, by 
whom, and out of what visions of the world. 

WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: 
The Intimate Connection 

Prof Nancy Carter 

Journals, diaries and letters as related to the 
creative process. Practice and discuss various 
journaling techniques, writing our own jour- 

WWA 329 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

See WWA 229. 

WWA 330 Poetry Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

See WWA 230. 

WWA 333 Writing Workshop: Advanced 

Prof Sterling Watson 

At least two student works written, revised 
and discussed in seminar setting. Discussions 
of short stories by masters, articles on writing. 
Visits by local writers. Prerequisite: 228 or 
permission of instructor. 

WWA 334 Writing Workshop: One-Act 

Prof Sterling Watson 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, in- 
cluding traditional and experimental forms. 
Each student will write at least two plays, to be 
read and discussed in class. Production of 
original plays encouraged. 

WWA 335 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Poetry 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Read and discuss poetry and commentary, as 
well as original student poems. Write formally 
or in free verse. Suggestions for submitting 
poetry to journals and editors. Prerequisite: 
WWA 229 or 230 or permission of instructor. 

Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 

WWA 429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

See WWA 229. 

WWA 430 Writing Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

See WWA 230. 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an introduction to a culture or cultures 
different from the student's own, to increase 
knowledge of the richness and diversity of 
human social existence and, in so doing, pro- 
vide greater insights into the strengths and 
weaknesses of the student's own cultural per- 
spective. A semester of study abroad may 
also satisfy this requirement. 

ANC 203C Cultures of the Middle East 
ANC 204C Prehistoric Cultures of Florida 
ANC 207C Chinese Communist Society 
ANC 286C Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 
ANC 334C Applied Anthropology 
For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CUC/WHF 183C United States Area 

For description see Western Heritage. 

cue 282C East Asian Area Studies 

Profs. Gilbert Johnston, 
Hendrick Serrie 

Examination of the more enduring features of 
China and Japan, through art, architecture, 
Hterature, customs, rehgious beliefs and intel- 
lectual traditions. 

cue 283C Soviet Area Studies 

Prof. William Parsons 

Understanding Russians as people, Russia's 
contribution to Western civilization, the im- 
pact of the Bolshevik Revolution on Russian 
society and the role of the Soviet Union in the 
world today. 

cue 388C The Sino-Soviet Conflict 

Profs. William Parsons, 
Hendrick Serrie 

Historical roots of enmity between China and 
Russia, values inherent in their culture and 
society; ideological, territorial and strategic 

conflicts. Role of Sino-Soviet conflict in Amer- 
ican foreign policy. Offered every third year. 

ECB 283C International Economic 

For description see Economics. 

HIL 203C Europe in Transition: 1300- 

HIL 204C Foundations of Contempo- 
rary Europe: 1815-1845 

HIC 232C World History to Columbus 

HIC 233C Global History in the Modern 

HIC 264C The History of the Two St. 

HIL 36 IC An Introduction to Modern 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 379C Florence Seminar 

For description see International Education, 
Italy Offerings. 

INI 389C British Seminar 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

MNB 334C Industrial and Organizational 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

POB 103C Introduction to International 

POB 104C Introduction to Comparative 

POB 2 lie U.S. Foreign Policy and Latin 

POB 32 1 C Comparative European Politics 

For descriptions see Political Science. 

REL 203C Old Testament Judaism 

REL 204C New Testament Christianity 

REC 220C Life and Death in Indian Hindu 

REC 240C Non- Western Religions 

REL 242C Archaeology and the Bible 

REC 343C Religions of China and Japan 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 


Directed Study Courses 


For descriptions, see the appropriate disci- 
pline. Copies of directed study syllabi are avail- 
able in the Registrar's office. 

ANC 250/1 Introduction to Anthropology 

ANC 350 Introduction to Museum Work 

ARA 250 History of the Print 

ARI 300 Florence: An Architectiu-al History 
of the City 

ARI 351 A History of English 

BIN 250 Explorations in Human 

BIN 350 Human Physiology 

CRA 410 Creative Arts Senior Seminar 

(by academic petition only) 

ECB 387 Urban Economics 

ECI 450 History of Economic Thought 

GEC 250 Geography 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 

GRC 250/1 Intermediate German: 
Grammar Review 

GR/LIC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

GRC 350 German Phonetics 

GR/LIC 351 Life and Works of Franz 

GRC 405 German Culture in North 

HIC 250 Japanese Cultural History 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 

HIL 253 United States History 

HIL/I 310 History of England to 1714 

HIL/I 311 History of Modern Britain 

Since 1714 

HIL/I 312 History of London 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historian's View of our Times 

HIL 350 History of the British Empire- 
Commonwealth Since 1783 

HIL 351 The Industrial Revolution in 

HIL 352 The Progressive Movement 

INI 350 The Maritime Heritage of 

HRA 321 Practicum in Leisure Services 

JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives 
on Contemporary Issues (by academic 
petition only) 

LIA 250A Children's Literature 

LIL 250 Shakespeare: The Forms of 
His Art 

LIA 2/352 American Fiction: 1950 to the 

LII 300 Florentine Literature 

LI/GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

LIA 334 Twentieth Century European 

LIA 350A Modern American Novel 

LIA 351 Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers 

LI/GRC 351 Life and Works of Franz 

LI/SPC 450/1 Artistry of Federico Garcia 

MUA 350 Twentieth Century Music 

NAN 150 The Universe 

NAN 151 The World of Life 

NAN 251 Futures of Humanity: Worlds of 
Science Fiction 

For descriptions see Physics. 

PLI 351 History of Science in Great 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain i 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 

REL 242C Archaeology of the Bible 

REL 251 Introduction to the Old 

REL 252 Introduction to the New 

REL 253 Life and Teachings of Jesus 

SPC 250 Practicum in Spanish Teaching 

SPC 401 Modem Spanish Novel 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 

SP/LIC 451/2 Artistry of Federico Garcia 

THA 250 Video Practicum 

THA 450 Alternate Theatre 

WHF 184 Honors Western Heritage (with 
permission only) 




A concentration in East Asian Area Studies 
may be planned through a supervising com- 
mittee of three faculty members. 

cue 282C East Asian Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Perspec- 


In addition to the collegial requirement of sta- 
tistics, students majoring in economics are 
required to take a minimum of eight economics 
courses, the Senior Seminar in Economics, 
and Calculus I. All students will take Principles 
of Microeconomics, Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics, Intermediate Microeconomics, Inter- 
mediate Macroeconomics and History of 
Economic Thought. In addition, students will 
choose three economics electives from a list of 
approved courses. Students must maintain a 
C average in upper level courses to success- 
fully complete the major. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, 
either Intermediate Micro or Macroeconomics 
(or an approved substitute) and two upper- 
level economics courses. 

ECB 281S Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. 
Industrial structure and pricing under different 
competitive structures. Cost-benefit analysis 
applied to environmental quality decisions. 
Required of all students majoring in eco- 

ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (comsumers, 
business and government) focusing on policy. 
Monetary and fiscal policy, inflation, recession, 
balance of payments. Required for all students 
majoring in economics. 

ECB 283C International Economic 

Prof. Diana Fuguitt 

The international economy since World War 
n. Japanese, European, African, Asian, Latin 
American, role of multinational corporations. 
The politics shaping economic relations be- 
tween countries. 

ECB 30 IS Human and Social Economics 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

How humans and community groups interact, 
the methods they create to bring shared values 
to fruition. The creation and operation of insti- 
tutions as they affect social and economic 

ECB 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 

Prof Diana Fuguitt 

Continuation of 28 IS. Consumer demand 
theory pricing and output decisions of indus- 
tries and firms using simple mathematical and 
geometric models; price and output adjust- 
ments. Prerequisite: 28 IS. Required for all 
students majoring in economics. 

ECB 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

F*rof Tom Oberhofer 

Continuation of 282 S. Determinants of aggre- 
gate demand and supply, using dynamic and 
static models of analysis. How to use an under- 
standing of economic analysis to achieve policy 
objectives and understand trade-offs. Prereq- 
uisites: ECB 282S and BEE 260M. 

ECB 383 Labor Economics 

Prof Tom Oberhofer 

Labor markets, wage and employment deter- 
minations, human capital theory, economics 
of discrimination, labor market forecasting, 
role of unions. Prerequisites: ECB 281S and 
BEE 260M. 

ECB 384 Managerial Economics 

FYof Peter Hammerschmidt 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and 
statistics in business decision making. Opti- 
mization techniques under conditions of un- 
certainty. Selecting the "best" solutions to 
business problems. Prerequisites: ECE 281S 
and BEE 260M. 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Prof Diana Fuguitt 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies 
compared to show how different institutional 
arrangements lead to different ways of making 
economic decisions. Soviet Union, Eastern 
European nations. People's Republic of China 
included. Prerequisite: 281S or282S. 



ECB 386 Money, Banking and Financial 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

History and development of monetary system 
and financial structure. Money creation and 
influence on macroeconomic activity. Monetary 
policy implications of regulatory agencies. 
Prerequisite: 282S. 

ECB 387 Urban Economics 

(Directed Study available) 

Prof. Diana Fuguitt 

Urban growth and decay, location decisions, 
land use. Transportation, crime, housing, dis- 
crimination and segregation, and the urban 
financial crisis. Prerequisite: 28 IS. 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

Prof Diana Fuguitt 

Factors which contribute to or retard economic 
development, investigating the cultural and 
poHtical as well as economic aspects of devel- 
opment. Prerequisites: 28 IS or 282S. 

ECB 389 Natural Resource Economics 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and eval- 
uating natural resource and environmental 
pohcy issues. Developing models for optimum 
resources use: land, water, energy, their devel- 
opment, allocation, pricing. Prerequisite: 

ECB 410 Senior Seminar in Economics 

Application of economic phenomena to current 
micro and macro economic issues. Economic 
analysis and issues underlying public decision 
making. Project aimed at reinforming under- 
standing of economic research methodologies. 

ECB 480 International Economics: Foreign 

Prof Diana Fuguitt 

Theory, operation, government policies, bal- 
ance of international payments, exchange-rate 
adjustments, interrelationship between macro- 
economy and international economy. Prereq- 
uisite: 282S. 

ECB 482 Seminar in Business Cycles 

Prof Tom Oberhofer 

Theoretical and research topics in business 
cycles and economic forecasting. Business 
cycle forecasting techniques and models. Pre- 
requisites: BEE 260M and ECB 382. 

ECB 484 Public Finance 

Prof Tom Oberhofer 

PubUc choice theory and fiscal operations of 
federal, state and local governments. American 
tax system, government expenditure patterns, 
policy options for deaUng with such problems 
as poverty, education and economic growth. 
Prerequisite: 281S or 282S. 

ECB 486 History of Economic Thought 

Prof Peter Hammerschmidt 

Economic ideas as developed and expounded 
by Western economists. The teachings of the 
mercantilists, physiocrats, Adam Smith, 
Malthus, Ricardo, Mill, Marx, Marshall, Ger- 
man and American schools of thought. Pre- 
requisite: 28 IS or permission of instructor. 

ECB 488 International Economics 

Prof Diana Fuguitt 

International trade, finance theory and pohcy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange- 
rate adjustments, nature of gains from trade, 
U.S. commercial pohcy. Prerequisites: 281S 
and 282S and permission of instructor. 

BEB 368S Utopias 

For description see Social Relations Per- 

ECI 30 IS Economics and Social Problems 
in Britain 

ECI 450 (Directed Study) History of 
Economic Thought 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 


Students must apply for admission to the 
Teacher Education program through the Di- 
rector of Teacher Education, who is respon- 
sible for all programs approved by the Florida 
State Department of Education. Students con- 
sidering teaching as a possible profession or 
education as a field of study should contact the 
Director of Teacher Education in the Crea- 
tive Arts Collegium prior to the Junior year 
(preferably in the spring of the Sophomore 
year), and request a copy of The Education 
Student Handbook. The handbook outlines 
all guidelines and requirements for teacher 
certification programs. 



The Florida legislature has mandated entrance 
requirements for all Teacher Education pro- 
grams in the State. To be eligible to apply to 
the Eckerd College Teacher Education pro- 
gram, students must have attained a minimum 
combined S.A.T. score of 900, and both verbal 
and mathematics scores must exceed 450. 
Students must have earned a minimum grade 
point average of B or 2.8 on all college level 
work. A mathematics course is also required of 
all students. 

Elementary Education 

The elementary education major is designed 
for those students who wish to work within the 
pubUc school setting. Students majoring in 
elementary education will complete 15 gen- 
eral education courses, with not fewer than 
two courses and not more than four courses 
earned in each of the following areas: com- 
munication (two to four courses); human 
adjustment (four courses); biological or phys- 
ical sciences (one course); mathematics (one 
course); social sciences (two to four courses); 
humanities (two courses); and applied arts 
(two courses). The major also requires seven 
professional education courses and a compre- 
hensive examination. Students are expected 
to study off campus in a culture other than 
their own. Students majoring in elementary 
education must meet all requirements stated 
in The Education Student Handbook. 

Secondary Education 

Eckerd College has approved programs for 
secondary education in art and music (K-12), 
and biology, Enghsh, French, German, history, 
mathematics, political science, psychology, 
social studies and Spanish (7-12). The 7-12 
certification programs include completion of 
six courses in professional education and suf- 
ficient required courses to qualify for a major 
in the content area. For K-12 certification in 
art and music the student must complete the 
aforementioned program and one course in 
Teaching and Learning: Theory and Practice. 
Students seeking secondary certification must 
meet all requirements stated in The Educa- 
tion Student Handbook. 

EDA 202 S Development of the Child in 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Explores patterns of social and personality 

development. Students build connections 
between texts, lectures and their own develop- 

EDA 2058 Introduction to Peace Studies 

Prof. Robert Zuber 

The arms race, world order, economic justice, 
non-violent strategies and conflict resolution, 
and how they affect the future of the globe. 

ED/PSA 207 Group Dynamics 

Prof Kathryn Watson 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, 
including participation, observation and analy- 
sis; investigation of roles of group members, 
transitional stages, leadership, and group func- 

EDA 324 Teaching and Learning: Theory 
and Practice 

Prof. Robert Zuber 

Students demonstrate and apply understand- 
ing of learning theory to models of teaching 
and counseling. For those who will teach, 
counsel or minister to other persons, within an 
intellectual framework. Prerequisites: PSB 

EDA 325 Teaching Reading and the 
Language Arts 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Examines learning styles and strategies in rela- 
tion to the content areas of reading and the 
language arts. Students plan and implement 
lessons in a public elementary school class- 

EDA 326 Elementary School Education 

Prof Kathryn Watson 

Ovei^dew of elementary school education. 
Examines learning styles and strategies in rela- 
tion to the content areas of social studies, 
science and mathematics. Students plan and 
implement lessons in a public school class- 

EDA 328 S The School: Locus of Culture 
and Change 

Prof Kathryn Watson 

The sociological foundations of education are 
explored using ethnographic techniques. Stu- 
dents study schools as cultures, investigate 
and apply change strategies, and complete a 
field study. 


Engineering and Applied Science 

EDA 329S Great Teachers 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

The lives of two great teachers, Socrates and 
Jesus, and six selected others who have made 
a dramatic impact on human social behavior, 
identifying the variable in the life of each that 
produced excellence. Design a model for living 
a life of leadership and service and apply it to a 
local community leader. 

EDA 334S From Jefferson to Jane Adams: 
Educational and Cultural Change in 19th 
Century America 

Prof. Robert Zuber 

Major thinkers who altered the economic and 
intellectual life of America, and major cultural 
controversies including Darwinism, the modem 
university, enfranchisement of women and 
blacks, rise of corporations, liberalized religious 
life, compulsory schooling. 

EDA 335S Family, Church and School in 
the Modern Age: Legal and Philosophical 

Prof Robert Zuber 

Three social institutions that have traditionally 
cared for and nurtured the young. Needs and 
rights of the young and how parents, clergy 
and educators have responded. Areas of in- 
stitutional strife including religious/values 
education, textbook controversies, methods 
of discipline. 

EDA 336A Frames of Mind: the Study of 
Multiple Intelligences 

Prof Kathryn Watson 

Examine Howard Gardner's proposal that all 
persons are born with the potential to develop 
a multiplicity of inteUigences, most of which 
are overlooked in testing. Nature of intelligence, 
credibihty of testing, idea of giftedness. Meet- 
ings with gifted individuals. 

EDA/PSA 421 Educational Psychology 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 

Surveys the psychological foundations of edu- 
cation and applies these to the classroom 
setting. Includes student-led seminars and 
presentations, and in-school observations. 
Required for teacher certification. Prerequisites: 
PSB lOlS, EDA 2028 or PSB 202, ED/PSA 

EDA 422/3/4 Professional Elementary 

Profs. Molly Ransbury, Kathryn Watson 

Professional semester for elementary educa- 
tion interns; provides for practical experience 
in teaching at both the primary and interme- 
diate elementary school level. Prerequisite: 
permission of instructor. 

EDA 431 Secondary Education Methods 

Prof Robert Zuber 

Experience in theory and practice of instruc- 
tional methodologies. Pre-intemship in public 
school assisting in instruction, tutoring small 
groups, teaching. Prerequisite: permission of 

EDA 435/6/7 Professional Education 

Prof Robert Zuber 

Nine weeks of full time student teaching pre- 
ceded by instruction in A-V materials, special 
methods of teaching, curriculum, school ad- 
ministration and recent innovations. Prereq- 
uisites: PSB lOlS and EDA 431, and permis- 
sion of instructor. 


Students who wish to pursue a dual-degree 
program should consult with Professor Edmund 
Gallizzi as early as possible in their academic 

For description see page 12. 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
enhance knowledge of the physical and bio- 
logical world, to help the student make in- 
formed value judgments concerning the en- 
vironmental consequences of personal and 
social actions. 

BIN 12 IE General Biology 

For description see Biology. 

CHN lOlE Chemistry and the 

For description see Chemistry. 


Environmental Perspective Courses 

HRA 208E Basic Concepts in Wellness 
and Holistic Health 

For description see Human Resources. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

For description see Literature. 

LTL/NAN 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

Profs. Peter Pau and Reggie Hudson 
Based on Jacob Bronowski's film series The 
Ascent of Man amplified by lectures, demon- 
strations, laboratory work, discussions, re- 
search and supplementary reading. 

LTL 303E The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

Prof. Peter Pau 

The 17th century Scientific Revolution as a 
redirection of Western society from theo- 
centrism to scientific secularism. Copernicus, 
Kepler, Galileo, Bacon, Boyle, Descartes', 


MSN 119E Introduction to Oceanography 
MSN 207E Introduction to Geology 
MSN 208E Environmental Geology 
MSN 308E Introduction to Meteorology 

For descriptions see Marine Science. 

NAN 209E Our Environment: The 

Prof Wilbur Block 

Physical principles and applications which 
help students appreciate the interactions of 
humans with the environment and universe. 
Theories of the origin and evolution of environ- 
ment and gUmpses of the future. 

NAN 244E Energy and Environment 

Prof Harry Ellis 

Options available to societies in producing 
energy, the consequences of each choice, and 
the different sets of values implicit in the 

NAN 28 IE Environmental Chemistry 
and Society 

Prof Alan Soli 

Issues such as air and water pollution, pesti- 
cides, residues and nuclear energy. Social, 
economic and legal considerations. Minimal 
scientific background expected. Not recom- 
mended for students who have taken Concepts 
of Chemistry. 

NAN 282E The Long Journey 

FYof Irving Foster 

Evolutionary history of the universe, forma- 
tion of elements, galaxies, stars and planets, 
chemical evolution leading to life and biologi- 
cal evolution culminating in consciousness as 
expressed in the imagination and intellect of 

NAN/LTL 283 E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

For description see LTL/NAN 283E above. 

NAN 285E Conservation Biology 

Prof Joel Trexler 

Such problems as population size, genetically 
engineered organisms and refuge design draw- 
ing from the fields of ecology, biogeography 
and population genetics, and how they affect 
government and institutional poUcy. Sopho- 
more or above standing. 

NAN 382E The Oceans and Man 

Prof John Ferguson 

Introduction to oceanography; sea water, 
waves, tides, currents, weather, etc. Current 
issues in fisheries, mariculture, oil and mineral 
development, coastal use. Influence of the seas 
on the development of civiUzation. 

NAN 383E Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources 

Prof Sheila Hanes 

Human involvement with environments past, 
present and fuUire; inter-relationships between 
organisms and environments and their impact 
on humans; ethical ways of dealing with these 
issues. Field trips. 



NAN 384E The Human Body as an 

Profs. Howard Carter and John Reynolds 

Techniques for maintaining a healthy body; 
human anatomy, physiology, nutrition, exercise, 
ways to monitor health; reaction to alcohol, 
drugs, and stress. 


This concentration may be elected by a stu- 
dent as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing finance must meet 
requirements for the management major. See 
Management for description of those require- 
ments and courses. 

NAN 386E Toward the Year 2025 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

Diverse problems facing mankind now and in 
the future, and the scientific and technological 
contributions that have considerable impact 
on feasible solutions. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

For description see Philosophy. 

REC 386E The Human Environment: 
Religious and Ethical Perspectives 

For description see Religious Studies. 


A student may plan an Environmental Stud- 
ies program which will fit individual needs 
under the guidance and approval of a faculty 
supervisory committee. Several particular 
areas of study are especially pertinent to 
environmental studies. These include but are 
not limited to: Invertebrate Zoology, Botany, 
Ecology, Advanced Topics in Ecology, Chem- 
istry I and II, Statistics, Precalculus Skills, 
Computer Programming, Social Psychology 
and Cultural Anthropology. For either a B.A. 
or B.S. degree, students will ordinarily be 
expected to do a Senior thesis concerning some 
aspect of the local environment. Additional 
supporting courses in the natural and/or be- 
havioral sciences will be recommended de- 
pending upon the specific direction a student 
wishes to take. 

Students may obtain emphasis in Earth Sci- 
ences by selecting courses in geology, ocean- 
ography and astronomy along with a broad 
selection of courses in chemistry, biology and 
physics and specific in-depth study in one of 
the disciplines of the natural sciences. The 
student's program will be under the guidance 
and approval of a faculty supervisory com- 



FIH 301 The History of Ideas, I 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellec- 
tual heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic 
disciplines, sources of creativity, social and 
cultural factors, key individuals. Variety of 
learning methods. Prerequisite: Junior standing 
and selection as a Ford Scholar. 

FIH 302 The History of Ideas, II 

Continuation of FIH 301 covering nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries and culminating in a 
major project that draws on students' know- 
ledge of history to address a significant intel- 
lectual problem of the future. Prerequisite: 
FIH 301 and selection as a Ford Scholar. 

FSS 410 Ford Senior Scholars Colloquium 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice 
Scholars program. Shared reflections on issues 
pertaining to research, teaching, and other 
aspects of teaching as a career. Participation 
both fall and spring semesters for a total of one 
course credit, 


For a major in French, eight French courses 
beyond the intermediate level are required. 
Two of those courses maybe in French- related 
areas, but must have the approval of the French 
faculty if they are to count. Two of the eight 
courses must deal with French literature before 
the mid-nineteenth century. Study abroad 
during the Junior year in Avignon at the In- 
stitute for American Universities (with which 
Eckerd College is affiliated) is strongly recom- 

For a minor in French, five courses beyond the 
elementary level are required. At least one of 
those courses must be at the 400 level. Any 
student minoring in French is urged to spend a 
winter term or a summer studying in France. 


FRC 101/2 Elementary French 

Introduction to French for students with little 
or no training in the language. Three classes 
and two laboratory sessions per week. 

FRC 201/2 Intermediate French 

Developing oral and written control of French. 
Grammar, conversations and short essays in 
French. Prerequisite: 102 or two years of high 
school French. 

FRC 301 Introduction to Literary Analysis 

Reading and discussing modem French writers, 
including drama, fiction and poetry. Grammar 
review, vocabulary development. Classes in 
French, essay exams in English, laboratory 
work. Prerequisite: 202 or equivalent. 

FRC 302 Advanced Composition and 

A refinement of student mastery of structure 
and vocabulary, with emphasis on the ability 
to communicate en Francais orally and in 
writing. Laboratory work as needed. Prereq- 
uisite: 202 or equivalent. 

FRC 303 History of French Civilization 

Readings, lectures and discussions in French 
from the Gallic nation and its conquest by 
Rome to the defeats and victories of French 
culture during our century. Prerequisite: 202 
or equivalent. 

FRC 304 French Theater on Stage 

Practice understanding, learning and reciting 
passages in plays from 1 7 th century to modem 
works, to improve oral communication skills in 
French. Prerequisite: 202 or equivalent. 

FRC 401 French Literature in Formation 

From the emergence of the French language in 
the middle ages to the splendid epoch of French 
Classicism, exploring how a theme, topic or 
genre emerged as a powerful influence in 
France's later literary tradition. Prerequisite: 
301 or 303 or equivalent. 

FRC 402 Enlightenment and Revolution 

Authors who formed attitudes about the right- 
ful place of "man" in the world, decried super- 
stition and violence, or undermined authority 
throughout the 18th century and beyond the 
Revolution into the 19th. Prerequisite: 301 or 
303 or equivalent. 

FRC 403 Topics in Modern French 

One or possibly two limited topics in this broad 
area each semester. Prerequisite: 301 or 303 
or equivalent. 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

Discover, analyze and discuss various aspects 
of French literature, with unifying motifs. Pre- 
requisite: 301 or 303 or equivalent. 

FRC 405 Commercial French 

Learn the style and vocabulary specific to 
French business. Basic workings of the French 
economy, and business terms. Prerequisite: 
two courses from among 301-304. 

Semester Abroad in France 
See International Education. 


GEC 250 (Directed Study) Geography 

Concepts, theories and substantive material 
of modem geography. Relationship between 
material environment and human cultural 

GEC 350 (Directed Study) World 
Regional Geography 

Relationship of human activities to natural 
environment on world-wide basis. Soils, land 
forms, climate, vegetation, minerals and the 
cultural systems of different areas of the 


For description see Marine Science. 




A student who wishes to major in German 
language and literature must complete eight 
courses in that subject beyond elementary 
German. The student must also complete a 
reading list of major German authors or works 
not covered by course offerings. Study abroad 
is strongly recommended. 

GRC 101/2 Elementary German 

Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Language through films and supplemental 
reading. Method appropriate to need, pattern- 
ing and grammatical analysis. Will enable stu- 
dents to function in German- speaking country. 
Prerequisite: 102 or equivalent for 101. 

GRC 201/2 Intermediate German 

Films produced in Germany provide language 
study, introduction to German culture and 
native language models. Class discussions in 
German. Prerequisites: 102 for 201; 201 for 

GRC 250/1 (Directed Study) Grammar 
Review/Intermediate German 

Programmed courses allow student with lan- 
guage aptitude to move at own pace. Grammar, 
speech, texts and tapes. 

GRC 301/2 Introduction to German 
Literature and Life 

Contemporary German literature and life. 
Readings chosen according to student ability 
and interest. Modern fiction and magazines. 
Prerequisite: 202 or equivalent. 

GR/LIC 304 Novels of Hermann Hesse 
(Directed Study available) 

Hesse's novels in chronological order, tracing 
the development of the man and his writings 
from poetic realism to impressionism. Offered 
in German and in translation. Prerequisite: 
none in translation; advanced standing in 

GRC 311 Advanced Composition and 

Student participation in teaching theoretical 
and practical aspects of grammar. Topical 
discussions and written assignments in the 

GRC 331/332 Special Topics 

Projects based upon current needs and inter- 
ests of students and offered at the discretion 
of the German faculty. 

GRC 350 (Directed Study) German 

Texts and tapes by native speakers. Phonetic 
alphabet, speech patterning, and inflection of 
High German through written and oral exam- 
ples. Required for future teachers of Ger- 

GR/LIC 351 (Directed Study) Life and 
Works of Franz Kafka 

Major short stories, three novels, two volumes 
of diaries of Franz Kafka may be taken in 
either German or English. Prerequisite: none 
in English; advanced standing in German. 

GRC 401/2 The Novel 

A study of the most representative noveUsts 
from Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas 
Mann, Hermann Hesse, and the writers of pres- 
ent day Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. 

GRC 403/4 Drama 

German drama from Goethe to the present 
Particular emphasis on drama of the 19th 
century and the present. 

GRC 405 German Culture in North 
America (Directed Study available) 

German settlements in the U.S. and Canada, 
their origin and cultural development, the reli- 
gious and political causes which brought them 
to this continent. Prerequisite: advanced 
standing in German. 

GRC 441/2 Seminar in German 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, 
German poetry, the German novelle, history of 
the German language, independent readings. 
For Seniors. 

Semester Abroad in Germany 
See International Education. 




The history major consists of eight courses, 
which must include three courses in American 
history, three courses in non- American history, 
and HIL 400 Towards a New Past: Making 
History. At least three courses (besides HIL 
400) must be beyond the introductory level. 
Students must also take one winter term in 
history, usually in the Junior year, and com- 
prehensive examinations in the winter term of 
the Senior year. 

HIL 203C Europe in Transition: 

Medieval roots of modern Europe, Renais- 
sance, Reformation, economic and geographic 
expansion, scientific revolution. Enlighten- 
ment, French and Industrial Revolutions. 

HIL 204C The Foundations of 
Contemporary Europe: 1815 to the Present 

Nationahsm and liberalism. Industrial Revolu- 
tion, imperialism. World War I and its con- 
sequences, Russian Revolution, depression, 
rise of dictatorships. Intellectual develop- 
ments of the period. 

HIL 2168 Your Family in American 
History (Directed Study available) 

History of student's own family in context of 
American history. Research in family records, 
interviews with family members, background 
reading in recent American social history. 

HIL 223 History of the U.S. to 1877 

Prof. William McKee 

Colonial foundations of American society and 
culture, the American Revolution, develop- 
ment of a democratic society, slavery, Civil 
War, Reconstruction. Various interpretations 
of the American experience. 

HIL 224 History of the U.S. since 1877 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Transformation from an agrarian to an indus- 
trial nation. Industrial Revolution, urbaniza- 
tion, rise to world power, capitaHsm, New Deal, 
world wars, cold war, recent developments. 
Social, cultural, political and economic em- 

HIC 231 S Revolutions in the Modern 

Prof William Parsons 
Revolution as an idiographic phenomenon 
with examination of the French and Russian 
Revolutions; revolutionary leadership with 
emphasis on Mao Tse-Tung's role in Chinese 
revolution. Revolution as a comparative study. 
Offered in alternate years. 

HIC 232C World History to Columbus 

Prof William Parsons 
History of the world from the emergence of 
major Eurasian civilizations to 1500, with 
emphasis on the evolution of the "Great Tra- 
ditions," cultural diffusion, interaction of cul- 

HIC 233C Global History in the Modern 

Prof William Parsons 

History of the world since 1500 with emphasis 
on the interaction of Western ideas and institu- 
tions with the rest of the world. Contributions 
of geography, demography and biography to 
understanding the world today. 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

Prof William Parsons 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeaniza- 
tion initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age 
of Russian culture, revolutionary culture, So- 
viet attitudes toward culture. Permission of 
instructor required for Freshmen. Offered in 
alternate years. 

HIL 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

Prof Keith Irwin 

European painting from Cezanne through 
World War 11. Analyzing and appreciating 
painting, Hves and personalities of painters, 
schools of art, relationship with events of per- 
iod. Permission of instructor required for 
freshmen. Offered alternate years. 

HIC 250 (Directed Study) Japanese 
Cultural History 

Prof Gilbert Johnston 

Culture, art, religion, literature, dominant 
values and political structure. Cultural patterns 
and values of present and past. East Asian 
Area Studies is recommended as prerequisite. 



HIL 253 (Directed Study) United States 

Prof. William McKee 

Colonial foundations, American Revolution, 
19th century democracy, slavery. Recon- 
struction, Industrial Revolution, New Deal. 
Social, economic and political developments 
shaping contemporary American society. 

HIL 26 IS Women and the Christian 

Prof. Olivia Mclntyre 

The changing role of women from early Chris- 
tianity through the middle ages, the reforma- 
tion, the 19th century and the contemporary 

HIC 264C The History of the Two St. 

Prof William Parsons 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida, cele- 
brating its centennial in 1988, and the Russian 
St. Petersburg (now Leningrad) as it approaches 
its tricentennial. 

HIL/I 312 (Directed Study) History of 

Urban history of London as the first truly 
modem city. Visit historical sites, museums, 
libraries. Exposure to one of world's great 
cultural, financial and political centers. 

HIL 321 Women in Modern America: the 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 

Prof Carolyn Johnston 

Feminist theory, growth of women's move- 
ments, minority women, working women, 
changes in women's health, birth control, 
images of women in literature and film. 
Changes in women's position in America. 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

Prof William McKee 

History of foreign policy: imperialism, inter- 
nationalism, isolationism, pacifism, collective 
security, "New Left" anti- imperialism. Recent 
controversies over Cold War. Prerequisite: 
some previous work in American history or 
poUtical science. 

HIL 301 American Economic History 

Prof William McKee 

Industrial Revolution, role of entrepreneur, 
rise of corporations, development of organized 
labor. Progressive Movement, New Deal, 
development of present mixed economy and 
prospects for future American capitalism. 

HIL/I 310 History of England to 1714 
(Directed Study available) 

History of E ngland from Roman occupation to 
George I, and it's significance for Americans. 
Norman Conquest, federalism, growth of com- 
mon law, Parliament, Tudor revolution, Angli- 
can Reformation, 17 th century revolutions, 
and triumph of parliamentary oligarchy. 

HIL/I 311 History of Modem Britain 
Since 1714 (Directed Study available) 

Modern Britain from George I to present. 
Industrial Revolution, empire, cabinet system 
of government, transformation from agrarian 
to industrial, welfare state, loss of imperial 
power. Prerequisite: 240 or permission of 

HIL 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 

Prof Carolyn Johnston 

History of American women and the family, 
images of women in popular culture and liter- 
ature, impact of the Great Depression and 
World War II on the family. 

HIC/L 331-332 Special Topics 

In addition to opportunities for independent 
study and research, faculty will occasionally 
offer special topics courses. 

HIL 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art and 

Prof Keith Irwin 

Art and architecture of medieval and Renais- 
sance periods in western Europe and the char- 
acter of the change in vision and artistic prod- 
uct. Films and sHdes. Permission of instructor 
required for Freshmen. Offered alternate 

HIC 342 The Rise of Russia 

Prof William Parsons 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzan- 
tium, Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, 
Poles and Swedes, influence of the West 



Russian and Soviet historians' interpretations 
of the past. 

HIC 343 Modern Russia and the Soviet 

Prof. William Parsons 

Imperial Russia, Russian Revolution, conti- 
nuity and change in Russia, Soviet history, 
Soviet Union as a totalitarian society and as a 
world power. 

HIL 345 American Social and Intellectual 
History I 

Prof. William McKee 

American culture, thought and social institu- 
tions to 1865: Puritanism, Enlightenment, 19th 
century democracy, slavery, racism. Prereq- 
uisite: previous college level work in American 

HIL 346 American Social and Intellectual 
History II 

Prof William McKee 

American culture, thought and social institu- 
tions from 1865 to present: Darwinism, indus- 
trialism, Progressive Movement, liberal de- 
mocracy in the 20th century. Prerequisite: 
previous college work in American history. 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historians' Viev^^ of Our Times (Directed 
Study available) 

Prof William McKee 

Current trends in interpreting U.S. history 
since World War 11. Transformation of Amer- 
ican society since 1945 and the new position of 
the U.S. in world affairs. 

HIL 348 The New Deal 

Prof William McKee 

America during the 1930s; impact of the 
depression on American life, and contributions 
of the New Deal. Not open to Freshmen. Pre- 
requisite: at least one course in American 
history, political science, or a related field. 

HIL 350 (Directed Study) History of the 
British Empire-Commonwealth Since 1783 

Causes, nature and consequences of British 
imperial expansion in the 19th century and 
reasons for collapse of British power in the 
20th century. Prerequisite: college course in 
modem European or British history. 

HIL 351 (Directed Study) The Industrial 
Revolution in America 

Prof William McKee 

Industrial, economic and social change which 
produced a transformation of American so- 
ciety, and the reaction of Americans to these 
changes. Prerequisite: some previous work in 
American history. 

HIL 352 (Directed Study) The 
Progressive Movement 

Prof William McKee 

One of the great movements for reform in 
American history: Progressivism as pohtical 
movement, presidential leadership, reform of 
society, intellectual development. Prerequi- 
site: previous work in American history or 
political science. 

HIL 361C An Introduction to Modern 

Prof Olivia Mclntyre 

Pohtical, social, economic and intellectual 
development of France from the revolution to 
the fall of DeGauUe's government. 

HIL 363 The Renaissance 

Prof Olivia Mclntyre 

Intellectual, cultural, political and economic 
conditions which interacted to create the 
Renaissance, and its transmission to northern 

HIL 364 The Reformation 

Prof Olivia Mclntyre 

Reformation theology in its political and insti- 
tutional context. Theology and structure of 
each branch of the Reformation, and the politi- 
cal contexts of the various movements. 

HIL 367 Paris and the Enlightenment 

Prof Olivia Mclntyre 

Social, political and intellectual developments 
of 18th century France as manifested in the 
people and events of Paris. Students may pur- 
sue topics in their own discipline. 

HIC 389 History of Eastern Europe 

Prof William Parsons 

Sixteenth century to present with emphasis on 
influence of Germans and Russians. Geography, 
linquistics, religion, nationalism and pohtical 
realities. Prerequisite: at least one course in 
European or Russian history, or permission of 


Human Resources 

HIL 400 Towards a New Past: Making 


Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

The philosophy of history, new approaches to 
historical study, and new developments in the 
field. Historians whose interpretations have 
had a major impact on their fields. Required 
for history majors. 

AML 306S American Myths, American 


AML 307 S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 

Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 

For descriptions see American Studies. 

cue 283C Soviet Area Studies 

cue 388C Sino-Soviet Conflict 

For descriptions see Cross-Cultural 


This interdisciplinary major corrodinated by 
the Letters Collegium is a flexible way to study 
enduring human issues, since it is designed by 
a student and Mentor around a central focus 
(e.g., historical period, geographical area, cul- 
tural/intellectual movement) and a methodol- 
ogy provided by five courses from one core 
discipline (art, foreign language, history, litera- 
ture, music, philosophy, political science, reli- 
gion, sociology, theatre) and five other com- 
plementary courses. At least five courses must 
be beyond the introductory level. Humanities 
students will be encouraged to participate 
together in selected integrative humanities 
courses. A guiding committee of three faculty 
from disciplines in the student's program will 
be selected by the Junior year, that will design 
and evaluate the Senior comprehensive exam, 
or may invite the student to write a Senior 


An interdisciplinary major designed to pre- 
pare students for graduate work and/or para- 
professional careers in the helping fields. It 
has a core course program of the following: 

1. Introduction to Human Resources 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Introduction to Clinical and CounseUng 

4. Psychology of Consciousness 

5. Community Mental Health: Theory and 

6. Ethics in the Helping Professions 

7. Human Services Administration or Organ- 
izational Behavior and Leadership 

A minimum of seven other courses are required 
in the emphasis area or track of the student's 
choice, including an extensive 224 hour off- 
campus internship in the chosen track. Stu- 
dents may choose tracks in the emphasis area 
of their choice, such as mental health, leisure 
services, holistic health, youth services, early 
childhood, human services administration. In 
addition, students (in conjunction with their 
Mentor) have the option of individually de- 
signing their own track. 

Strongly suggested courses include: Introduc- 
tion to Psychology, Introduction to Sociology, 
Introduction to Social Work, Socialization: 

Requirements for a minor in human resources 
include completion of five courses: Introduc- 
tion to Human Resources, Introduction to 
Clinical and Counseling Psychology, and three 
of the following - Community Mental Health, 
Ethical Issues and the Helping Professions, 
Psychology of Consciousness, Statistical 
Methods or Group Dynamics. 

HRA 101 Introduction to Human 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

Overview of the helping professions; study of 
life stages with accompanying needs, crises, 
passages; community family support systems; 
intervention approaches; relationships between 
personal values and life problems. Field trips. 


Human Resources 

HRA 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Prof. Mark Smith 

Changes, events and circumstances of the per- 
iod between childhood and aduhhood. Social 
learning theory, going beyond and beneath 
stereotypes and impersonal perspectives. 
Prerequisite: PSB 10 IS or HRA 101 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

HRA 204 Socialization: A Study of 
Male/Female Roles 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

Socializing processes affecting men and wo- 
men; social roles and their origins, sexual dif- 
ferences, effects on mental health and unifying 
aspects of masculine/feminine nature; influ- 
ence of culture, understanding socialization 
processes. Recommended: HRA 101 or PSB 
lOlSorSLB lOlS. 

HRA 208E Basic Concepts in Wellness 
And Holistic Health 

Profs. Claire Stiles and Thomas West 

Attaining and maintaining health through nu- 
trition, physical fitness, weight control, stress 
management, substance use, personal intimacy, 
emotional and spiritual well-being. 

HRA/SLB 225 Introduction to Social 

Prof Dana Cozad 

Introduction to profession, practice, history 
and value bases of social work. General systems 
framework utilized. Current professional 
trends in the local community, newspaper 
reading and guest lecturers. Prerequisite: 
HRA 101 or a behavioral science course. 

HRA 269 S Leisure and Lifestyle 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Analysis of leisure theories, concepts and 
principles and the identification of psycho- 
logical, sociological, and economic trends that 
influence leisure behavior. Students develop 
personal leisure awareness and philosophy. 

HRA 270 Leisure Services Programming 
and Leadership 

Prof Claire Stiles 

Programming principles and methods of lead- 
ing leisure activities. Instruction combines 
lecture, group discussion, and student-led 
activities. Prerequisite: HRA 101 and 269S. 
Offered alternate years. 

HR/PSA 302 Gestalt Theory and 

For description see Psychology. 

HRA 305 Human Services for Special 

Prof Claire Stiles 

Characteristics, needs and intervention impli- 
cations for handicapped populations. Prereq- 
uisites: PSB lOlS, SLB lOlS and HRA 101. 

HR/PSA 308 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology 

HR/PSA 309 Behavior Disorders 

For descriptions see Psychology. 

HRA 310 Activity as Therapy 

Prof Claire Stiles 

Activity therapy in hospitals, agencies, nursing 
homes, public and private institutions for the 
disabled, and the planning process involved in 
treatment. Prerequisite: HR/PSA 308. 

HRA 321 Practicum in Leisure Services 

(Directed Study Available) 

Prof Claire Stiles 

Supervised leadership experience in an ap- 
proved agency setting for Junior leisure ser- 
vices students. Weekly class discussions and 
problem solving. Minimum 10 hours per week 
in agency of student's choice. Prerequisite: 
HRA 101 and 270. 

HRA 325 Counseling Strategies 

Profs. Sarah Dean, Claire Stiles 

In-depth investigation of systems of counseling 
and growth, such as transactional analysis, 
client-centered, rational emotive reality as well 
as particular counseling strategies for women. 
Prerequisite: HR/PSA 308 or permission of 
instructor. Offered alternate years. 

HRA 326 Counseling for Wellness 

Profs. Thomas West and Claire Stiles 

Holistic/wellness paradigm to health — in- 
volving social, physical, emotional, spiritual, 
mental and vocational aspects. Theory, re- 
search, alternative health care, counseUng 
procedures. Prerequisites: HRA 101, HRA 
208E, HR/PSA 308 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 


International Business 

HRA 327 Community Mental Health 

Theory, practice, development and evaluation 
of community mental health systems. Survey 
of local programs; overview of prevention and 
early intervention strategies; practice in de- 
signing programs for the Eckerd College com- 
munity. Prerequisites: PSB 10 1 S or HRA 101, 
HR/PSA 308 and permission of instructor. 

HRA 372 Leisure Counseling: Facilitating 
Leisure Experience 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Overview of leisure counseling and education 
leisure. Philosophical issues, historical per- 
spectives, significance of leisure counseling in 
contemporary society, implementation of ser- 
vice. Prerequisites: HRA 101 and 305. 

HRA 386S Ethical Issues and the 
Helping Professions 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

What makes professionals ethical or unethical? 
Relationships between ethics and personal 
and societal values explored; in-depth look at 
helping professions such as counseling, law, 
health and medicine, ministry; making ethical 

CRA 387 S Jung, Myth and Lifestyles 

For description see Social Relations 
Perspective Courses. 

HRA 401 Internship in Human Resources 

Prof Sarah Dean 

A field-based learning experience; 224 hours 
of off-campus placements, such as centers for 
drug abuse, delinquency, women's services, 
mental health. Prerequisite: Senior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

HRA 402 Biofeedback Training: Theory 

History, theory and practical applications of 
biofeedback as an intervention technique for 
physical and mental health problems and in 
wellness counseling. Instrumentation, relaxa- 
tion and treatment plans. Prerequisites: PSB 
lOlS and/or HRA 101 and HR/PSA 308. 

HR/PSA 403 Practicum in Peer 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing 
individual problems and strengths. Role played 


and videotaped counseling sessions, super- 
vised counseling experience appropriate to 
student's level. Limit 12. Prerequisites: PSB 
10 IS or HRA 101, HR/PSA 308 and per- 
mission of instructor. 

HRA 404 Human Services 

Prof Claire Stiles 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human 
service organizations, administrative tools 
and techniques, facilitating the change pro- 
cess, value tensions and coping with strategies. 
Junior or Senior standing or permission of 

HRA 405 Practicum in Group Work 

Theory, process and clinical applications of 
group counseling. Use of group techniques 
with different populations and settings. Video- 
taped and role played group sessions. Limit 
14. Prerequisites: PSB lOlS or HRA 101, 
HR/PSA 308 and ED/PSA 207. 

See also Psychology. 


The international business major is designed 
to provide students with a variety of proficien- 
cies and experiences related to career oppor- 
tunities and/or preparation for graduate work. 
The major is supervised by a four member 
faculty committee, one from foreign languages, 
one from the discipline offering the cultural 
area courses, one from the management disci- 
pline and one from International Education. 
Requirements for the major are: 


Five courses in one language, with demon- 
strated conversational skills, or the equivalent 

Foreign Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology, International 
Politics, and two cultural area courses. 

Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of Macro- 
economics, Principles of Marketing, The Man- 
agerial Enterprise. 
International Business 
The Cultural Environment of International 
Business, International Marketing, Interna- 
tional Finance and Banking, International 
Economics, and the Comprehensive Examin- 
ation. (Prerequisite to international business 
courses is either Statistical Methods, College 

London Offerings 

Algebra, Calculus I or Introduction to Com- 
puter Science.) 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester 
abroad within an appropriate International 
Education program, or an individualized study 
under the direction of a member of the faculty 

ecu 410 Senior Seminar in the 
Comparative Cultures 

For description see Senior Seminars. 

International students should confer with the 
major faculty, as there are special requirements 
more suited to them. 

IBC/ANC 385 The Cultural Environment 
of International Business 

For description see Anthropology. 

IB/MNC 485 International Marketing 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution 
and business logistics systems, world-wide 
promotion programs, international market 
and marketing research. Prerequsite: MNB 

IBC/MNB 486 International Finance and 

Prof. Naveen Malhotra 

International banking system, foreign exchange 
risk management, long run investment deci- 
sions, financing decisions, working capital 
management, international accounting, tax 
planning. Prerequsite: ECB 282S, MNB 271. 

connoisseurs of the period discussed and 

ARI 351 (Directed Study) A History of 
English Architecture 

Prof Arthur Skinner 

For the London semester student, an intro- 
duction to the history of English architecture, 
from Anglo-Saxon times to the present. No 
prerequisites, but some contact with art or art 
history is recommended. 

ECI 450 (Directed Study) History of 
Economic Thought 

Prof Tom Oberhofer 

The evolution of economic ideas as developed 
and expounded by Western economists and 
the linkage between changing economic ideas 
and socio-political conditions. Prerequisites: 
ECB 281S land 282S or permission of in- 

HII 310 (Directed Study) History of 
England to 1714 

HII 311 (Directed Study) History of 
Modern Britain Since 1714 

HII 312 (Directed Study) History of 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 350 (Directed Study) The Maritime 
Heritage of England 

Prof John Ferguson 

The influence of the sea on the English nation, 
its contribution to economic development and 
the values of its people, through readings and 
visits to museums and historic sites. 

IBC 498 Comprehensive: 
Transnational Business Operations 

Offered during winter term. 


ARI 321 A Art Patronage in London 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs and Turner stud- 
ied in depth. Collections of George IE, Sir 
John Soane, Duke of Welhngton and other 

INI 389C British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. 
The historical, institutional and contemporary 
issues of Britain, with particular attention to 
London. Visiting experts in various fields, 
excursions and readings help students develop 
understanding of Britain today. 

The British Seminar is valid as a Cross- Cultural 
Perspective course in Comparative Cultures, 
Creative Arts and Letters. It is not valid as a 
Cross-Cultural Perspective course in Behav- 
ioral or Natural Sciences. 


Italy Offerings 

MNI 300 International Business and 

Prof. Derek Davies 

Theories, techniques, institutions and pro- 
cesses. Similarities and differences arising 
from cultural, economic, political and legal 
differences in countries. Attention to condi- 
tions in U.S.A., Great Britain, Western Eur- 
ope, Japan. 

POI 301 S Beyond the Postwar Consensus: 
British Politics in the 1980s 

Prof. Elaine Unterhalter 

Changes in British political life since the election 
of Prime Minister Thatcher. Visits to cam- 
paigning organizations, political parties and 
local government. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth 
Experience in a Changing Great Britain 

Prof Jeffrey Howard 

The impact of recent events on British youth 
through face-to-face encounters and an exam- 
ination of the institutions which shape their 
lives. Prerequisite: PSB 202 or a course in 
child development and consent of the in- 

THI 365A Theatre in London 

P-of Thomas Kidd 

London theatre, including backstage tours 
and guest lectures, covering drama from clas- 
sical to modern. For students with a general 
interest in theatre, of whatever major. 


ITI 101/2 Italian Language 

A requirement while studying in the Florence 
program. Classes at the Istituto di Lingua Ital- 
iano, Florence. 

ARI 2/324 Etching 

Intaglio, aquatint, soft ground, sugar life, relief 
printing, air brush ground, dry-point, engrav- 
ing. Prerequisite: proficiency in drawing and 

ARI 2/344 Drawing 

Line, modeling, chiaroscuro, perspective, com- 
position. Both drawing and watercolor not 
required; however drawing in preparation for 
painting expected. 


ARI 2/326 Watercolor 

Pigments, brushes, papers, washes, overlay, 
form, chiaroscuro, techniques. 

INI 379C Florence Seminar 

The history and culture of Italy, visiting art 
and history museums and other points of inter- 
est in Florence and vicinity. Required of all 
students in the Florence program. 

Directed Studies offered to Florence 
students only: 

ARI 300 Florence: An Architectural 
History of the City 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

The historical developments of 2,000 years 
which shaped the image of Florence, and major 
developments in Western architecture as they 
were originated and interpreted by the Floren- 
tine creative spirit. 

LLI 300 Florentine Literature 

Prof Howard Carter 

Specific assignments on the greatest Florentine 
writers: Dante, Boccaccio, Petrarch, Machia- 
velH, Cellini and others, and places in Florence 
associated with them. 


Eckerd College cooperates with several in- 
stitutions to provide students with opportun- 
ities in other overseas locations. In all cases, 
courses are chosen at the time of registration 
at the host university. 


Semester abroad in Aix- en-Provence or Avignon 
in cooperation with the Institute for American 
Universities, Prerequisites: one year of college 
French for Aix; two years for Avignon. Lan- 
guage, humanities. 


Semester abroad in Freiburg, in cooperation 
with Stetson University. Prerequisite: two 
years of college German. Language and hu- 


Full-year exchange opportunities at Kansai 
Gaidai (Osaka) or Nanzan University (Nagoya). 
Full range of courses. Classes in English. 
Japanese not required prior to exchange. 

International Studies 


Semester or full-year at Ewha Woman's Uni- 
versity (Seoul). Wide range of courses. Classes 
in English. 


Semester abroad in Madrid, in cooperation 
with Stetson University. Prerequisite: two 
years of college Spanish. Language, humanities. 

ISEP (International Student Exchange 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester 
or year at one of 80 locations throughout the 
world. Students enroll in universities abroad 
one-for-one exchange. 

Information available from the International 
Education and Off-Campus Study office. Sheila 
Johnston, Director. 


An interdisciplinary major in International 
Studies should form a consistent pattern on 
courses that focus on one foreign nation or 
cultural area of the world, or on a global topic 
involving nations from different parts of the 
world. The major includes language study, 
courses in the same cultural area of the world, 
courses in a particular discipUne, and study 
abroad for a year, semester or term. 

Students majoring in international studies are 
guided by a three member committee, includ- 
ing one member from the appropriate language 
faculty, one from the chosen discipline, and 
the Director of International Education. 

The major consists of a minimum often courses, 
with at least five from one of the core dis- 
ciplines-economics, political science, history, 
or anthropology - and at least six courses 
beyond the introductory level. Courses taken 
in the core discipline must comply with the 
sequencing requirements of that discipline. 
Students are also required to complete at least 
two years of college level foreign language, and 
at least three courses related to the chosen 
geographical area. Students are required to 
spend a full year, a semester, or a term abroad 
in a program offered by International Educa- 
tion, or in an individualized project supervised 
by one of the members of the faculty committee. 


ITC 101/102 Elementary Italian 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening com- 
prehension, reading, writing and grammar. 
Prerequisite for 102 is 101 or permission of 
the instructor. 


See International Education. 


JAC 1/2/301 Japanese (Offered in the fall 


JAC 1/2/302 Japanese (Offered in the spring 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Dialogues in Japanese, Romanized Japanese, 
and English supplemented by grammar and 
usage drills. Practice in both speaking and 
reading. Second and third levels taught as di- 
rected studies. 

Year Abroad in Japan 

See International Education. 


JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives 
on Contemporary Issues (Directed Study 
available by petition only) 

Team-taught interdisciplinary capstone Senior 
seminar examines the values and perspectives 
of the Judaeo-Christian tradition applied to 
contemporary issues. Required for all Seniors. 


For description see Literature. 




Students majoring in literature must take a 
minimum of eight literature courses, including 
at least one from English literature prior to 
1800, one from English literature after 1800, 
and one from American literature. They will 
work out their schedules with their Mentors, 
according to individual needs. Literature 
majors must successfully pass a Senior com- 
prehensive exam, covering in survey fashion 
English and American hterature plus some 
methodological application; course selections 
should be made with this in mind. Special 
topics constitute an essential core of the lit- 
erature program, providing discipline and 
focus on specialized areas which prepare stu- 
dents for the depth and clarity of study required 
for graduate school or a serious career in lit- 
erature. Specific titles vary, depending on 
student interest, contemporary issues, and 
faculty research. In exceptional cases, students 
who have established their proficiency in lit- 
erature may be invited to write a Senior thesis 
on a subject of their choice, in place of the 
comprehensive exam. 

For a minor in literature students will take five 
courses in literature, one of which may be a 
writing workshop, three of which must be 
Eckerd College courses, and two of which must 
be at the 300 level or above. 

LI A 101 Introduction to Literature: Short 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on crit- 
ical thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA 102 Introduction to Literature: The 
Four Genres 

Prof. Sterling Watson 
Plays, poems, novels and short stories, con- 
centrating on critical thinking, clear, concise 
written and spoken exposition, and values 
embodied in great works. Attendance is re- 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

LIL 2 10 A Literary Themes: Literature as 
Human Experience 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

Basic human experiences (innocence and 
experience, conformity and rebellion, love and 
hate, the presence of death) approached 
through great poems, stories and plays. Liter- 
ature from 400 B.C. to the present. 

LIL 211 A Literature for Life 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

Readings chosen to give pleasure, cultivate 
taste, impart understanding of basic human 
values and concerns (love, violence, com- 
munity, religion), and develop a life-long love 
of literature. 

LIL 2 12 A Literature by Women 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of literature written in the English lan- 
guage by women over the past 600 years. Focus 
on the increasing visibility of women in literary 
culture and changing images of women in the 


LIA 221 American Literature I: The 
Puritans to Whitman 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century 
America. The development and transfiguration 
of American attitudes toward nature, religion, 
government, slavery, etc., traced through liter- 
ary works. 

LIL 222A American Literature II 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of American literature from the mid- 
19th century to the present. Dickinson, Twain, 
James, Crane, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Stevens, 
O'Neill, Hemingway, Faulkner, Lowell, O'Con- 
nor, Welty and a range of contemporaries. 

LIA 225A Modern American Poetry 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Major American poets from 1900 to 1950, 
concentrating on the meaning and values ex- 
pressed in the poems, the development of 
modernism, and the reflection of America as 
our society developed. 

LIA 202 Journalism 

Basic news story, in-depth reporting, reviews, 
features, editorials, editing, layout, social and 
legal issues facing the press. 


LIA 226A Literary Genres: Short Novels 

FYof Sterling Watson 

The short novel and ways in which it differs 
from shorter and longer fiction, how literature 


embodies values, and practice in the enuncia- 
tion and defense of reasoned critical opinions. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA 227A Contemporary Fiction, 
Contemporary Values 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Writings from around the world, exploring so- 
cial interaction between characters (lovers, 
enemies, families), between strata of society 
(men/women, black/white, rich/poor), and be- 
tween authors and ourselves. 

LIA/ANC 230 Linguistics 

Profs. Howard Carter, Hendrick Serrie 

The scientific study of language and its con- 
text: the elements of language and its uses in 
personal thought, social interaction, cultural 
values and institutions. 

LI/RUC 232 Russian Classics in 

LI/RUC 234 Soviet Literature in 

For descriptions see Russian. 

LIL 235 An Introduction to Shakespeare: 
Motley, Murder, and Myrrh 

Prof Julienne Empric 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic 
genre: comedy, tragedy, history and romance. 
Learn to appreciate and evaluate his writings, 
and the characteristic distinctions among the 

LIL/THA 236/7 History of Drama I, II 

Prof Julienne Empric 

Two semester course; either may be taken 
independently. Part I includes Greek drama 
through the Restoration and 18th century. 
Part n includes pre-modern, modern and con- 
temporary classics. 

LIL 238 English Literature I: Beowulf to 

Prof Julienne Empric 

General survey from the Old English to the 
Neoclassic period, highlighting the historical 
traditions which the authors create and upon 
which they draw. 

LIL 239A English Literature II: 1800 to 
the Present 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 
General survey of British literature from 1800 
to the present, including Romantic, Victorian, 
modern and contemporary writers. The his- 
torical tradition and outstanding individual 

LIA 241 A Great American Novels 

Prof Howard Carter 

Great American novels, their narrative art, 
their reflection of American culture, their en- 
gagement of the readers' hearts and minds, 
exploring some of life's great questions as 
revealed by masterful writers. 

LIA 250A (Directed Study) Children's 

Prof Peter Meinke 

The best of children's literature in various 
genres. Student will do either a creative (e.g., 
writing children's story) or scholarly (e.g., essay 
on history of nursery rhymes) project. 

LIL 250 (Directed Study) Shakespeare: 
The Forms of His Art 

F^of. Julienne Empric 

For students unable to enroll in LIL 235 An 
Introduction to Shakespeare, or those wishing 
to pursue further work on Shakespeare inde- 

LIA 2/352 (Directed Study) American 
Fiction: 1950 to Present, I, II 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Students who have done little reading in this 
area should take 252. Those with some ac- 
quaintance with contemporary American fic- 
tion should take 352. 

LIA 267S Literature of Healing and Dying 

F*rof. Howard Carter 

The relationship between the sick person and 
the caregiver, and the relationship between 
the reader and the writer who describes, and 
sometimes criticizes, the first relationship, to 
deepen understanding of health care issues. 



LIL 271 Drama as Genre 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Tragedy, comedy, and tragicomedy: the impor- 
tance of language, from poetry to slang. Writ- 
ings of important critics through the ages. 
Theatre productions, televised plays. 

LI A 281 A The Rise of the Novel: Western 
Narrative I 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Some of the great works of the Western tra- 
dition, the fantastic and the realistic, following 
the guided dreams of narrative and its explor- 
ation of our imaginations and our worlds. 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel: Western 
Narrative II 

Prof Howard Carter 

Modern writers and some of the questions of 
modem times: alienation, depth psychology in 
fiction, assessments of technology and urban 
life, sources of hope in humanism and literary 

LII 300 (Directed Study) Florentine Liter- 

See International Education, Italy Offer- 

LIA 301 Southern Literature 

Prof Sterling Watson 

Southern novels, short stories and plays, iden- 
tifying what is "Southern" among them. Works 
by McCullers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, 
Percy, Price, Porter, Ganes. Attendance re- 

LIL 303 British Literature: 18th Century 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

British literature from the death of Dryden to 
the beginning of the Romantic Age. Major 
writers including Locke, Swift, Pope, Addison, 
Jonson, Fielding, Sterne. Major Enlighten- 
ment themes and genres. 

LI/GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

For description see German. 

LIL 305A Women as Metaphor: 
Investigating our Literary Heritage 

Prof Julienne Empric 

Investigating European, Canadian and Amer- 
ican literature with emphasis on metaphors 
for women, what it is to be human, and values 
choices. Conceptions of women through the 
ages as presented in literature. 

LIL 308 The Dramatic Moment: the Poetry 
of John Donne and Ben Jonson 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing 
their ideas and techniques, their relationships 
to themselves, their beloved and the world, 
and examining perplexities held in common 
across the centuries. 

LIL 320 British Literature: Modern 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of British literature from the 1880s to 
World War II, and an attempt to define 
"modernism" in poetry. Poets include Hop- 
kins, Hardy, Yeats, Housman, Eliot, Auden 
and Thomas. 

LIL 322 British Literature: The Modem 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

Readings of period documents in history and 
social sciences; major writers, including Conrad, 
Joyce, Ehot, Woolf and Auden. Does not in- 
clude drama. 

LIL 323 British Literature: the Victorian 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

British poetry and prose during the reign of 
Victoria (1837-1901). Major writers including 
Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, Dic- 
kens, Ruskin, Hardy. Victorian themes and 
intellectual preoccupations. 

LIL 324 British Literature: the Romantic 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

Pre-Romantics of late 18th century through 
major artists of the next two generations. 
Burns, Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, 
Shelley, Keats, Byron. Major Romantic themes 
and genres. 



LIL 325A Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Understanding the roles (or "metaphors") for 
men and women involved in societal or indi- 
vidual choices, through the study of great works 
of Western literature. 

LIL 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Survey of major authors and forms of early 
English non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis 
on Chaucer, Spenser and Shakespeare. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

Prof Nancy Corson Carter 

Exploring thi'ough literature the myths, ideas 
and attitudes which shape ecological practice. 
Understanding our heritage and using that 
knowledge to keep the earth household alive 
and healthy. 

LIA 334 20th Century European Fiction 
(Directed Study available) 

Prof Howard Carter 

Novels representing various countries, domi- 
nant literary movements and most influential 
authors. One or more novels may be read in the 
original language. Prerequisite: one college 
level literature course. 

LIL 338 20th Century British and 
American Drama 

Prof Julienne Empric 

Representative dramatic forms through works 
by O'Neill, Wilhams, Miller, Eliot, Osborne, 
Pinter, Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the 
influences which helped shape modern drama. 
Prerequisite: any course in drama. 

LIA 347 Great Prose 

Prof Howard Carter 

Non-fiction prose, largely from the Western 
tradition, asking how authors use language to 
enquire into various topics and to lead the 
mind and imagination of the reader. 

LIA 350A (Directed Study) Modern 
American Novel 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Ten or twelve major American novelists of the 
first half of the 20th century from Dreiser 

through Richard Wright. Ideas, themes and 
analysis of writing style. 

LIA 351 (Directed Study) 20th Century 
American Women Artists and Writers 
(c. 1900-1935) 

Prof Nancy Corson Carter 

Women artists and writers in the social and 
cultural context of their times. Students choose 
from among photography, dance, poetry, prose. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 

LI/GRC 351 (Directed Study) Life and 
Works of Franz Kafka 

For description see German. 

LIA 352 (Directed Study) American 
Fiction: 1950 to Present II 

For description see LIA 252. 

LIA 360 Values in Contemporary British 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Poems of such varied contemporary poets as 
Hope (Australian), Heaney (Irish), Hughes, 
Larkin (English), Ormond (Welsh), Atwood 

Lie 360 Modern Japanese Literature in 

Prof Gilbert Johnston 

Sampling of novels, short stories and poetry 
written during the past century, revealing the 
Japanese point of view regarding themselves 
and the world. 

LIA 361 Literary Criticism 

Prof Howard Carter 

A study of literary theory and criticism using 
the most important figures in the West from 
Plato to the present. Prerequisite: one college 
level literature course. 

LI/THA 362A Film and Literature 

Profs. Howard Carter, Richard Rice 

Elements of film production, major film gen- 
res, literary sources and analogues, and some 
of the critical approaches of film study. 



CRA 365 Mothering, Fathering, 
Friending: Explorations in Human 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Interdisciplinary approach: how culture mani- 
fests the values of nurturance through myths, 
symbols, power, presence in our lives, affirma- 
tions, and taboos. 

LIA 368 Literature of Fact 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Literary elements applied to describing reality 
accurately. Interpretation, point of view, style, 
personal involvement, ethical responsibilities 
studied through non-fiction writers. 

LIL 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Prof Julienne Empric 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, 
television. Critical opinions on what distin- 
guishes the tragic and the comic. 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

Prof Nancy Corson Carter 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding 
the Goddess, "god-talk," and "godthinking" 
through the study of Christian mystics, Jungian 
psychologists, contemporary poets, novelists 
and theologians. 

LIA 38 1 A Contemporary American Fiction 

Prof Howard Carter 

Fiction that breaks new ground and how it 
evolves. Selections from several strands of 
current writing in America, traditional and 
experimental, male and female, urban and 
rural, white and black. 

LIA 382A Poetry and Values in 
Contemporary America 

Prof Peter Meinke 

Poems of post- 1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between 
the poet and society. 

LIA 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Prof Sterling Watson 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting 
from such authors as Didion, Ellison, Mala- 
mud, Mailer, O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, 
Bellow. Attendance is required. 

LIL 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited 
to Senior literature majors, with others by 
permission of instructor. 

LIL 430 John Milton Seminar 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Milton's sonnets, epics, drama and prose, in 
the context of his life and times. 

LIL 435 T.S. Eliot and W.B. Yeats 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

Transformation of Romanticism through the 
works of two of the greatest poets of the past 
hundred years. 

LIL 440 The Mythical Method: Yeats, 
Eliot and Joyce 

Prof Jewel Spears Brooker 

The narrative method of telling a story with 
beginning, middle and end, compared with 
experiments of three modem masters with an 
alternative method, fragments unified by ref- 
erence to myth. 

LI/SPC 450/1 (Directed Study) The 
Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca I, II 

For description see Spanish. 

CRA 384A 20th Century American 
Women in the Arts 

Prof Nancy Corson Carter 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 




See International Education. 


The management/leadership programs are 
designed to prepare the student to compete 
effectively for entry into management/leadership 
careers of the student's choice through either 
undergraduate or pre-Masters of Business 
Administration programs. 

The Three Basic Management Programs 

The management programs are designed to 
meet thi-ee categories of student needs: under- 
graduate majors in management; minors in 
management; and dual majors. 

The management program is designed both to 
prepare students for entry level positions in 
management and to provide the necessary 
educational foundation for admission into 
MBA (Master of Business Administration) 
programs. Many institutions offering graduate 
programs in business give graduate credit or 
waive graduate courses where students have 
developed adequate proficiencies at the un- 
dergraduate level. The management curricu- 
lum is designed to maximize these benefits by 
providing a strong core progam leading to a 
B.A. degree in Management. 

All management majors are required to com- 
plete the following core requirements: 

Freshman Computers and MIS or 

Introduction to Computer 

Statistical Methods 
Quantitative Methods or 

Calculus I 

(or Managerial Economics, 

normally taken in the Junior or 

Senior year) 

Sophomore Principles of Accounting 

Junior Business Law 

The following courses may not be taken until 

the student has Junior or Senior status: 

Junior Managerial Enterprise 

Principles of Marketing 
Organizational Behavior/ 


Senior Personnel Management 

Business Policy and Strategic 

Comprehensives in Management 

Concentrations in management may be elected 
in accounting, business administration, finance 
and investments, marketing, and personnel 
and human resources management. For the 
requirements of these concentrations, see the 
management faculty. 

A minor in management consists of the follow- 
ing five courses: either Computers and MIS or 
Introduction to Computer Science, Managerial 
Enterprise, Principles of Marketing, Organi- 
zational Behavior, and either Principles of 
Accounting or Finance. 

Students must also meet all general education 
requirements to graduate. 

MNB/MAN 120 Quantitative Methods for 
Economics and Management 

For description see Mathematics. 

MNB/CSN 202 Cobol Programming 

Problem solving using the Cobol Language. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 
hour tests, final examination. Prerequisite: 
CSN 103M or 143M and permission of the 

MNB/PLL 242S Ethics of Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Prof. Judith Green 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organizational decisions, policies and actions. 
Analyzing situations which require moral de- 
cisions in the organizational context. Sopho- 
more or higher standing. 

MNB 271 Principles of Accounting 

Accounting principles used in the preparation 
and analysis of financial statements, accumu- 
lation of business operating data and its clas- 
sification for financial reporting. Balance sheets 
and income statements. 

MNB 272 Computers and Management 
Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers 
pertaining to computers and information sys- 
tems. Computer terminology, hardware and 
programming, selecting computer and data 
base systems, etc. 



MNB 273 Life Career and Personal 
Financial Planning 

Profs. Ted Doivd, Naueen Malhotra 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal finan- 
cial plan to increase one's quality of life. Of 
special interest to non- management majors. 

MNB 275S The Sex-Role Revolution in 

Issues related to the history, problems and 
prospects of women in management. The 
impact of the sex-role revolution on women 
and men in corporations (the course is not for 
women only). 

MNB 361 Business History 

Prof. George Odiorne 

The growth of managerial enterprise from 
Colonial to modem times, its origins and devel- 
opment and the individuals important in its 
evolution. Prerequisites: 368 and one semester 
of American history. For Juniors and Seniors 

MNB 368 The Managerial Enterprise 

Concepts, theories and management styles of 
contemporary managers. Communication, 
motivation, planning, directing, controlling, 
organizing. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 

MNB 276 An Introduction to Public 

Basic concepts and processes, organization 
theory, budgeting, personnel administration, 
policy analysis, systems theory. Prerequisites: 
introductory behavioral science course and 
Sophomore or higher standing. Not offered 
every year. 

MNB 278 Business Law 

Principles, rationale and application of busi- 
ness law and regulations. Contracts, Uniform 
Commercial Code, creditors' rights, labor, 
torts and property, judicial and administrative 

MNB 369 Principles of Marketing 

Profs. Joseph Bearson, Jaqueline Nicholson 

Principles, problems and methods in distribut- 
ing and marketing goods and services. Pre- 
requisites: ECB 281 and one introductory 
behavioral science course, plus Junior or Sen- 
ior standing. 

MNB 370 Organizational Behavior and 

Prof Bart Tebbs 

Major factors affecting behaxdor in organiza- 
tions. Motivation, group and team dynamics, 
macroorganizational factors, leadership. Pre- 
requisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

MNI 300 International Business and 


See International Education, London 


MNB/C 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 

Profs. Joseph Bearson, Jacqueline Nicholson 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines 
(psychology, sociology, anthropology) to un- 
derstanding the consumer decision-making 
process. The impact and value issues of the 
consumer movement. 

MNB 372 Managerial Accounting 

The information utilized by operating man- 
agement in decision making: determination of 
product cost and profitability, budgeting, pro- 
fit planning, utilization of standard cost and 
financial statement analysis. 

MNB 373 Marketing Communications 

Profs. Joseph Bearson, Jacqueline Nicholson 

Processes and functions of promotion, stra- 
tegies incorporating creative use of advertising, 
publicity, merchandising, direct selling, and 
sales promotion. 

MNB 334C Industrial and Organizational 

Prof Hendrick Serrie 

Applications of anthropology in business, 
industry, rural development programs, foreign 
and domestic governmental agencies. Ethical/ 
moral problems. Field projects. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

MNB 374 Market Intelligence 

Profs. Joseph Bearson, Jacqueline Nicholson 

Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development. Market research, cost/ 
revenue breakdowns, competitive analysis, 
others. Prerequisite: MNB 369, BEB 260M. 



MNB 375 Marketing Channels and 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency 
and economy. Prerequisite: 369. 

MNB 376 Personnel Management 

Managing human resources in an organization. 
Behavioral concepts, specialization, staffing, 
compensation, collective bargaining. Of value 
to management, human resources and edu- 
cation majors. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 

MNB 377 Finance: the Institutional 

Prof. Naueen Malhotra 

A survey of financial markets and institutions 
in both the public and private sectors and their 
impact on society. Prerequisites: MNB 271 
and 368, ECB 281 and 282, and Junior or 
Senior standing. 

MNB 378 Finance: the Investment 

Prof Naveen Malhotra 

Exploration of financial operations in the 
investment world with emphasis on the private 
sector. Prerequisites: MNB 271 and 368, 
ECB 281 and 282, and Junior or Senior 

MNB 382 Intermediate Accounting II 

Continuation in Intermediate Accounting for 
those wishing more sophisticated material. 
Prerequisite: MNB 381. 

MNB 396/496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research I, II 

Prof William Pyle 

Theory and practice of personnel and human 
resources management (PHRM) planning and 
applied research in organizations. Students 
participate in ongoing industry research pro- 
jects of the Human Resource Institute (e.g., 
personnel strategic planning, environmental 
scanning for personnel functions such as re- 
cruitment and training). Prerequisite: 376 and 
permission of instructor. 

MNB 410/498 Business Policy and 
Strategic Management 

The management comprehensive winter term 
project in Business Policy and Strategic 
Management will fulfill the Senior Seminar 
requirement in management. 

MNB 469 Federal Income Tax 

Tax liability determination, capital gains and 
losses, corporation taxes. Subchapter S cor- 
porations, partnership taxation. Outside as- 
signments and case studies. Prerequisite: 

MNB 379 Retail Organization and 

Prof. Jacqueline Nicholson 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical 
facilities, personnel, planning, pricing, legal- 
ities, research techniques, store images, mar- 
ket targets. Prerequisite: 369. 

MNB 380 Professional Salesmanship 

Prof Jacqueline Nicholson 

Communication skills, buyers' motivations, 
individual demonstrations of the basic steps 
to selling, illustrating how selling is a catalyst 
for the entire economy and for society in general. 

MNB 381 Intermediate Accounting I 

The use of accounting data in directing and 
controlling a company's operation. Product 
cost and line profitability, budgeting, profit 
planning, cost and financial statement analysis. 

MNB 471 Advanced Accounting 

Interpretation and application of recent pro- 
nouncements of the Financial Accounting Stan- 
dards Board. Balance sheets, income, changes 
in financial position, financial disclosure state- 
ments. Prerequisite: 371. 

MNB 472 Fairness in Selecting and 
Evaluating Employees 

Prof Bart Tebbs 

Ethical, legal and organizational considera- 
tions, Wanous Model, discrimination, test and 
evaluation fairness. Prerequisites: BEB 260M 
or MAN 133 and one behavioral science intro- 
ductory course. 


Marine Science 

MNB 474 Organizational Development 
and Behavior Management: an 
Introduction and Comparison 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Behavioral science principles and practices 
applied to organizational effectiveness and 
behavior modification. For management, psy- 
chology, human resources and education 
majors. Prerequisites: Senior standing and 
permission of instructor. 

MNB 475 Investment Analysis 

Profs. Ted Dowd, Naueen Malhotra 

Advanced investment course focusing on in- 
depth analysis of specific investment alterna- 
tives using the computer and other sophisti- 
cated techniques. Prerequisites: 377 or 378. 

MNB 477 Entrepreneurship 

Prof Ted Dowd 

Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit 
ventures contributing to society. Entrepre- 
neurial project. Prerequisites: 278, 369, 377 
or 378, and instructor's permission. 

MNB 479 Corporate Finance 

Profs. Ted Dowd, Naueen Malhotra 

An advanced finance course dealing with 
foundations of financial management used in 
organization decision making. Prerequisites: 
272, 377 or 378, and instructor's permission. 

MNB 480 Proctoring in Management 

Prof George Odiorne 

For Senior management majors, leadership 
experience as group trainers using study groups 
from the Managerial Enterprise course. Pref- 
erence given to students who have completed 
comps; others by permission of instructor. 

MNB/IBC 485 International Marketing 

MNB/IBC 486 International Finance and 

For description see International Business. 

MNB 496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research II 

For description see MNB 396. 

MNB 498/410 Business Policy and 
Strategic Management 

For description see MNB 410/498. 


The marine science major provides both an 
integrative science background and specialized 
foundation work especially suitable for stu- 
dents planning professional careers in marine 

Required for a B.S. are: Marine Inverte- 
brates, Marine Geology, Concepts of Chem- 
istry I and II, Calculus I, Fundamentals of 
Physics I and II, Descriptive Physical Ocean- 
ography, and Chemical Oceanography. In ad- 
dition, the specified courses in one of the 
following tracks must be included: Marine 
Biology — Marine Botany, Cell Biology, Ecol- 
ogy or Marine Vertebrates, Genetics, Physi- 
ology, Statistics and an approved mathematics 
course. Marine Chemistry — Organic Chem- 
istry I and n. Analytical Chemistry, Physical 
Chemistry I, Experimental Chemistry I, Cal- 
culus II and Marine Geochemistry. Marine 
Geophysics — Introductory Geology, Calculus 
n and ni. Differential Equations, Classical 
Mechanics, Exploration Geophysics, and 
Structural Geology. 

Required for a B.A. are: an introductory 
oceanography course, and eleven other courses 
from the above list, of which at least three 
must be at the 300-400 level. 
All marine science majors are urged to incor- 
porate Sea Semester into their Junior or Senior 
year, or participate in an alternative field ex- 
perience, possibly during winter term. 

A minor in marine science consists of five 
courses approved for marine science, including 
at least one from each defined track. These 
must not duplicate those used by students to 
satisfy major requirements. 

MSN 119E Introduction to Oceanography 

Prof David Jennings 

For both science and non-science students. 
Biological interactions in oceans and how they 
are affected by physical, chemical and geolog- 
ical forces. Laboratory and field exercises. , 

MSN 207E Introduction to Geology 

Prof William Sayre 

Mineralogy, crustal movements, volcanism, 
ground and surface water, glaciation; history 
of the earth, its inhabitants and surface fea- 


Marine Science 

MSN 208E Environmental Geology 

Prof. William Sayre 

Geological hazards and our use and abuse of 
the earth. Methods of preservation, conser- 
vation and sustained yield. 

MSN 242 Marine Geology 

Prof. William Sayre 

Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction 
to geological oceanography. 

MSN 301 Chemical Oceanography 

Prof David Jennings 

Major, minor and micronutrient elements and 
dissolved gasses. dissolved and particulate 
organic compounds in seawater; formation of 
deep-sea sediments and the geochemistry of 
sediments. The ocean as a chemically unified 
syatem embracing the hydrosphere, biosphere 
and geosphere. Prerequisites: CHN 121 and 

MSN 303 Exploration Geophysics 

Prof William Sayre 

A laboratory course in theory, methods and 
appUcations; computer methods and geolog- 
ical applications emphasized. Prerequisites: 
Calculus II and MSN 207E or 242. 

MSN 305 Marine Stratigraphy and 

Prof William Sayre 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tec- 
tonics. Interpretation of clastic and chemical 
sedimentary rocks to infer processes, environ- 
ments, and tectonic settings in the marine en- 
vironment. Prerequisite: 207E or 242. 

MSN 307 Marine Geochemistry 

Prof David Jennings 

Sources of pollutants and products of erosion 
in the sea, processes of removal, radiometric 
dating of sediments, porewater chemistry and 
sediment diagnosis. Practical field and lab 
techniques. Prerequisites: CHN 121 and 

everyday phenomena such as cloud forma- 
tions, rainbows, mirages and halos. Weather 
folklore and allusions in literature, and the 
effect of weather on history. 

MSN 342 Descriptive Physical 

Prof Dauid Jennings 

Physical properties of seawater, distributions 
of water characteristics in the oceans, water, 
salt and heat budgets, circulation and water 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanogra- 
phy. Prerequisite: PHN 241 or permission of 

MSN 404 Structural Geology 

Prof William Sayre 

Folding and faulting, stress and strain, elas- 
ticity, flexture, heat transfer, and rheology of 
rocks. Prerequisites: Calculus II and MSN 

MSN 408/NAN 410 Marine Science 
Seminar (2-year sequence) 

Topical problems in all disciplines of marine 
science. Junior and Senior marine science 
majors participate for one course credit. 
Sophomores are invited to attend. 

For other courses meeting marine science 
requirements, see Biology, Chemistry, 
Mathematics, Physics, Statistics, Sea 


A marketing concentration may be elected by 
a student as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing to do so must meet 
requirements for the management major. See 
Management for descriptions of those re- 
quirements and courses. 

MSN 308E Introductory Meteorology 

Prof David Jennings 

The origin of the atmosphere, the scientific 
principles underlying weather patterns, and 




The basic requirement for either the B.A. or 
B.S. degree is the completion of eight math- 
ematics courses numbered above 233. Inde- 
pendent study courses in special topics in 
mathematics also may be used in satisfying 
this requirement. This wide flexibility permits 
a program of study to be tailored to the indi- 
vidual student's interests. The Mathematical 
Sciences Seminar is required in the Junior and 
Senior years. All mathematics courses taken 
are applicable to the collegial requirement of 
1 2 natural science courses for the B.A. degree, 
and 16 natural science courses for the B.S. 

A minor in mathematics requires completion 
of five mathematics courses of which at least 
three are numbered above 233. 

MAN lOlM College Algebra 

Polynomial algebraic and rational functions 
and their properties. Analytical geometry/ 
sketching graphs, zeros of functions, mathe- 
matical induction, equations and inequalities. 

MAN 103M Trigonometry 

Functions and their graphs: inverses, expo- 
nential and logarithmic functions, proving 
identities, solving equations and developing 
complex numbers. Prerequisite: lOlM or two 
years of high school algebra. 

MAN 104M Mathematics for Liberal Arts 

AppUcationsofmathematics to real problems: 
graphing, equations and inequalities, proba- 
bility, statistics, consumer mathematics, use 
of computer. Students will use calculators. 

MAN 105M Precalculus Mathematics 

A combination of college algebra and trigo- 
nometry to the depth necessary for the study 
of calculus. Use of calculators is expected. 

MAN/MNB 120 Quantitative Methods 
for Economics and Management 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied 
which are useful in helping managers and econ- 
omists make decisions. Prerequisite: lOlM, 
105M or placement at the 13 IM level. 

MAN 131M Calculus I 

First in two course sequence. Applications to 
physical sciences and economics. Prerequisite: 

10 IM, 105M or four years of high schoo 
mathematics with no grade below B in last twc 

MAN 132 Calculus II 

Continuation of Calculus I. Exponential, loga 
rithmic and trigonometric functions, forma 
intergration techniques and applications 
Taylor polynomials and infinite series. Pre 
requisite: 131M. 

MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

Probability and statistics, and their uses in th( 
natural sciences. Prerequisite: 13 IM. Credi 
will be given for only one of MAN 133 or BEE 

MAN 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, per- 
mutations, combinations; introduction tc 
probability, logic. Boolean algebra, difference 
equations. Emphasis on discrete rather thar 
continuous aspects. Prerequisite: 13 IM. 

MAN 233 Calculus III 

Three-dimensional analytic geometry, partia 
and directional derivatives, extrema of functions 
of several variables, multiple integrations. 
Prerequisite: 132. 

MAN 234 Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorem, lineai 
differential equations of second or highei 
orders, Frobenius and Laplace methods, nu- 
merical methods for solving differential equa- 
tions. Prerequisite: 132. 

MAN 236 Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, ma- 
trices, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and system! 
of linear equations. Prerequisites: 13 IM and 
permission of instructor, or 132. 

MAN 237 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Topics fundamental to applied mathematics 
that deal with finite or discrete sets. Prereq-j 
uisite: 132. 

MAN 238 Optimization Techniques 

Maximization and minimization with and with- 
out constraints; introduction to linear and non- 
linear programming. Prerequisite: 233 or 236 
and permission of instructor. 



MAN 333 Probability and Statistics I 

Probability theory, random variables and 
sampling, distribution functions, point and 
interval estimation, regression theory, non- 
parametric tests and mathematical develop- 
ment of topics. Prerequisite: 132 or permis- 
sion of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Continuation of MAN 333, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 335 Abstract Algebra I 

Two-course sequence. Naive set theory, inte- 
gers, groups, rings, integral domains, vector 
spaces, development of fields. Prerequisite: 
132 or 236. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MAN 335, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 337 Foundations of Geometry 

Euclidian and non-Euclidian geometry with 
axiomatic approach. Appropriate for prospec- 
tive teachers. Prerequisite: 132 or permission 
of instructor. 

MAN 338 Graph Theory 

Gives students a better abihty for proving 
theorems, solving problems using graphs, and 
a foundation for those wanting to continue in 
graduate work in computer science or applied 
mathematics. Prerequisite: 236. 

MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 

Students are assumed to know a programming 
language such as PASCAL or BASIC, or be 
able to use programmable pocket calculator 
with permanent memory. Prerequisite: 233 or 
permission of instructor. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars and 

NAN 438. 

MAN 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence. The real num- 
bers as a complete ordered field, derivatives, 
Riemann integrals, Euclidean n-space, partial 
derivatives, vector-valued functions of vector 
variables, multiple, infinite, Une and surface 

integrals, infinite series, Green's and Stoke's 
theorems. Prerequisite: 233. Offered in alter- 
nate years. 

MAN 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MAN 433, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

NAN 438/410 Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar (2-year sequence) 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors who are 
majoring in physics, computer science, and 
mathematics. AppUcation of the mathematical 
sciences with nature and folklore included. 

MAN 499 Independent Research — 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invi- 
tation of the mathematics faculty, do research 
and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of that faculty. 
See also Computer Science. 


The Medical Technology program offers stu- 
dents a B.S. or B.A. degree by completing 
three years of general studies here and a fourth 
year of professional course work at a hospital 
which has been approved by the Council on 
Medical Education of The American Medical 

The general studies program at Eckerd College 
must include a minimum of eleven courses in 
the Natural Sciences which are required for 
certification: four courses in biology (including 
microbiology and immunology); four courses 
in chemistry (including organic), one course in 
mathematics (normally calculus), and two 
courses in physics. Completion of the all- 
college general education requirements is 
expected of all graduates. Senior general edu- 
cation courses should be taken in advance. 
The professional course work taken during the 
Senior year requires that the student spend 1 2 
months in training at a certified hospital to 
which he/she has gained admission. The stu- 
dent receives college credit for the laboratory 
courses taken in that clinical setting. The bac- 
calaureate is awarded on successful comple- 
tion of this course work with a major in inter- 
disciplinary science. 



In addition, the student receives certification 
by the American Society of Clinical Pathol- 
ogists (ASCP) after passing an official exam- 
ination. Supervision of clinical course work 
during the Senior year is carried out by a Pro- 
gram Director (an M.D. certified in clinical 
pathology by the American Board of Pathology) 
and an Educational Coordinator (a medical 
technologist certified by the Registry of Medical 
Technologists). At Bayfront Medical Center, 
where we have sent most of our students, the 
program is supervised by Larry J. Davis, M.D., 
and Susan Durand, M.T. (ASCP). 


For description see Marine Science. 


MLR 100 Introduction to Military 

Prof. Kevin Keating 

Mission, organization and contemporary issues 
of the U.S. Army. Leadership techniques, in- 
ternational relations. Possible career opportun- 
ities. A two semester course for one credit. 

MLR 200 Military Leadership 

Prof. Kevin Keating 

Principles of leadership and accomplishing 
goals under adverse conditions. Classroom 
and laboratories. A two- semester course for 
one semester credit. 


A major in modern languages consists of a 
minimum of eight courses above the elemen- 
tary level in a primary language, with a Senior 
thesis or comprehensive exam in that lan- 
guage, plus four courses in a secondary lan- 
guage above the elementary level, as deter- 
mined by the individual disciplines. The over- 
all comprehensive exam will include the 
secondary language. The examining committee 
will consist of professors of both languages, 
and the proficiencies examined on the courses 
taken will be: understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing. It is strongly recommended that 
students include elective courses that are re- 
lated to the languages pursued. A minimum of 
one month of residence abroad in the environ- 
ment of the primary foreign language is advised. 


The major in music consists of Comprehen- 
sive Musicanship courses I, 11, IE, IV, V and 
VI, plus two additional music courses. In addi- 
tion, a student must be enrolled for one hour 
per week in appHed music instruction and par- 
ticipation in one of the ensemble programs, 
operating through the music discipline during ^ 
each term of residency. 

A minor in music shall consist of a minimum of 
five courses: Comprehensive Musician I; two 
other Comprehensive Musicianship courses; 
one course elected from the discipline's offer- 
ings approved by the discipline faculty to ensure 
balance in the student's program; and one 
performance course. The performance course 
may be either an applied music or ensemble 
course, or a combination of the two for one 
semester each. A student may elect to take 
more than one performance course, but only 
one will be credited toward the minor in 

MUA 145 Comprehensive Musicianship L 
for Majors 

Prof Marion Smith 

Fundamentals of tonal harmony, practice in 
four-part chordal writing, sightreading, ear 
training and analysis of simple homophonic 
styles. Two one-hour labs in aural skills re- 
quired each week. 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music 

Prof Joan Epstein 

The best and most significant music of the 
West approached stylistically and historically, 
with special focus on Stravinsky's Petrushka. 
Not intended for music majors. 

MUA 224 Jazz, its Music and Style 

Prof Joan Epstein 

Roots and developments of jazz, with emphasis 
on such innovators and synthesizers as Louis 
Armstrong, Thelonius Monk and Sonny Rol- 

MUA 226A American Music and Values 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Impact of the American pioneer experience on 
folk, popular and art music. Slave songs to 
electronic works. Freshmen discouraged from 


MUA 242 Comprehensive Musicianship 
II: Medieval and Renaissance Music 

Prof. Marion Smith 

History, theory, performance practices and 
cultural context of Western music from the 
start of the Christian era to 1600. Prerequisite: 
145 or equivalent. 

MUA 245 Choral Literature and 

Prof. Marion Smith 

Study and performance of masterworks of 
choral music. Concerts given both on and off 
campus. Chamber chorus chosen from mem- 
bership of the larger group. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. Admission by 
audition with instructor. 

MUA 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Prof Joan Epstein 

Participation in small ensembles for strings, 
brass or woodwinds. Repertoire from Renais- 
sance to present. Four hours per week for two 
semesters earns one course credit Permission 
of instructor required. 

MUA 266/7 Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in 
perf"ormance, research, and areas of study not 
provided for in regular semester courses, by 
permission of instructor. 

MUA 341 Comprehensive Musicianship 
III: the Baroque Period 

Prof Marion Smith 

The literature and associated stylistic analysis 
of music from Monteverdi through Bach (c. 
1600-1750). Prerequisite: 145 or permission 
of instructor. 

MUA 342 Comprehensive Musicianship 
rV: Music of the Classic Period 

F*rof Joan Epstein 

Development of 18th century classical style 
through the music of Haydn, Mozart and 
Beethoven. Prerequisites: 145, 242, and 341 
or permission of instructor. 

MUA 350 (Directed Study) 20th Century 

Prof Joan Epstein 

Important works by major composers of this 
century, Ustening to recordings of their works, 


along with the history of the period. Open to all 
students; ability to read standard musical scor- 
ing at minimal level helpful. 

MUA 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

Prof Marion Smith 

A continuation of MUA 145, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the 
late 19th century. Two one-hour labs in aural 
skills required each week. Permission of in- 
structor required. 

MUA 366/7 Music Projects II 

Prof Marion Smith 

For advanced music students who wish to pur- 
sue work on specialized topics in depth, includ- 
ing composition. Permission of instructor 

MUA 442 Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, string, 
brass and woodwind instruments. One private 
lesson, one hour class meeting, and a mini- 
mum of six hours per week individual practice 
required for two semesters, for one course 
credit. Permission of instructor required. 

MUA 443 Comprehensive Musicianship 
V: The Romantic Period — the 19th 

Prof Marion Smith 

A study of the music of the 19th century from 
late Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, 
Chopin and Wagner, among others. Prereq- 
uisite: 145 or permission of instructor. 

MUA 444 Comprehensive Musicianship 
VI: Contemporary Period 

Prof Joan Epstein 

Beginning with Debussy, contemporary music 
through the various mainstream composers. 
Post World War 11 events, such as aleatoric, 
electronic and computerized composition are 
included. Prerequisite: 145 or permission of 




A concentration in personnel and human re- 
sources management may be elected by a stu- 
dent as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing to do so must meet 
requirements for the management major. The 
PHRM concentration should not be confused 
with the human resources major which is de- 
signed to prepare students for the helping 

See Management. 


Students majoring in philosophy will develop 
with their Mentor a program of study including 
a minimum of eight courses, including one 
logic course and one ethics course; at least 
theee courses from the History of Philosophy 
series (other philosophy courses with a signif- 
icant historical component may be substituted 
upon approval of the philosophy faculty); 
Contemporary Philosophical Methodology; 
and other upper level courses focused on the 
student's particular philosophical interests. In 
addition, philosophy majors are expected to 
take complementary courses in other disci- 
plines that will provide background and breadth 
in their program of study. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philo- 
sophy courses, to be approved by the philo- 
sophy coordinator. 

PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around 
us, and major philosophical issues of value and 
meaning. Study works of several great philo- 
sophers to help students develop their own 

PLL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Prof. Peter Pav 
Methods of critical and logical analysis of 
language and thought. Helps develop critical, 
analytical reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PLL 220 Existentialism 

Prof. Bruce Foltz 

A provocatively modem approach to many of 
the issues of the philosophical tradition; the 


existential foundations of art, religion, science j 
and technology. j 

PLL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural 
and supernatural, religious experience, sources 
of religious knowledge, faith and reason in the 
past and future. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 2418 Ethics 

Prof. Judith Green 
Various systems for judging good and bad, 
right and wrong. Definitions of the good life, • 
ethical theories and their application to issues 
such as abortion, civil rights, war and peace 
censorship, etc. 

PLL/MNB 242S Ethics of Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Prof Judith Green 
For description see Management. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

Prof Bruce Foltz 

A philosophical investigation of our relation- 
ship to the natural environment, and how these 
considerations affect our moral obligations to 
other people, as well as future generations. 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Prof. Judith Green 

Major social and political theories that have 
been influential in the West. Contemporary 
political theory examined in light of classical • 
tradition and historical movements. Offered | 
alternate years. ; 

PLL 261 A Philosophy and Film 

Prof Judith Green 
Viewing films, discussing them, and readinjf 
philosophical essays about film, art, believing, 
and the difficulties of living well. How themes 
from some major contemporary films reflect 
persisting philosophical themes. 

PLL 263A Aesthetics 

Prof Judith Green 

Examine various answers to questions asked 
from ancient times by philosophers, artists 
and other thoughtful people about the nature 
of art, beauty, and the role of the arts and 
artists in society. 



PLL311 Major Philosophers 

An intensive study of a single major philoso- 
pher. May be taken more than once for credit 
with focus on different philosophers. 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American phil- 
osophy from the colonial period to the 20th 
century. Prerequisite: some background in the 
humanities or permission of instructor. 

PLL 321 History of Philosophy: Greek 
and Roman 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C.-A.D. 100, 
with emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre- 
Socratics, Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato 
and Aristotle. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 322 History of Philosophy: Medieval 
and Renaissance 

Philosophical thought from ebb of Rome 
through rise of modern Europe, including 
developments in Jewish and/or Islamic, and 
Christian philosophy. Faith and reason, realism 
and nominalism, mysticism and rationalism, 
Platonism and Aristotelianism. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

PLL323 History of Philosophy: 17th-18th 

Descartes through Kant as response to the 
Scientific Revolution. Comparison of rational- 
ism and empiricism. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 324 History of Philosophy: 19th 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social 
and scientific philosophy, existentialism, 
Hegel, Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, 
Nietzsche, others. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 325 History of Science 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Physical science from 600 B.C.-A.D. 1700. 
Major discoveries and scientists, different 
approaches to science, the interrelationship 
between science and society. 

taken more than once for credit with different 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical 

Development of philosophical analysis and 
existentialism as the two main philosophical 
movements of the 20th century. Freshmen 
require permission of instructor. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

PLL 344 Varieties of Marxism 

Prof. Judith Green 

Selections from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, 
Stalin; Chinese, Latin American and European 
interpretations of Marx. Some background in 
philosophy, economics or political theory re- 
quired. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 345 Symbolic Logic 

Prof Peter Pav 

Logic as an object of study, not an inferential 
tool. Derivability, completeness, analyticity, 
categoricity and consistency. Prerequisite: 
102M or permission of instructor. Offered 
alternate years. 

PLL 348 Philosophical Theology 

Prof. Bruce Foltz 

A philosophical study of the nature of God and 
the relation of God and world, based on read- 
ings from early Greek philosophy to the present 

PLL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Recent controversies on the scientific expla- 
nation between formal logical analysis and the 
informal, heuristic aproach. Analysis of laws 
and theories. Examples from the history of 
science. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 361 Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Prof Judith Green 

Major contemporary schools of thought in 
moral philosophy. Prerequisite: some back- 
ground in philosophy, reUgious studies, psy- 
chology, literature or related disciplines. 

PLL 33 1/332 Special Topics in Philosophy 

Philosophical study of one or more aspects of 
culture, such as sport, unorthodox science, 
sexuality, mass communication, artificial in- 
telligence, literature and technology. May be 


Physical Education 

PLL 362 Contemporary Political 

Prof. Judith Green 

Major contemporary schools of thought in po- 
litical philosophy. Prerequisite: some back- 
ground in philosophy, political science, history, 
economics, American studies or literature. 

PLL 363 Philosophy of Economics 

Prof. Judith Green 

Comparison of two competing schools of 
thought in contemporary poUtical economy 
that have developed from classical statements 
of their positions in the works of Adam Smith 
and Karl Marx, and their implications for 
human welfare. 

PLL 365 Philosophy of History 

Prof Bruce Foltz 

Consideration of the meaning of history and 
such questions as: is history leading anywhere? 
does it result in anything genuinely new, or is it 
an "eternal recurrence of the same"? 

PLL 366 Philosophy of Political 

Prof Judith Green 

Human needs and social justice, barriers to 
the realization of human dignity and rights, 
relative justifiability of alternate methods of 
social change, case studies in social change. 
Seminar course emphasizing extensive student 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 

Intensive investigation of philosophical meth- 
odologies, designed to help students practice 
philosophy in an original manner. Emphasis 
on independent study. Prerequisite: one or 
more upper-level philosophy course or per- 
mission of instructor. May be taken more than 
once for credit in order to study different 

LTL 30 1 A A Nation of Poets andThinkers: 

Art and Philosophy in Modern German 


For description see Aesthetic Perspective 


LTL/NAN 283 E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

LTL 303E The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values « 

For descriptions see Environmental Perspec- | 
tive Courses. 


A major in philosophy/religion will include 
eleven courses, five in philosophy, five in reli- 
gious studies, and Philosophy of Religion. The 
program will ordinarily culminate in a Senior 
thesis. Required courses in philosophy are: two 
from 101, 102M, 241; two from321, 322, 323, 
324; one other upper-level course. Required 
courses in religious studies are: 20 IS; one 
from 203C, 204C; three other upper-level 
courses. Additional upper-level courses in each 
discipline are recommended, and any change 
in these requirements must have the approval 
of faculty of both disciplines. 


PEB 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Prof James Harley 

Investigating physical education as a career. 
Minimum 20 hours in local schools in pre- 
internship program. Personal interview re- 
quired. Open to upperclass students. 

PEB 123 Fitness and Skills 

Prof James Hariey 

Introduction to many skills, with emphasis on 
promoting a lifetime of physical activity through 
at least one skill. Vigorous exercise program 
for the entire year. Medical clearance required. 
Open to upperclass students. 

PEB 321 Athletic Coaching 

Prof John Mayotte 

Social-psychological problems of coaching 
today, the role of sports, developing a philo- 
sophy of coaching. Sports programs from youth 
leagues to collegiate athletics. Teaching styles, 
training, sports psychology. 

The following activities are available, but 
do not carry course credit' 

Red Cross Advanced First Aid and 

Emergency Care 

Red Cross Beginning Swimming 

Red Cross Intermediate and Swimmer 




Red Cross Advanced Lifesaving 
Red Cross Water Safety Instructor 
Beginning Tennis 
Advanced Tennis 


For the B.A. degree, students majoring in 
physics normally take the following courses: 
Fundamental Physics I, II, III, Electronics, 
Classical Mechanics, Electricity and Magne- 
tism, Quantum Physics I, Calculus I, II, III. For 
the B.S. degree, additional courses normally 
included are Quantum Physics II and selected 
advanced mathematics courses, along with 
Senior Thesis, and Concept in Chemistry I, II. 
The Mathematical Sciences Seminar is re- 
quired in the Junior and Senior years. Students 
may arrange independent or directed study 
courses in advanced subjects to suit their 

PHN 241 Fundamental Physics I 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Three course sequence, Fundamental Physics 
I, II, ni, presents a contemporary view of con- 
cepts in elementary form. Prerequisite: MAN 
131M or permission of insructor. 

PHN 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Second of elementary physics sequence. Pre- 
requisite: 241 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 243 Fundamental Physics III 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Continuation of elementary physics sequence. 
Prerequisite: 242 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 341 Classical Mechanics 

Prof Wilbur Block 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, 
waves, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formula- 
tions of dynamics. Prerequisites: PHN 242 
and MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 342 Electricity and Magnetism 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric 
and magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Elec- 
tromagnetic wave theory introduced. Prereq- 
uisites: PHN 242 and MAN 234 or permission 
of instructor. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars and 
NAN 438 below. 

NAN 438/410 Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar (2 Year Sequence) 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring 
in physics, computer science and mathematics. 
For description see Mathematics. 

PHN 443 Quantum Physics I 

Prof Harry Ellis 

Modern quantum theory and relativity. Com- 
parison of classical and quantum results. 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

PHN 444 Quantum Physics II 

Prof Harry Ellis 

Three-dimensional wave equation and appli- 
cation to hydrogen atoms. Identical particles 
introduced with emphasis on low-energy scat- 
tering. Prerequisite: 433 or permission of 

PHN 499 Independent Research — 

Outstanding students majoring in physics nor- 
mally are invited to engage in active research 
and to prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior 
comprehensive exam. 

NAN 204 Electronics 

Prof Wilbur Block 

Electronic circuit theory utilizing modem 
electronic techniques and instrumentation. 

NAN 205 Descriptive Astronomy 

Prof Wilbur Block 

Origin and evolution of the solar system, and 
our relationship to the universe. Telescopic 
observation sessions of moon, planets and 

NAN 209E Our Environment: The 

NAN 244E Energy and Environment 

NAN 282E The Long Journey 

For description see Environmental 
Perspective Courses. 


Political Science 


NAN 150 (Directed Study) The 

Prof. Irving Foster 

A non-mathematical study of creation and 
evolution, starting with the Big Bang theory 
and concentrating on the physical universe. 

NAN 151 (Directed Study) The World of 

Prof. Irving Foster 

The creation of life, the evolutionary history of 
the biosphere, and the study of life in com- 
munities provide an overview of life on earth, 
past and present. 

NAN 251 (Directed Study) The Futures of 
Humanity: Worlds of Science Fiction 

F^of Irving Foster 

Student will gain an awareness of the many 
possible futures which can grow from the 
potentialities already present, through a study 
of science fiction. 


Students majoring in political science will 
affiliate with either the Letters or Behavioral 
Science Collegium, depending on their indi- 
vidual career or research plans. Both require 
the completion of Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics, and either 
Introduction to Comparative Government or 
Introduction to International Relations. Be- 
yond the two introductory courses, all students 
must complete six additional non-introductory 
political science courses including at least one 
from each member of the political science 
faculty. All political science majors must also 
complete Statistical Methods and the political 
science senior seminar. Students with specific 
career or research interests not adequately 
covered by the discipline can substitute one 
course from another discipline for one upper- 
level political science course with prior ap- 
proval of the political science faculty. Stu- 
dents are encouraged to use one winter term to 
explore their career or research interests 
through an appropriate internship. With the 
approval of the political science faculty, one 
winter term internship can fulfill a political 
sceince major requirement. 

Students may also earn a minor in political 
science with successful completion of POL 

four additional non-introductory courses spread 
across the political science faculty. 

POL 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

Prof Robert Wigton 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and 
functions. Congress, Supreme Court, federal 
bureaucracy, and several major areas of policy 
making conducted by the national government 

POB 103C Introduction to International 

Fi-of Anthony Brunello 

National and international political relation- 
ships, origins of war, the international system, 
rich and poor nations and the politics of hunger, 
and alternate concepts to the present system. 

POB 104C Introduction to Comparative 

Issues of the past three decades through exam- 
ination of Britain, France, Germany, USSR 
and Mexico, laying the foundation for further 
study in comparative politics and/or inter- 
national relations. 

POL 20 IS Civil Liberties 

Prof Robert Wigton 

The interplay of politics and social and eco- 
nomic conditions, and the law in such areas as 
free speech, religion, race and sex discrimi- 
nation, loyalty, poverty, and fair governmental 

POL 202 Public Policy-Making in America 

Prof Robert Wigton 

Introduction to the general policy-making 
process. Formulation of new policies and pro- 
grams, implementation, evaluation of federal , 
programs. Policy areas such as unemployment 
and environment. 

POB 21 IC U.S. Foreign Policy and Latin 

Historical examination of continuities and 
changes in U.S. policy toward Latin America 
from Manifest Destiny to Reagan's "secret 
war" in Central America, from a range of ideo- 
logical and scholarly perspectives. Prerequisite: 
POB 103C. 


Political Science 

POB 221 Revolution and Political 

Prof. Anthony Brunello 

Causes and nature of political violence and 
revolution as related to human behavior theory. 
Theories on causes of revolution, concepts of 
liberation, consequences and responsibilities 
of interstate relations during times of crisis. 
Recommended: POL 102S and either POB 

POL 301 The Constitution and Govern- 
ment Power 

Prof. Robert Wigton 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, execu- 
tive and legislative branches of national govern- 
ment, analysis of major constitutional issues 
of federalism and powers of the states. Supreme 
Court decisions. Prerequisite: POL 102S. 

POL 302 The Constitution and Individual 

Prof Robert Wigton 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual 
and the government (the Bill of Rights, due 
process, equal protection, privileges and 
immunities, etc.). Prerequisite: POL 102S. 

POL 303 The American Presidency 

Prof Robert Wigton 

The Presidency as a political and constitu- 
tional office, its growth and development from 
Washington to the present. Prerequisite: POL 

POL 304 U.S. Congress 

Prof Robert Wigton 

The U.S. legislative process with major atten- 
tion to the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives. Roles of lawmakers, legislative behavior, 
and representative government in theory and 
fact. Prerequisite: POL 102S. 

POL 305 Political Parties and Interest 

Prof Robert Wigton 

Party organization and functions at national, 
state and county levels, and other institutions 
and activities competing for party functions. 
Prerequisite: two courses in U.S. politics or 
history or social organization. 

POB 311 Latin American Political Systems 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 
20th century, comparison of political systems 
and people, and future prospects. Prerequ- 
isite: POL 102S and either POB 103C or 104C. 

POB 312 Politics of Underdevelopment 

An introduction to the politics of underde- 
velopment in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 
focusing on the causes and consequences of 

POB 313 Seminar in Democratic 

The philosophical roots of democratic theory, 
theoretical requisites of a democratic society 
and their practical political/economic implica- 
tions in the modem world. Prerequisite: POL 
102S and two other political science courses. 

POB 32 1 C Comparative European Politics 

Prof Anthony Brunello 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, 
major institutions of government, as well as 
culture, history and contemporary political 
problems. POB 104C recommended or in- 
structor's permission. 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

Prof. Anthony Brunello 

Structure and emergence of 20th century 
authoritarian regimes, including Fascism, 
corporatism, military governments, one- party 
Communist states and personalist dictator- 
ships. A previous political science course is 
highly recommended. 

POB 323 International Relations: Crises 
in World Politics 

Prof. Anthony Brunello 

Problems and origins of conflict among sov- 
ereign states in the contemporary world. Origins 
of war and cold war. Modem characteristics of 
international politics. Previous study of political 
science helpful, particularly American politics. 

POB 410 Senior Seminar: The U.S. and 
the Vietnam Experience 

History of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia 
and impact of the Vietnam experience on U.S. 
policy making in the 1980s. Causes of war, 
international mechanisms for conflict resolution, 
comparative development strategies and Third 
World political systems. 


POB 411 Research Strategies in 
Comparative Politics 

Advanced seminar focusing on methods of 
inquiry, and tracing changes in questions, 
assumptions and goals underlying post- 1945 
comparative politics. Prerequisite: Senior 
level course for political science majors. Juniors 
admitted with permission of instructor. 

POB 421 Comparative Judicial Politics 

Prof. Anthony Brunello 

Judicial politics across political systems. Re- 
lationship among law, society and public policy 
in European, socialist and non-Western sys- 
tems. The inner workings, view of justice, and 
social/cultural development of other civil so- 
cieties. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 


PGC 101/2 Portuguese for Spanish 

Prof. Gerald Dreller 

Brazilian Portuguese through drills in speak- 
ing, writing and understanding both written 
and spoken forms. 


Students majoring in psychology will complete 
a common core of ten courses and a Senior 
Seminar, normally taken in the following se- 

Freshman year: Introduction to Psychology 
(with a C or better), Statistical Methods (with 
a C or better), Human Learning and Cogni- 

Sophomore year: Introduction to Clinical 
and Counseling Psychology, Psychology of 
Childhood and Adolescence, Experimental 
Psychology (with a C or better), Psychological 
Tests and Measurements. 

Junior year: Social Psychology, Biopsychol- 
ogy. Personality Theory and Reasearch, Psy- 
chology of Consciousness. 

Senior year: History and Systems, and 
development of an area of special competence 
through advanced study, independent research, 
special topics, advanced courses, practicum 
experience where appropriate. 

A minor in psychology must include PSB 201, 
202, 205, 306, and PSA 308. 

PSB lOlS Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical 
methods, statistical concepts, biopsychology, 
learning, memory, cognition, motivation, 
human development, personality, abnormal 
behavior, social processes, values issues in 
research and intervention in human lives. 

PSB 201 Experimental Psychology 

Prof James MacDougall 

Research methodology, experiments, analysis 
of data. Observational techniques, correlational 
and laboratory methods. Prerequisites: PSB 
101 S and BEB 260M with a C or better. 

PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

Prof Jeffrey Howard 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, 
cognitive/intellectual, social/emotional devel- 
opment from conception to the end of ado- 
lescence. Prerequisite: lOlS with a C or 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and 

Prof Jeffrey Howard 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intel- 
lectual and social changes beyond adoles- 
cence. Prerequisite: 10 IS with a C or better. 

PSB 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Prof James MacDougall 

Principles of human learning, thinking, crea- 
tivity, formal reasoning, information process- 
ing, problem solving and memory. Prerequi- 
sites: 101 S with a C or better. 

PSB 206S Personality and Adjustment 

Prof Sal Capobianco 

Theories of personality, their relevance to 
everyday living, coping strategies, stress man- 
agement, emotions and other topics on adjust- 
ment. Application of psychological knowledge 
to problems all of us face in our daily lives. 

PS/EDA 207 Group Dynamics 

For description see Education. 



PS/HRA 302 Gestalt Theory and Practice 

Prof. Thomas West 

A foundation stone in the human potential 
process, serving therapy, personal growth, 
education, creativity and self-awareness. Pre- 
requisite: PSB 101 with a C or better or per- 
mission of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

PSB 302 Social Psychology 

Prof. Mark Davis 

The study of the individual in a social environ- 
ment, group influence, past and present con- 
cepts and research. Experimental approach to 
understanding social forces which affect indi- 
viduals. Prerequisites: PSB 10 IS and BEE 
260M with a C or better. 

PSB 306 Personality Theory and 

Prof Jeffrey Howard 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the 
study of classical and contemporary approaches 
to personality. Prerequisites: lOlS, 201, and 
307 with a C or better. 

PSB 307 Psychological Tests and 

Reliability, vaUdity, psychological and mea- 
surement assumptions underlying interviews, 
self- report inventories, aptitude tests; major 
instruments and their uses; ethical issues in 
testing. Prerequisites: PSB 10 IS and BEB 
260M with a C or better. 

PS/HRA 308 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology 

Prof Thomas West 

Overviewof the helping professions, personal- 
ity theory, human development, processes of 
counseUng/therapy, research, self-awareness 
and assessment. Prerequisite: PSB 10 IS with 
C or better, and HR A 1 1 , or permission of in- 

PS/HRA 309 Behavior Disorders 

Prof Thomas West 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged 
by society to be abnormal, deviant or unac- 
ceptable, using such models for understanding 
as the psychoanalytic, medical, behavioristic 
and humanistic-existential. Prerequisites: 
PSB 101 S with C or better and PS/HRA 308, 
or permission of instructor. 

PSB 309 Biopsychology 

Prof Sal Capobianco 

The application of neurological and neuro- 
physical principles to understanding such 
phenomena as consciousness, instinct, moti- 
vation, learning, thought, language, memory, 
emotion. Appropriate for Juniors and Seniors 
with backgrounds in psychology or natural 

PS B 3 10 Research Seminar in Behavioral 

Prof James MacDougall 

Students work as a research team to design, 
conduct, analyze and write up an experiment; 
an opportunity to conduct publishable research 
in the field. Prerequisite: PSB 201 with C or 

PSB 320 Applications of Psychology 

Prof Mark Davis 

Applications to areas of health, legal system, 
mass media, work settings, political process, 
etc. to provide a broad view of psychology's 
contributions to important issues of the modem 
world. Prerequisite: PSB 101 S and BEB 260M, 
with a C or better. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth 
Experience in a Changing Great Britain 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

PSA 383 S Psychology of Consciousness 

Prof Thomas West 

Psychology studies both behavior and con- 
sciousness. This perspective emphasizes 
consciousness, both normal and altered states. 
Theory, resegirch, practices and new paradigms 
of reality, health and creativity. 

PSB 402 Research Seminar in 

Designed for students to do original research. 
Prerequisites: PSB lOlS and BEB 260M with 
a C or better, and PSB 20 1 or permission of in- 

PS/HRA 403 Practicum in Peer 


PS/HRA 405 Practicum in Group Work 

For descriptions see Human Resources. 


Religious Studies 

PSB 410 Senior Seminar: History and 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

A synthetic overview of the history and major 
theoretical systems of modem psychology. 
Prerequisites: Senior standing and major pre- 
paration in psychology. 

PS/EDA 421 Psychology for Education 

For description see Education. 

PSA/B 499 Independent Research — 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an 
independent study project with one of the 
faculty. Directed research leading to a Senior 
thesis is available by invitation of the faculty 


See Philosophy/Religion. 


Students majoring in religious studies must 
take the basic course, Introduction to Religious 
Studies, and at least two courses from each of 
the following areas: Biblical studies, historical 
and theological studies, philosophy of religion 
and ethics, and non-Western religions. Com- 
petency in the religious studies major will be 
determined by successful completion of all 
courses and a comprehensive exam or thesis. 
Directed and independent study courses may 
be taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

For a minor in religious studies a student must 
take five courses in the discipline, subject to 
the approval of the discipline staff. 
An interdisciplinary concentration in religious 
education is also available. This concentration 
will entail work in three academic areas: Bib- 
lical and theological studies; psychology and 
counseling studies; and education studies. This 
concentration should appeal especially to stu- 
dents contemplating professional careers with 
church and synagogue, and to students who 
wish to work as lay people in rehgious insti- 

REC/L 20 IS Introduction to Religious 

Religious experience and ideas as they are 
expressed in such cultural forms as commu- 
nity, ritual, myth, doctrine, ethics, scripture 
and art; synthesizing personal religious ideas 
and values. 

REL 203C Old Testament Judaism 

Prof Stanley Chesnut 

The culture of ancient Israel, precursor to 
modern Judaism, through a survey of Hebrew 
literature of the Old Testament period. 

REL 204C New Testament Christianity 

Prof Stanley Chesnut 

An introduction to the world of early Chris- 
tianity, with its Hebraic Greco-Roman back- 
ground, through a survey of Christian literature 
of the first two centuries C.E. 

REL 210 Introduction to Christian Ethics 

Prof David Bryant 

Some major figures in the history of Christian 
ethics, with most emphasis on contemporary 
approaches such as Barth, Niebuhr, Gustafson, 
Fletcher, Ramsey, Dussell. Introduction to 
some of most important issues and methods. 

REC 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

Prof Gilbert Johnston 

Traditional and modem Indian art, literature, 
religious life, city and village life, and the pos- 
sibility of a new secular industrial culture. 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 

(Directed Study available) 

Prof David Bryant 

The beliefs, behavior and institutions of Juda- 
ism and Christianity in American life. The 
uniqueness of the American religious exper- 
ience and its impact on American institutional 

REC 240C Non- Western Religions 

Prof Gilbert Johnston 

The founders of non-Western reHgions, their 
life experiences, religious views and the emer- 
gence of their teachings as coherent systems, 
with comparisons to the Judaeo- Christian 


Religious Studies 

REL 241 Christ in History: The Evolution 
of Christian Tradition 

Prof. David Bryant 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Chris- 
tian Church through the past nineteen cen- 
turies. The great theological debates, significant 
issues, and formative thinkers. 

REL 242C Archaeology of the Bible 
(Directed Study available) 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Archaeological methods, interpretation of 
results of some of the most important "digs," 
and the importance of such study for under- 
standing the Bible. Prerequisite: one college- 
level course in Bible. 

REC 242 The Buddhist Tradition 

Fi-of Gilbert Johnston 

Gautama's enlightmenment, the Noble Eight- 
fold Path, development of Buddhist ideas and 
practices as they spread from India to South 
and East Asia, contrasting Western religious 
views with those of another world religion. 

REL 251 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to the Old Testament 

Prof Stanley Chesnut 

The history, Uterature and religion of the Old 
Testament, and the development of the Israel- 
ite religion. 

REL 252 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to the New Testament 

Prof Stanley Chesnut 

The most important events and ideas of the 
New Testament, and the origins and principles 
of early Christianity. 

REL 253 (Directed Study) The Life and 
Teachings of Jesus 

Prof Stanley Chesnut 

The life and principle teachings of Jesus as 
recorded in the Gospels of the New Testament, 
reading from primary sources. 

REL 280 Traces of God: Religion and 
Contemporary Culture 

Prof David Bryant 

How the Christian faith and culture can and 
should relate to each other. Christian faith and 
politics, economics, science and technology, 
the arts, literature and philosophy. 

REL 329 Religion and Human 

Prof David Bryant 

The growth of Latin American, black, feminist, 
and European political liberation theologies 
from earlier forms of theology, their develop- 
ment and contribution to the wider theology, 
and responses to them. 

REL 330 Human Nature and Destiny: A 
Theological Inquiry 

Prof David Bryant 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 
understandings of the nature of human life, 
the relationship between the individual and 
society, historicity, purposiveness of human 
life, relationship between humans and nature. 

REL 342 A Literature of the Bible 

Prof Stanley Chesnut 

The poetry, prophecy, law, drama, short story, 
proverbs, parables and epistles in one of the 
world's greatest collections of religious liter- 
ature. Prerequisite: one college-level course in 

REC 343C Religions of China and Japan 

Prof Gilbert Johnston 

Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto and religions of 
the modem age; changes in the face of mo- 
dernization, Western pressure and seculari- 

REL 361 20th Century Religious 

In-depth survey of the major reUgious thinkers 
of the 20th century including Barth, Bultmann, 
Tillich, Niebuhr, Buber, Kung and Moltmann. 

REC 370 The Zen Phenomenon 

Prof Gilbert Johnston 

The origins, development of thought, distinc- 
tive practices, impact on Japanese culture, 
and viability outside the Oriental context of 

REL 380 God and Self-Understanding 

Prof David Bryant 

The problem of knowing and talking about 
God, the effect of the idea of God on under- 
standing ourselves, and the development and 
significance of the Christine doctrine of the 
Trinity, historically and today. 

Russian Studies 

REC 386E The Human Environment: 
Religious and Ethical Perspectives 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

The role of religious values in coping with such 
environmental concerns as population, food 
and energy shortages, natural resources deple- 
tion, and pollution, along with alternate life 

REL 401 Internship in Religious 

Supervised, field-based experience in church 
work, with a minimum of 150 hours on-site 
experience. Permission of instructor required. 

REL 440 Biblical Theology 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

The central ideas and themes of the Old and 
New Testaments as a means of moving inside 
Jewish and Christian theological traditions. 
Prerequisite: one college-level course in Bible. 

REL 44 1 New Testament Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues 

Prof Stanley Chesnut 

Research seminar on ethical/ theological prin- 
ciples in the New Testament on such issues as 
sexuality, race, war, peace, revolution, non- 
violence, poverty, environment, social justice, 
church and state. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 
standing and 204 C. 

REL 450 Religion and Imagination 

Prof David Bryant 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all of life, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on 
Christianity, but principles have broader im- 
plications. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. 


CRA 305 Resident Adviser Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers at 
Eckerd College, beginning in autumn term. 
Communication, paraprofessional counseling, 
crisis intervention, conflict resolution, leader- 
ship training. 


See Military Science. 



The program in Russian studies integrates the 
study of the Russian language with Russian 
history, literature and contemporary Soviet 
reality. Students must complete at least two 
years of college level Russian, and finish five 
courses dealing specifically with Russia: two 
in Russian history, two in Russian Uterature, 
and one in Soviet Area Studies. Each student 
in this program must also choose a field of 
specialization within Russian studies (usually 
language, literature, history, or social studies) 
consisting of at least four courses in addition 
to those hsted above. When appropiiate, these 
courses may be independent or directed stu- 
dies, colloquia, and/or thesis preparation. All 
students will have an oral examination covering 
their entire program, in addition to the com- 
prehensive exam in a field of specialization or 
a thesis. 

Requirements for the minor in Russian studies 
include one year of Russian language and any 
four courses in Russian studies. 

RUG 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Prof Vivian Parsons 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, 
reading and writing grammatical and conver- 
sational patterns of modem Russian. 

RUG 201/2 Intermediate Russian 

Prof Vivian Parsons 

Review and completion of basic Russian 
grammar, and continued work on conversa- 
tional skills. Prerequisite: 101/2. 

RU/LIG 232 Russian Glassies in 

Prof Vivian Parsons 

Representative works of 1 9th century Russian 
writers including Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, 
Goncharov, Turgenev, Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. 
Offered alternate years. 

RU/LIG 234 Soviet Literature in 

Prof Vivian Parsons 

Literary and political factors in the develop- 
ment of Soviet literature, studying Sholokhov, 
Pasternak, Solzhenitsyn and other contem- 
porary Soviet prose. Offered alternate years. 

Sea Semester 

The following two courses are taught in 

RUC 301 Introduction to Russian 
Literature and Culture 

Russian cultural heritage including a survey of 
Russian literature from Pushkin to Solzhe- 
nitsyn. Prerequisite: two years of college Rus- 
sian. Offered alternate years. 

RUC 302 Daily Life in Soviet Society 

Family, education, youth organizations, eco- 
nomic pursuits, mass media, leisure activities, 
etc. Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. 
Offered alternate years. 

cue 283C Soviet Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural 

For further courses see History, Philosophy, 
Political Science and Cross-Cultural Per- 


An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific 
and practical experience leading to a realistic 
understanding of the sea, sponsored by the 
Sea Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester 
(the six- week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six-week sea component) for a 
practical laboratory experience. The program 
may be begun at any of six times during the 
year. Eckerd College tuition and scholarship 
aid often can be applied toward the cost of Sea 
Semester and additional aid may be available 
from S.E. A. For more information, contact the 
Office of International Education and Off- 
Campus Programs or Prof. John Ferguson. 

Block credit for four courses is awarded for the 
successful completion of the five topics Hsted 
below. Students from any major may apply 
and this satisfies the Environmental 
Perspective requirement, 

SMN 301 Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of 
the global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester 

of a college laboratory course in a physical or 
biological science or its equivalent. 

SMN 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, litera- 
ture and art of our maritime heritage, and the 
political and economic problems of contem- 
porary maritime affairs. 

SMN 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construc- 
tion, marine engineering systems and the 
physics of sail. 

SMN 304 Practical Oceanography I 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools 
and techniques of the practicing oceanogra- 

SMN 305 Practical Oceanography II 

Sea component Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. 


Capstone Senior Seminars are offered within 
the collegium of the student's major, focusing 
on the search for solutions to important issues 
that students are likely to confront during their 
lifetimes. These seminars may be considered 
as part of the student's major. 

ECB 410 Senior Seminar in Economics 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 410 Senior Seminar: Business 
Policy and Strategic Management 

For description see Management. 

POB 410 Senior Seminar: The U.S. and 
the Vietnam Experience 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 410 Senior Seminar: History and 

For description see Psychology. 


Senior Seminars 

SLB 410 Senior Seminar: History of 
Social Thought 

For description see Sociology. 


CRA 410 Creative Arts Senior Seminar 

(Directed Study available by academic 

Development of creativity from the beginning 
notion to the final experience, drawing from 
theatre, writing, art, music, education and 
human development; social responsibility con- 
trasted with individual freedom. 


cue 410 Senior Seminar in the Compar- 
ative Cultures 

World understanding through examination of 
six different cultures. Cultural highlights and 
problems with universal application, taught 
by a team of six instructors through books, 
films, and discussions. 


FSS410 Ford Senior Scholars Colloquium 

For description see Ford Apprentice Scholars 

SSH 410 Senior Honors Seminar 

A student-directed seminar focusing on both 
common curriculum experiences and specific 
policy and values issues related to the students' 
individual discipUnes. A two-semester course 
for one course credit. 


LTL 410 Senior Seminar: A Search for 
Common Ground 

Examination from an interdisciplinary point 
of view of the intellectual, political, cultural 
and social changes in this century, and of the 
attempts to formulate new paradigms of know- 


NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

Students will receive one course credit for 
participation in Junior and Senior year dis- 


cipline seminars, and the joint collegium-wide 
seminars during the Senior year, alternating 
weekly between discipline and collegium-wide 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an organized perspective on some 
aspect of human social behavior in order to 
enhance the student's ability to function as an 
effective, responsible and caring member of 

AML 306S American Myths, American 

AML 307 S Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 

For descriptions see American Studies. 

ANC 20 1 S The Anthropological | 

Experience: Introduction to Anthropology 

ANC 305S Culture and Personality 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

BEB 368S Utopias 

Prof. Tom Oherhofer 

The value implications of Utopian systems. 
Students read and discuss seven Utopian 
works, form task groups to design components 
of Utopian systems, and write papers on their 
own individual Utopias. 

CRA 387S Jung, Myth and Lifestyles ' 

Profs. Nancy Corson Carter and Thomas West 
Interdisciplinary course combining literature, 
personality theory and Jungian psychology, 
presents to students psychological and lit- 
erary theories of myth and explores how the 
understanding of myth gives insights into 
human nature. 

CSN 210S Computers and Society \ 

For description see Computer Science. 

ECB 281 S Principles of Microeconomics 
ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics i 
ECB 30 IS Human and Social Economics ^ 

For descriptions see Economics. 

EDA 202S Development of the Child in 

EDA 205S Introduction to Peace Studies 

EDA 328S The School: Locus of Culture 
and Change 

EDA 329S Great Teachers 

EDA 334 S From Jefferson to Jane Addams 

EDA 335 S Family, Church and School 

For descriptions see Education. 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 

HIC 23 IS Revolutions in the Modern 

HIL 26 IS Women and the Christian 

For descriptions see History. 

HRA 269S Leisure and Lifestyles 

HRA386S Ethical Issues and the Helping 

For descriptions see Human Resources. 

LI A 267 S Literature of Healing and Dying 

For descriptions see Literature. 

MNB/PLL 242 S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

MNB 275S The Sex Role Revolution in 

MNB 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 

For descriptions see Management. 

PLL 241 S Ethics 

PLL/MNB 242 S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

For descriptions see Philosophy. 

POL 102 S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

POL 20 IS Civil Liberties 

For descriptions see Political Science. 

POL 30 1 S Beyond the Postwar Consensus: 
British Politics in the 1980s 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 


PSB 101 S Introduction to Psychology 
PSB 206S Personality and Adjustment 
PSA 383S Psychology of Consciousness 

For descriptions see Psychology. 

REL 201 S Introduction to Religious 

REL210S Introduction to Christian Ethics 

REL 221 S Religion in America 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

SLB 101 S Introduction to Sociology 
SLB 223S Social Problems 

SLB 38 IS Racial and Cultural Relations 

For descriptions see Sociology. 


The required courses for the sociology major 
are Introduction to Sociology, Statistical 
Methods, Research Design, and The History 
of Social Thought. In addition to these, each 
student selects seven other sociology courses 
in consultation with the Mentor. 

BEB 260M Statistical Methods 

For description see Statistics. 

SLB lOlS Introduction to Sociology 

Prof. William Winston 

The study of degrees of agreement and dis- 
agreement among groups, organizations, insti- 
tutions, etc., which exist in society, and what 
produces levels of agreement. 

SLB 135 Self and Society 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses 
of relationship between human self-conscious- 
ness and socialization. Each human being is 
unique, but each's sense of self is shaped by 
others. Prerequisite: 1018. 

SLB 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Prof William Winston 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through exam- 
ination of the collective nature of human be- 
havior, the function of values and normative 
patterns, and social conflict over values and 
resources. Prerequisite: SLB lOlS or per- 
mission of instructor. 



SLB 223S Social Problems 

Prof. William Winston 

A study of social problems defined as a devia- 
tion from some social norm which is cherished 
by the general population, and which consti- 
tutes a threat to values. Prerequisite: SLB 
10 IS or permission of instructor. 

SLB 224 Criminology 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

The causes and consequences of crime, the 
historical transition of ideas about crime, types 
of crime such as street level, organized, cor- 
porate, government; the measurement of crime 
and criminal deterrence. 

SLB 335 Social Interaction 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 
A seminar in the study of face-to- face behavior 
in public places. The nature of deference and 
demeanor, tension between individuality and 
social structure, rules governing involvement, 
normal appearances, and role distance. Pre- 
requisite: SLB 235. 

SLB 360 Research Design 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

The techniques and application of social 
science research, critical evaluation of research 
evidence, designing and administering a group 
survey project. Prerequisite: BEB 260M. 

SLB/HRA 225 Introduction to Social 

For description see Human Resources. 

SLB 235 Deviance 

Prof Michael Flaherty 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, 
including suicide, nudism, alcoholism, homo- 
sexuality, mental illness, prostitution, child 
abuse, drug addiction and rape. Prerequisite: 

SLB 324 Introduction to Criminal 

T*rof Patrick Henry 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, 
public attitudes toward crime, discretionary 
power of police, capital punishment, adjust- 
ments after prison release. Prerequisite: SLB 

SLB 325 Community Field Experience 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

Students choose an internship in a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, 
child and family services, legal services, special 
education, working a minimum of ten hours a 
week at the agency. Prerequisites: at least 
Sophomore standing and permission of in- 

SLB 326 The Family 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

Family roles such as children, men, women, 
spouses, parents, kin examined. Ways in which 
family and work life interact. Dynamic changes 
in American family structure, and the modem 
nuclear family. 


SLB 370 Sociology of Sport 

F^of. William Winston 

Sport and competition and its effects, values 
and morality. Sport as character builder, sport 
and race, sex roles, children, colleges, law, 
economics, politics, and future trends. Prereq- 
uisite: SLB 10 IS or permission of instructor. 

SLB 38 IS Racial and Cultural Relations 

F^of. Patrick Henry 

How racial and ethnic identity influence one's 
chances for health, education, work and suc- 
cess. Main focus is on black/white relations 
since the end of slave trading. Prerequisite: 
SLB lOlS. 

SLB 409 Sociology of Social Structors 

F^of. William Winston 

Demography, stratification and religion studied 
in order to prepare sociology students for the 
GRE. Prerequisite: SLB 101 and Junior stand- 
ing, permission of instructor. 

SLB 410 Senior Seminar: History of 
Social Thought 

Prof William Winston 

Concepts, approaches and orientations that 
have played a part in shaping the nature of 
sociology, and ideas during the 19th and 20th 
centuries as sociology matured. Prerequisite: 
SLB 10 IS and 360, or permission of instructor. 

SLB 420 Sociology of Religion 

Prof William Winston 

The relationship between religion and society, 
religions as social products that are created by 
fundamentally similar processes in all cultures. 
Prerequisite: SLB lOlS or permission of in- 


SLB 435 Social Construction of Reality 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

The processes whereby "society" is manu- 
factured such that it becomes a force external 
to the dynamics which produced it. Primary 
frameworks, the anchoring of activity, legiti- 
mation, internalization, selective attention, 
typification. Prerequisite: SLB 335. 

SLB 471 Social Stratification 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Classical and contemporary analyses of social 
inequality. How systems of inequality change, 
social mobility, and the contrast between 
structures of sociaUstic and capitalistic socie- 
ties. Prerequisite: SLB lOlS. 


A student may major in Spanish by success- 
fully completing eight of the following courses: 
Intermediate Spanish, Survey of Spanish Lit- 
erature, Survey of Spanish American Liter- 
ature, Modem Spanish Novel, Latin American 
Novel, Modem Spanish Drama, Golden Age 
Drama, Cervantes, Advanced Conversation, 
and The Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca. 
Study abroad in the Junior year is strongly 

A minor in Spanish may be achieved by taking 
five courses beyond the first year level. 

SPC 101/2 Elementary Spanish 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and 
writing Spanish. Prerequisite for 102 is 101 or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 201 Intermediate Spanish 

Continuation of 101/2, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: 101/2 or the equivalent, or per- 
mission of instructor. 

SPC 202 Intermediate Spanish 

Literature as the basis for improving under- 
standing, speaking, reading and writing Span- 
ish. All work in Spanish. Prerequisite: 201 or 
the equivalent. 

SPC 250 (Directed Study) Practicum in 
Spanish Teaching 

Participants wall assist the instructor in con- 
ducting drills, explanation of grammatical rules 
and improvement of pronunciation for small 
groups of beginning Spanish students. 

SPC 301 Survey of Spanish Literature 

Representative Spanish writers from all per- 
iods and genres of literature. Prerequisite: 
third-year proficiency in Spanish. 

SPC 302 Survey of Spanish American 

Work of Spanish American authors with em- 
phasis on 19th and 20th centuries. Prereq- 
uisite: third-year proficiency in Spanish. 

SPC 401 The Modern Spanish Novel 
(Directed Study available) 

Major novels of Spanish writers from Gener- 
acion del '98 to the present. Prerequisite: 302 
or permission of instructor. 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 
(Directed Study available) 

Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
chronologically to give clear understanding of 
developments in the New World. Prerequisite: 
302 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 403 Modern Spanish Drama 

Works of best modern playwrights from Bena- 
vente to the present. Prerequisite: 302 or 
permission of instructor. Offered alternate 

SPC 404 Golden Age Drama 

Reading and analyzing the most representa- 
tive plays of the period, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: 302 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 

SPC 405 Cervantes 

The life and works of Cervantes wdth critical 
analysis of Don Quixote. All work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: 302 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 

SPC 406 Advanced Spanish Conversation 

Fluency, pronunciation, intonations, idioms, 
colloquiaUsm through highly intensive prac- 
tice. Prerequisite: 202 or its equivalent. 

SP/LIC 450/1 (Directed Study) The 
Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca 

Studying and analyzing the art forms engaged 
in by Lorca, reading his major literature. 
Prerequisite: 302 or permission of instructor. 




BEB 260M Statistical Methods 

Quantitative techniques for data analysis in 
the behavioral sciences; univariate and bivar- 
iate decription, and inference. 

MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

For description see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given to a student for only one of 
the above courses, but not both. 


The theatre program has two important func- 
tions: to provide the serious and talented 
theatre student with the theoretical, historical 
and practical fundamentals of the field; and to 
serve as a cultural resource for the college and 
community. Therefore, anyone is encouraged 
to join the creative efforts on-stage and back- 
stage, whether student, staff or townsperson. 

The academic requirements for theatre majors 
are 12 courses in the area which will include 
the following core program: The Human In- 
strument, Basic Acting, Stagecraft, Theatre 
Projects (two semesters), and History of Drama 
(two semesters). Each student is expected to 
concentrate on a major creative work as a Senior 
project. Some time should be spent away from 
campus on an apprenticeship in study at a 
major theatre center (generally London), or on 
a special summer program of participation in 
the performance arts. The American Stage 
Company is based in St. Petersburg and pro- 
vides professional resources for the theatre 

THA 101 The Human Instrument 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the 
body, voice, movement, energy, sensory aware- 
ness, mind, and psyche through a wide range 
of exercises. 

THA 102A The Living Theatre 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Overview of practical and aesthetic consider- 
ations of the theatre arts, along with perfor- 
mance and theatre technology. Class critiques 
of dramatic productions on campus. Short 
scenes performed in class. 

THA/CRA Mass Communications 

For description see Communications. 

THA 202 Improvisation 

Prof Andra Weddington 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvi- 
sation and theatre games. Should be viewed as 
a "laboratory" course. Students will work with 
techniques developed by Spolin, Chaiken, 
Kock, Grotowski, Cohen, with emphasis on 
controlled creativity. Permission of instructor 

THA/LIL 236/7 History of Drama 

For description see Literature. 

THA 250 (Directed Study) Video 

Prof Andra Weddington 

Introduction to video camera and recording 
equipment, basic composition of the video 
picture, taping Uve action and performance, 
and the capabilities of video as a medium. 

THA 261 Stagecraft 

Prof Siobhan Schantz 

Basic principles and procedures for construct- 
ing the stage picture. Theatre terms, use of 
hand and power tools, set construction, scene 
painting and stage lighting. 

THA 262 Theatre in the Mass Media 

Prof Andra Weddington 

Viewing and discussing theatrical, filmed and 
videotaped performances. Basic characteris- 
tics of each, the extent of their interdependence 
and particular problems of adaptation from 
one form to another. 

THA 263A Basic Acting 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting exercises and scene 
work. Introduction to several approaches to 
the craft of acting: Stanislavski, Cohen, Hagen, 
Koch, Grotowski. 



THA 266 Theatre Projects 

Laboratory experience in performance and 
production. Completion of three units chosen 
from: production (lights, publicity, costumes, 
sound, scenery, props, makeup, management) 
and performance (audition repertory, touring, 
main-stage, studio, choreography). 

THA 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

Prof. Richard Rice 

History and performance technique of the 
musical, America's unique contribution to 
theatrical arts. Derivation and stylistic devel- 
opment of the form; artistic aspects of per- 
formance through laboratory production of 

THA 276 Dance I 

An introduction to jazz emphasizing strength, 
flexibility, and development of a movement 
vocabulary. A study of dance history. Active 
technique class, with performing opportunity. 

THA 322A Communication Arts and 

Prof. Richard Rice 

The principles, values, forms and effects of 
persuasive public communication. Film and 
videotape examples. Experience in analysis, 
reasoning, evidence and organization of the 
persuasive speech. 

TH/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

For description see Literature. 

THA 363 Ensemble Theatre 

Prof Andra Weddington 

Advanced work with improvisation and group- 
theatre. Development of performable work 
through improvisation. Introduction to per- 
formance art. Should be viewed as a "labor- 
atory" course. Permission of instructor re- 

THA 366 Characterization and Scene 

Prof Andra Weddington 

Character development, concentrating on role 
analysis, motivation, inter-character relation- 
ships, and incorporating improvisational re- 
hearsal techniques. Participation in campus 
production expected. Prerequisite: 263 or 
permission of instructor. 

THA 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and 
professional theatre companies on internship 
basis. One to four course credits, depending 
on amount of time involved. Permission of in- 
structor required. 

THA 370 A Scenic Design 

Prof Siobhan Schantz 

Principles for creating the entire theatre envi- 
ronment: scenery, lighting, and costume. The- 
atre as art, the scenographic process, working 
drawings, painting and lighting techniques. 

THA 372 Directing 

Prof Richard Rice 

Study and practice of play-directing theories 
and techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal 
process, organizational procedures from script 
to production. Productions provide menu for 
Lunchbox Theatre Series. Prerequisite: 263 
or equivalent experience. 

THA 376 Dance II 

Study of jazz plus an introduction to dance 
composition. Active technique class, dance 
composition projects, and performing oppor- 
tunity. Prerequisites: Dance I or previous 
experience and permission of instructor. 

THA 377 Choreography 

A study of dance composition beginning v^dth 
basic elements of movement and culminating 
in a student work. Performing opportunity. 
Prerequisites: Dance 11, or previous experience 
and permission of instructor. 

THA 381A Seminar in Theatre: Theory 
and Values 

Prof Richard Rice 

ReaUty, illusion, roleplaying, stereotypes, 
scripting, motivation — terms used in thea- 
trical practice and everyday life in our search 
for understanding human behavior. Master- 
pieces of drama reveal why their treatment of 
the human condition enhances our value 


Western Heritage 

THA 450 (Directed Study) Alternative 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Exploration of major types of non-traditional 
theatre forms of the past 30 years, and pro- 
duction techniques appropriate to those 
forms. Permission of instructor. 

THA 473 Advanced Directing 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period 
or modern piece. Each director prepares at 
least two examples for an audience. Critique 
discussions. Prerequisite: 372. 

THA 461 Scenic Arts I: Costume Design 

F^of Siobhan Schantz 

The elements, design and construction of stage 
costuming. The designer's role, costume per- 
iods. Fabrics, sketching, rendering and re- 
search. Each student will produce three major 

THA 462 Scenic Arts H: Scene Design 

Prof Siobhan Schantz 

Play analysis and research for creating scenic 
designs. Drawings, ground plans, renderings, 
model making. Each student will produce three 
major designs. 

THA 463 Scenic Arts III: Lighting 

Prof Siobhan Schantz 

Theory and practice of various styles of stage 
lighting. Hanging and focussing instruments, 
light plots, instrument and dimmer schedules. 
Light boards, color media, electricity. Each 
student will produce four major designs. 

THA 466 Advanced Acting Styles 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Greek, Roman, Medieval, Commedia, Shake- 
spearean, Restoration, Naturalistic and Mo- 
dem acting styles: movement, timing, language, 
rhythm. Daily scene work, research in each 
period, play readings, final performance in 
each style. Prerequisite: 263 or consent of 

THA 467 Projects in Acting 

Prof Andra Weddington 
Performance of a major role in a full length 
play, or of several smaller roles, accompanied 
by an in-depth study of various tactics for 
characterization, applicable to the role in 
question. Prerequisite: 366 or 466, or per- 
mission of instructor. 


See Art. 


WHF 181 Western Heritage I 

The first course in general education intro- 
duces values through the study of the Sumer- 
ian, Greek, Roman and Medieval worlds, using 
masterworks of Western civilization. 

WHF 182 Western Heritage H 

Exploring the Renaissance, the Enlighten- 
ment, the 19th and 20th centuries, through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplish- 
ments, and other major intellectual endeavors. 

WHF/CUC 183C U.S. Area Studies 

Open to international students only. A con- 
temporary view of the U.S. and a limited sun'ey 
of its past, size and diversity. Required for all 
degree-seeking international students. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage (Honors) 

(Directed Study available by permission only) 

The Freshman course for students in the 
Honors Program. Students meet twice a week 
for the academic year and are awarded a course 
credit Admission is by application to the 
Honors Program Director. 


Descriptions of winter term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure. 


See Creative Writing. 



Autumn Term-Winter Term Projects 



Autumn term is a three-week introduction to 
college life for Freshmen, consisting of one 
academic project, plus orientation, testing, 
and registration. New students choose from 
among fifteen or more courses offered by the 
professors who thus become their Mentors 
(advisors) and their Foundations instructors 
for the Freshman year. Typical autumn term 
offerings in recent years have included Women 
and Fiction, Food in History, Geology of 
Beaches, The Computer: Slave or Master, 
Health Psychology, and The Sociology of Sex 
Roles. See the autumn term brochure available 
from Foundations or Admissions. 

FDF 1 Living in the USA (especially for 
international students) 

Profs. Carolyn Johnston, Dudley DeGroot 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes, 
American literature, health care, police mat- 
ters, sports, working, education, religion, poli- 
tics, improving language skills. Resource peo- 
ple, field trips. Daily journal, analytical papers, 
final project reflecting autumn term exper- 


Neither regular semester nor directed study 
courses are taken as winter term projects. Off- 
campus independent study projects may be 
taken only by students above Freshman stand- 
ing for whom the off-campus location is essen- 
tial to the nature of the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure, available about 
June 1 of each year. The winter term brochure 
contains complete information on registration 
and other procedures related to winter term. 
Additions and corrections to the winter term 
projects listing are published early in the fall 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd Col- 
lege during the winter term, the following is a 
list of project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in 
the Twenty-First Century; Subcultures and 
Deviance; Psychology and Medicine; Opera- 

tion Enterprise (American Management As- 
sociation); Management in the Year 2000; 
Human Ecology; The Energy Problem: Now 
and the Future; The Economics of Public 
Issues; Speaking Russian; Developing Ex- 
pository Writing; The South in American 
History; The Art of Biography; The New 
Religions; Perspectives on Violence; Florida's 
Exotic Plant Life; The Basics of Color Photo- 
graphy; Mathematical Modeling; Computer 
Project; Chemistr>', The Environment and the 

Off-Campus: Music in England; The Lively 
Arts in London; Social Issues in Contemporary 
Britain; English Science Fiction and Fantasy; 
International Banking in the Caribbean (Cay- 
man Islands); The Dry Tortugas Expedition 
on the Brig Unicom; The Art and Architecture 
of Renaissance Florence and Venice; Mexico: 
Language and/or Culture; Shapes of the Land 
of Enchantment (New Mexico). 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not 
viewed as restricted to the classroom. The col- 
lege cherishes the freedom that students exper- 
ience in the college community and in the 
choices they make concerning their own per- 
sonal growth. At the same time, each student, 
as a member of a Christian community of 
learners, is expected to contribute to this com- 
munity and to accept and live by its values and 
standards: commitment to truth and excellence; 
devotion to knowledge and understanding; 
sensitivity to the rights and needs of others; 
belief in the inherent worth of all human beings 
and respect for human differences; contempt 
for dishonesty, prejudice and destructiveness. 
Just as Eckerd intends that its students shall 

be competent givers throughout their lives, 
it expects that giving shall be the hallmark of 
behavior and relationships in college life. Just 
as Eckerd seeks to provide each student with 
opportunities for learning and excellence, each 
student is expected to play a significant part in 
the vitality and integrity of the college com- 

As an expression of willingness to abide by 
these standards every student upon entering 
Eckerd College is expected to sign a promise 
to uphold the statement of Shared Commit- 
ment that guides student life on campus. For a 
full decription of the Shared Commitment, 
see page 4. 



St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, 
and St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater 
together form a metropoHtan area of over one 
million people with all the services and cultural 
facilities of any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art mu- 
seums, symphony orchestras, and professional 
theatre, in addition to road show engagements 
of Broadway plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice 
shows, and other attractions for a full range of 

The St. Louis Cardinals and the New York 
Mets baseball teams maintain headquarters 
in St. Petersburg for spring training, and there 
are major golf and tennis tournaments in the 
area. Professional football fans can follow the 
Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and professional soc- 
cer fans, the Tampa Bay Rowdies. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing 
races are held every year, as well as many 
regattas for sail and power boats. Fine public 
beaches on the Gulf of Mexico are within bi- 
cycling distance of the Eckerd College campus, 
as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical 
cUmate with a normal average temperature of 
73.5 degree F. and annual rainfall of 51.2 


Situated in a suburban area at the southwest 
tip of the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is 
located, Eckerd's campus is large and un- 
crowded — 267 acres with over VA miles of 
waterfront on Boca Ciega Bay and French- 
man's Creek. There are three small lakes on 
the campus, and the chapel is on an island in 
one of them. The 64 air-conditioned buildings 
were planned to provide a comfortable envi- 
ronment for learning in the Florida climate. 
Professors and students frequently forsake their 

classrooms and gather outdoors in the sunshine 
or under a pine tree's shade. Outdoor activities 
are possible all year; cooler days during the 
winter are not usually severe. 


Eckerd College has seven residential complexes, 
each consisting of four houses that accommo- 
date 34-36 students. Most of the student resi- 
dences overlook the water. Each house has a 
student Resident Adviser who is available for 
basic academic or personal counseling and is 
generally responsible for the house operation. 
Residence houses are self-governed. 


Activities, projects, and programs developed 
and financed in the student sector are managed 
by the Eckerd College Organization of Students 
(ECOS), whose membership consists of all 
matriculating students, full and part-time, at 
Eckerd. Each year, ECOS is responsible for the 
allocation of student fees for extra-curricular 



Eckerd believes that student life should be as 
full and rich as possible, both in the classroom 
and outside it. We provide a broad range of 
campus activities — and if you cannot find 
something that suits your interests, we encour- 
age you to start a new group of your own. Your 
free time can be as interesting as you want to 
make it. 


The College Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities in- 
clude a snack bar, gameroom, conversation 
lounge, seven foot television, and Pub. The 
College Center provides the opportunity for 
student directed programs and committees to 
develop activities and services for the Eckerd 


The College Program Series, jointly planned 
by students, faculty and administration, is 
designed to enhance the intellectual, religious 
and cultural life of the college community 
through bringing well known scholars, artists 
and distinguished Americans to the campus 
each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, and concerts 
featuring local and nationally known artists, 
and is a co- sponsor of the annual Black S3rm- 
posium and Black History week. Films on topics 
pertaining to the academic program are shown 

The music, art, and theatre disciplines sponsor 
a number of events throughout the year. There 
are student and faculty recitals, programs from 
the concert choir and chamber ensemble, 
exhibitions by student and faculty artists, 
dance performances, and a series of plays 
produced by the theatre workshops. 


Publications are funded by the Student Associ- 
ation and fully controlled by the students 
themselves. Student media include the Triton 
Tribune, the student newspaper, WECR, the 
campus radio station, ECK-TV, the campus 
television station; Re- Visions, a magazine 
published each semester, The Tethered Muse, 
a literary magazine featuring artwork, prose, 
and poetry by members of the entire campus 
community; The Eck Book, the student hand- 
book, and a year book. 


If there is enough student interest to form a 
club, one may easily be chartered. Organiza- 
tions which have been student-initiated include 
the Afro-American Society, Biology Club, 
Circle K, College Bowl Society, International 
Students, Roteract, Pre-Law Club, Alcohol 
Awareness Club, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, 
the Triton Sailing, Waterskiing and Boardsail- 
ing Teams, and Athletic Boosters. 


The College Chaplain directs the Campus 
Ministry Program, a joint effort of students, 
faculty and staff. The program provides religious 
activities in a Christian context and assists 
individuals and groups of other reUgious per- 
suasions to arrange their own activities. Worship 
services, special speakers and emphasis weeks, 
small group studies, service projects and fel- 
lowship activities are provided through the 
program. The Chaplain serves as minister to 
students, faculty and staff, is available for 
counseling or consultation, and works closely 
with the Student Affairs staff to enhance the 
quahty of campus life. 

Regardless of your background, you are en- 
couraged to explore matters of faith and 
commitment as an integral part of your educa- 
tional experience. We beheve that personal 
growth and community life are significantly 
strenghtened by encounter with the claims of 
the Christian faith and the values of the Judaeo- 
Christian tradition. 




Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the Igirgest 
collegiate watersports programs in the south- 
eastern U.S., is one of the most exciting recrea- 
tional opportunities on the campus. The facil- 
ities, located on Frenchman's Creek, include 
boathouse, support buildings, docks, ramp, 
hoist, fishing, snorkeling, camping and water- 
skiing equipment, a fleet of sailboats, canoes, 
sailboards, and a Correct Craft Ski Nautique. 
If you own a boat, you can arrange to store or 
dock it here. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is 
the community member's ability to use the 
facilities without membership in a formal club 
or organization. There are, however, many clubs 
and teams sponsored by the Waterfront for 
those interested. The Triton Sailing Team 
sails in sloop and single-hand competitions 
against schools from Charlestown to Gainesville 
in SAISA (the South Atlantic Inter-Collegiate 
Sailing Association), while the Triton Board- 
saiUng Team competes in regattas both in and 
out of the collegiate circuit. Members of the 
Triton Waterski Team compete in trick, slalom, 
and jump events against schools throughout 
the Southern Conference. The Watersports 
Association is made up of students and staff 
who have a variety of watersports interests; 
recreational activities are planned throughout 
the year. 

One of the Waterfront's unique student organ- 
izations is Eckerd College Search and Rescue 
(EC-SAR) which is a highly trained group of 
students and alumni who provide maritime 
search and rescue services to the Tampa Bay 
boating community. Working closely with the 
U.S. Coast Guard and many local and state 
agencies, members give a high level of dedica- 
tion, skill and commitment to public service 
and have received many national and local 
awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the 
school year. Sailing classes are taught at all 
levels on both small sloops and larger yachts. 
Normal class offerings include beginning, inter- 
mediate, and cruising sailing, boardsailing, and 
scuba diving. Informal dockside instruction is 
offered during the afternoons by waterfront 
staff and volunteers. 

There will be times during your college career 
when you will want advice. For academic advice 
the place to start is with your Mentor or with 
any of your professors. You are welcome to 
seek the counsel of any administrator in Student 
Affairs or elsewhere. The CounseUng Center 
provides both individual and group counseUng 
for students who are experiencing personal 
problems or would like to improve their level 
of personal well-being. Counseling may provide 
support for individual growth, improving skills 
in handling relationships, and exploring stress 
management techniques. The Counseling Center 
is staffed with a psychologist capable of skilled 
listening, understanding and assistance. For 
further clarification of counseling services, 
please refer to The Eck Book. 


Eckerd's medical service is directed by a physi- 
cian who is at the Health Center two hours 
every Monday through Friday. A registered 
nurse is on duty 8 a.m. to midnight, Monday 
through Friday. Medicines may be purchased 


for minimal fees. Brief stays in the Health 
Center may be arranged for minor illness; 
otherwise community hospitals are used. The 
college notifies parents when community hos- 
pitalization is necessary. 

All students must file an official health form as 
part of the admissions procedure. Treatment 
in the Health Center may not be available until 
this form is received. Health insurance is pro- 
vided for all students and is included in the 
total comprehensive fee. The student health 
policy includes maximum coverage of $3,000 
for accidents only (which must be reported 
within twenty days of the accident). It also 
includes coverage for a $35 medical consultant 
fee when ordered by the college physician. 
The policy covered by total comprehensive 
fees is for nine months only. Optional summer 
coverage may be purchased for $5 additional, 
paid by the student. An optional coverage for 
sickness may be obtained by paying an addi- 
tional fee. The amount of coverage and the 
fees are subject to change. 

faculty, live in the dorms, and tak with other 

The Afro- American Society helps plan a full 
range of programs for its members and the 
campus community, including Black History 
Month and the Black Symposium. The office 
of Minority Student Affairs is available to pro- 
vide assistance for any special needs of minority 


Students who are married, are over 22 years of 
age, or who live with their family are provided 
with campus post office boxes to receive 
communications. Opportunities for participa- 
tion in campus sports, activities, cultural 
events, and student government (ECOS), are 
available to day students and are coordinated 
and communicated by the Day Student Pro- 
gram. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Physical Plant staff. 


As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd 
supports a number of programs in this field. 
Special weekend visits to the campus give 
minority students who are considering Eckerd 
College a chance to view the college, visit the 


Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a 
full intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basket- 
ball, cross country, golf, soccer and tennis. 
Women's intercollegiate sports include basket- 
ball, cross country, golf, softball, tennis and 
volleyball. Cross country and golf are co-educa- 
tional sports. The college is a member of the 
Sunshine State Conference, and both men and 
women play NCAA Division 11 competition. 

Intramural sports are organized as competition 
among houses. Day students compete with 
house teams. All students are eligible to par- 
ticipate in the wide range of intramural activ- 
ities, which include football, softball, soccer, 
volleyball, basketball, tennis, billiards, table 
tennis, street hockey, bowling and chess. In 
addition, sports clubs may be organized around 
swimming, sailing and canoeing. The McArthur 
Physical Education Center houses locker 
rooms, Physical Education faculty offices, two 
basketball courts, a weight room, four badminton 
courts, and three volleyball courts, a swimming 
pool, and acreas of open space where you can 
practice your golf swing. An exercise-fitness 
course winds through the campus. 



Eckerd College seeks academically qualified 
students of various backgrounds, national and 
ethnic origins. Further, we seek students who 
show evidence of being competent "givers" 
and who therefore show promise for making 
positive contributions to fellow members of 
the Eckerd College community. When you 
apply, we will look at your academic perfor- 
mance in Uberal arts courses (mathematics, 
science, social studies, language and literature, 
creative arts). We will also consider your per- 
formance on the college entrance examinations 
(ACT or SAT). Students whose native lan- 
guage is not English can choose to replace the 
ACT or SAT with the TOEFL examination. 
Achievement tests are not required but are 
highly recommended. Your potential for per- 
sonal and academic development is important 
and in this respect we will look closely at your 
personal essay, record of activities and recom- 
mendations from your counselors or teachers. 
Admissions decisions are made by the Admis- 
sions and Scholarship Committee which in- 
cludes faculty and students. Decisions are 
made on a rolling basis beginning in October 
and continuing through the academic year for 
the following fall. Students considering mid- 
year admission for either winter term (January) 
or spring semester (February) are advised to 
complete application procedures by Decem- 
ber 1, Applicants for fall entry should complete 
procedures by April 1. 


High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college 
preparatory curriculum. Our preference is for 
students who have taken four units of English, 
three or more units each of mathematics, 
sciences and social studies, and at least two 
units of a foreign language. Although no single 
criterion is used as a determinant for accep- 
tance and we have no automatic "cutoff 
points, the great majority of students who gain 
admission to Eckerd College have a high 
school average of B or better in their college 
preparatory courses and have scored in the 
top 25 percent of college-bound students 
taking the ACT or SAT. 


1. Request application forms in Junior year 
or early in Senior year from Dean of Ad- 

2. Complete and return your appHcation to 
the Dean of Admissions, with an apphcation 
fee of $15 (non-refundable) at least two 
months prior to the desired entrance date. 
Students who are financially unable to pay 
the $15 application fee will have the fee 
waived upon request 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an academic transcript 
and personal recommendation to: Dean of 
Admission, Eckerd College, Box 12560, 
St. Petersburg, Florida 33733. 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude 
Test, offered by the College Entrance 
Examination Board or the ACT Test Bat- 
tery, offered by the American College 
Testing Program. Take your test in spring 
of Junior year or early fall of Senior year. 


Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community 
colleges that have earned full regional accred- 
itation. Applicants are expected to be in good 
standing at the institution last attended and 
eligible to return to that institution. 


1. Complete and return application form to 
the Dean of Admissions with an apphca- 
tion fee of $15 (non-refundable) at least 
two months prior to the desired entrance 
date (see calendar for various entry 

2. Request that official college transcripts be 
sent to us from every college or university 
you have attended. 

3. Send us record of college entrance exams 
(SAT or ACT). 

4. Request a letter of recommendation from 
one of your college professors. This may be 
waived upon request for students who have 
been out of college for several years. 

5. U you have been out of high school for less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your 
high school transcript. 



After you have been accepted for admission 
your transcript will be forwarded to the College 
Registrar for credit evaluation. 

With regard to the transfer of credits from 
other regionally accredited institutions, it is 
the policy of Eckerd College to: 

1. award block two-year credit to students 
who have earned an Associate of Arts de- 
gree with a cumulative grade point average 
of at least 2.0; or 

2. accept, for transfer students without As- 
sociate of Arts degrees, only those appro- 
priate courses in which grades of C or 
higher were earned. 

Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd 
College will have cumulative grade point aver- 
ages of at least 2.0 in courses accepted from 
other institutions toward an Eckerd College 
degree. This policy statement covers practices 
in both the residential college and the PEL 

AppUcants who have earned credits more than 
five years ago, or whose earlier academic records 
are unavailable or unusual are requested to 
direct special inquiry to the Admissions Office. 


All students who have been accepted for 
admission are asked to deposit a $100 accep- 
tance fee, within thirty days of acceptance or 
within thirty days of a financial aid award. This 
fee is refundable until May 1 for fall appli- 
cants, but is not refundable for mid-year 
applicants. Students who are accepted after 
November 15 for mid-year entry or after 
April 15 for fall entry will be expected to reply 
within fifteen days of acceptance with a $100 
non-refundable fee. The acceptance fee is 
appUed toward tuition costs and credited to 
the student's account. 

A Student Information Form and a Health 
Form are sent to all accepted students. The 
Student Information Form should be returned 
within two weeks of acceptance or should 
accompany the acceptance fee. This form 
enables us to begin planning for needs of the 
entering class of residential and commuting 

The Health Form should be completed by 
your personal physician and forwarded to the 
Admissions Office prior to the enrollment 


Students who have not completed a high 
school program but who have taken the General 
Education Development (GED) examinations 
may be considered for admission. In addition 
to submitting GED test scores, students will 
also need to supply ACT or SAT test results. 


Students considering Eckerd College are 
strongly urged to visit the campus and have an 
interview with an admissions counselor. We 
also encourage you to visit a class and meet 
students and faculty members. An interview is 
not a required procedure for admission but is 
always a most beneficial step for you the stu- 
dent, as well as for those of us who evaluate 
your candidacy. 


Eckerd College admits students who wish to 
enter college directly after their Junior year in 
high school. In addition to regular application 
procedures outlined above, early admission 
candidates must submit a personal letter 
explaining reasons for early admission; request 
two letters of recommendation from an English 
and a mathematics teacher, and come to campus 
for an interview with an admissions counselor. 


A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enroll- 
ment for up to one year. Requests should be 
addressed to the Dean of Admissions. 



Eckerd College awards course credit on the 
basis of scores on the Advanced Placement 
examinations administered by the College 
Entrance Examination Board. Students who 
have obtained scores of four or five will auto- 
matically be awarded credit. Scores of three 
are recorded on the student's permanent tran- 
script and are referred to the faculty of the 
appropriate discipline for recommendations 
concerning credit. Applicants who seek ad- 
vanced placement should have examination 
results sent to the Dean of Admissions. 


Course credit will also be awarded on the basis 
of scores received on the College Level Exam- 
ination Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded 
only for the following: 









American Government 


3.5 hours 

American History I 


3.5 hours 

American History II 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

College Algebra 


3.5 hours 

College Algebra- 



3.5 hours 

Educational Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

General Biology 


7.0 hours 

General Chemistry 


7.0 hours 

General Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

Human Growth and 



3.5 hours 

Introductory Accounting 


3.5 hours 




3.5 hours 




3.5 hours 

Introductory Marketing 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Sociology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 



3.5 hours 

Western Civilization I 


3.5 hours 

Western Civilization 11 


3.5 hours 


Eckerd College enrolls students from approx- 
imately forty-five countries. Some are native 
speakers of English; many are not. In all cases, 
the Admissions and Scholarship Committee 
gives special attention to the evaluation of 
students who have completed their secondary 
education abroad. Candidates whose native 
language is not EngUsh should submit the 
TOEFL scores in lieu of SAT or ACT scores. 
Ordinarily international students will not be 
admitted unless they score a minimum of 550 
on the TOEFL exam and/or complete level 
109 instruction in the EngUsh Language 
Services (ELS) program. 


1. Complete and return the appHcation form 
with an application fee of $ 1 5 (non- refund- 
able) at least three months prior to the 
desired entrance date. 

2. Request that official secondary school re- 
cords be sent to us. We will need to receive 
an explanation of the grading system. 

3. Transfer applicants should submit official 
university records with an explanation of 
the grading system. 

4. Results of the Test of EngUsh as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native stu- 
dents of EngUsh should be submitted. 
Others are urged to take SAT or ACT. 

5. Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate 
funds are available to cover educational 

CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of 



The following international diplomas are 
accepted for consideration of admission with 
advanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of 
the British Commonwealth. Students with 
successful scores in "A" level examinations 
may be considered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma 

may qualify a candidate for placement as a 


K you have previously enrolled at Eckerd 
College and wish to return you should write or 
call the Dean of Students office. It will not be 
necessary for you to go through admission 
procedures again. However, if you have been 
enrolled at another college or university you 
will need to submit a transcript of courses 
taken there. 


All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent 
residents are eligible to receive aid if they 
demonstrate financial need. For institutional 
awards priority is given on the basis of grades, 
test scores, recommendations, and special 
talents. Most students receive an "aid 
package" consisting of scholarship, grant, 
loan, and campus employment. In many cases, 
the financial aid package offered to a student 
may reduce out-of-pocket tuition payment to 
less than would be paid at a state college or 
university. Eckerd College is almost always 
able to help a student develop financial plans 
that will make attendance possible. 


Decisions regarding financial assistance can 
be made upon admission to the college, and 
receipt of the necessary financial aid creden- 
tials: Financial Aid Form (FAF) of the College 
Scholarship Service or the Family Financial 
Statement (FFS) of the American College 
Testing Sei-vice. 

Transfer students must submit a Financial 
Aid Transcript from each prior school regard- 
less of whether aid was received. The forms 

may be obtained from the Eckerd College 
Financial Aid office and must be returned 
before an award may be released. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 24 
consecutive months should complete and file 
an application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the sub- 
mission of the FFS or FAF by answering the 
appropriate Florida questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid admin- 
istered by Eckerd College are controlled by 
governmental agencies external to the college. 
Examples of programs of this type are Pell 
Grants, Supplemental Educational Opportu- 
nity Grants (SEOG), Florida Student Assist- 
ance Grants (FSAG). Florida Tuition Voucher, 
Guaranteed Student Loans, Perkins Loans 
(foiTnerlv National Direct Student Loans), and 
the College Work Study Program (CWSP). To 
receive a current pamphlet concerning these 
programs, write or contact the Office of Finan- 
cial Aid, Eckerd College, P.O. Box 12560, St 
Petersburg, Florida 33733 for the most current 
information concerning these programs. 

To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards 
Usted in this catalog or any other need-based 
assistance from the college or federal and state 
governments, it is necessary that you submit 
an American College Testing Family Finan- 
cial Statement (FFS) or the College Scholar- 
ship Service Financial Aid Form (FAF). These 
forms are available in the guidance department 
of the school you are currently attending. It is 
important to mail the FFS or FAF by Mai'ch 1. 
Indicate on the form that a copy of the analysis 
be sent to Eckerd College, check the appro- 
priate boxes for Pell Grant and FSAG, and 
include the fee as indicated. 


When you apply to Eckerd College for readmis- 
sion after a period of time away from the college, 
you should contact the Financial Aid office to 
determine your eligibility for all financial aid 

If you previously received financial assistance 
at Eckerd College or plan to apply for financial 
aid prior to readmission, you will need to com- 
plete the following steps: 
1. Obtain a Financial Aid Transcript from 
the Financial Aid office of each college you 
have attended since leaving Eckerd College. 


2. Ensure that your obligations for Guaran- 
teed Student Loan or Perkins Loan pay- 
ments are being met. If you leave Eckerd 
College for one semester, you will probably 
have permitted your six month grace period 
to expire. Thereafter, you will have loan 
pa>Tnents due which must be paid before 
receiving assistance again on reentry. 

3. You must enroll as a full-time student to 
apply for a deferment (postponement) of 
your student loan payments. During the 
months you are not enrolled full time, in- 
cluding summer, you will probably be re- 
quired to make loan payments. 

4. Obtain deferment form(s) from your len- 
der( s) to submit to the Registrar at Eckerd 
College. The Registrar will verify your 
enrollment status to your lender(s). Defer- 
ment forms must be requested and sub- 
mitted at least annually. 


Most financial aid programs require specific 
academic achievements for renewal as follows: 

1. Institutional 

2.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Church and Campus Scholarship 

Eckerd College Grant 

Faculty Tuition Remission 

Ministerial Courtesy 

Special Talent 
3.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Eckerd College Honors 

National Merit Special Honors 

Presidential Scholarship 

Selby Scholarship 

2. Florida Programs 

a. Florida Academic Scholars: 3.2 Cum. 
GPA and 24 semester hours per year; 
up to eight semesters 

b. Florida College Career Work Experi- 
ence Program: 2.0 Cum. GPA 

c. Florida Student Assistance Grant: 2.0 
Cum. GPA and 24 semester hours per 
year; up to eight semesters. 

d. Florida Tuition Voucher: 2.0 Cum. 
GPA; and 24 semester hours per year; 
up to eight semesters. 

e. FloridaTeacher Scholarship Loan (for 
students planning to become elemen- 
tary and secondary school teachers): 
2.0 Cum. GPA and 24 semester hours 
per year; up to four semesters. 

f. Florida "Chappie" James Teacher 
Scholarship Program (for students 


planning to become elementary and 
secondary teachers): 3.0 Cum. GPA 
and 24 semester hours per year; up to 
eight semester hours, 
g. Paul Douglas Teacher Scholarship 
Programs: 3.0 Cum. GPA. 

3. Federal Programs 

Students who receive any Federal Title IV 
aid for the first time after July 1, 1987 
must maintain the following cumulative 
GPA's to retain their federal assistance. 
- 1.60 Cum. GPA if student has 58.5-89.9 
completed credit hours (Junior status). 
-1.80 Cum. GPA if student has 90 or more 
completed credit hours (Senior status). 

Federal Title IV aid programs to which 
these standards apply include: Pell Grants, 
Supplemental Educational Opportunity 
Grants (SEOG), College Work-Study 
(CWS), Perkins Loans (formerly National 
Direct Student Loans), Guaranteed Stu- 
dent Loans (GSL), PLUS Loans, Supple- 
mental Loans for Students (SLS). 

In addition, all financial aid recipients must 
abide by Eckerd Colleges satisfactory aca- 
demic progress standards to continue receiving 
assistance. If you are placed on probation by 
the Academic Review Committee you will 
automatically be placed on financial aid pro- 
bation, but may continue receiving assistance. 
If you are dismissed by the Academic Review 
Committee, you may no longer receive assis- 
tance. Guidelines concerning probation, dis- 
missal and reinstatement are outlined in this 
catalog in the section entitled "Standards of 
Satisfactory Academic Progress." Appeals to 
financial aid probation and dismissal may be 
addressed to the Financial Aid Appeals Com- 
mittee which will act in consultation with the 
Academic Review Committee. 



The Presidential Scholarships are a recognition 
of outstanding merit without regard to finan- 
cial need. Each year twenty-five Freshmen are 
selected to receive scholarships ranging from 
$6,000 -$8,000 per year. The scholarships are 
renewable for a total of four years if the student 
maintains a 3.0 grade point average. Selection 
criteria for this award include academic achieve- 
ment, creative talent and character. Applica- 
tion deadline is March 1. A separate applica- 
tion is required and is available on request 


The Special Honors Scholarship Program 
provides fifty full tuition awards to finalists 
and semifinalists in the National Merit, National 
Achievement, and National Hispanic Scholar- 
ship Programs. The value of this award is in 
excess of $9,500 per year, and in excess of 
$38,000 for four years if the student maintains 
a 3.0 grade point average. A student designated 
a semifinalist in one of these programs should 
make application for admission to Eckerd 
College no later than March 1. 


The Honors Scholarships seek to recognize the 
forty most outstanding applicants for admis- 
sion (Freshmen and transfers). Scholarship 
finalists will be selected from among all ap- 
plicants for admission without regard to fin- 
ancial need. A student receiving an Honors 
Scholarship may receive up to $5,000 yearly. 
The scholarship is renewable if the student 
maintains a 3.0 grade point average. No separate 
application is required; however, for priority 
consideration students should apply for ad- 
mission no later than March 1. 


The Special Talent Scholarships provide rec- 
ognition and encouragement to students who 
have excelled in a particular area of endeavor. 
All students accepted for admission are eligible 
to compete for these scholarships. Awards will 
be made on the basis of outstanding talent or 
achievement in any of the following areas: 

1. Achievement in math, science, English, 
social studies, behavioral sciences, for- 
eign languages or any specific area of 
academic pursuit. 

2. Special talent in the creative arts — 
music, theatre, art, writing, etc. 

3. Special achievement in international 
education, including participation in 
AFS, YFU, or Rotary student exchange 

4. Demonstrated leadership and service 
in student, community or church organ- 

5. Special talent in men's or women's ath- 
letic competition. 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $4,000 yearly. The scholarship is renew- 
able for students with a 2.0 cumulative grade 

point average following formal recommendation 
by those qualified to evaluate the appropriate 
special talent. No separate application is 
required but for priority consideration students 
should apply for admission prior to March 1 
and submit the following: 

1. Financial Aid Form (FAF), or Family 
Financial Statement (FFS). 

2. Letter of recommendation from teacher, 
advisor or coach directly involved in 
student's achievement area. 

3. Additional materials the student wishes 
to submit in support of his or her cre- 



The Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition of merit for fifty new Presbyterian 
students per year who have been recom- 
mended by their pastor and possess traits of 
character, leadership and academic ability 
which in the pastor's opinion demonstrate the 
promise to become outstanding Christian cit- 
izens — either as a lay person or a minister. 
Students recommended by their pastor who 
become recipients of a Church and Campus 
Scholarship will receive a grant up to $2,400 to 
be used during the Freshman year. The award 
is renewable annually on the basis of demon- 
strated academic, leadership and service 
achievement, and a cumulative grade point 
average of at least 2.0. This award is not based 
on financial need. Scholarship winners may 
apply for supplemental financial aid. More 
scholarship details and nomination forms are 
available on request. 


Endowed scholarship funds have been estab- 
lished by the gifts of those listed below or by 
the gifts of others in their honor. 
Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman, 
established in 1969. 

Margaret S. Bach Memorial, established in 
1984, awarded annually to an outstanding 
student from Florida whose residence is in 
Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa or Walton 

Sherr>' Jo Byars, established in 1983, 
memory of W. Frank and Jo Byars' daughter, 
awarded annually to outstanding students 
selected on the basis of academic ability, 
leadership, and service. 


Paul and Grace Creswell Memorial, estab- 

Ushed in 1962. 

Carl Peter Damm Memorial, established in 


Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established 

in 1983, two scholarships awarded annually to 

a Junior and Senior majoring in the fine arts. 

Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 

Kennedy Eckerd Athletic, established in 

1973, awarded annually to selected scholar 


Paul and Jane Edris Church and Campus, 

established in 1985 by the First Presbyterian 

Church of Daytona Beach, FL. 

Robert B. Hamilton, established in 1959, 

awarded annually to a student with financial 


Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1982, 

five scholars named annually on the basis of 

strong academic achievement and leadership 


Al and Winnie Hodgson, established in 

1986, awarded annually to students with 
financial needs. 

Home Federal Bank, established in 1983, 
awarded annually to a Junior or Senior major- 
ing in management. 

Hope Presbyterian Church, estabhshed in 

Lowery Howell Memorial, estabhshed in 

Robert A. James Memorial, established in 
1983, awarded annually to an incoming Fresh- 
man with outstanding academic ability, leader- 
ship skills, and exceptional performance in 
either tennis, golf, or cross-country. 
Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, 
awarded annually to outstanding needy stu- 
Elaine R. Kinzer Memorial, established in 

1987, awarded annually to students with fi- 
nancial needs. 

Max Klarin Memorial, estabhshed in 1985, 
awarded annually to a student majoring in fine 

Oscar Kreutz, established in 1984, awarded 
annually to students who are members of First 
Presbyterian Church, St. Petersburg. 
Fanny Knistrom, established in 1974. 
Al Lang and Katherine Fagen Lang, estab- 
lished in 1959, partial scholarships awarded 
annually to students from the St. Petersburg 
area who show exceptional promise and dem- 
onstrate financial need. 
Margaret Fahl Lofstrand Memorial, estab- 
hshed in 1976, awarded annually to outstand- 
ing female students. 

Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 
1984, annual award to student designated by 
Delta Phi Alpha, German honorary fraternity, 
for overseas study in Germany. 
Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, estab- 
hshed in 1960, awarded annually on the basis 
of academic achievement, character, and fi- 
nancial need with preference given to students 
from outside of Florida, including international 

Margaret Curry May, estabhshed in 1964. 
Alfred McKethan, established in 1985, pro- 
vides ten annual scholarships to outstanding 
students, no more than three of whom are in 
the same academic class, chosen on the basis 
of academic performance. Christian character, 
and evidence of leadership. 
George F. and Asha W. McMillan, estab- 
hshed in 1959, awarded annually to a pre- 
ministerial student. 

Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established 
in 1969, awarded annually to a music student 
selected by the music discipline. 
Dominick J. and Maude B. Potter, estab- 
lished in 1978, awarded annually to outstanding 
students from high schools in St Petersburg 
who demonstrate financial need. 
R.A. Ritter, established in 1968, awarded 
annually to a son or daughter of an employee of 
the Ritter Finance Company of Wyncote, 
Pennsylvania; otherwise to a student from 

Kathleen Anne Rome, established in 1971, 
awarded annually to science students on the 
basis of scholastic aptitude, financial need, 
and compassion for humanity. 


Eugene Sitton, established in 1985, provides 
annual scholarships for outstanding student 

Edna Sparling, estabUshed in 1976. 
Frances Shaw Stavros, established 1987, 
awarded annually on a competitive basis to 
outstanding young students who are Florida 
residents and children of employees having at 
least five years continuous employment with 
Better Business Forms, Better Business Sys- 
tems, Inc., or Florida Progress Corporation. 
Ruth and Robert Stevenson, established in 

Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 
by Mrs. Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a 
competitive basis to the 20 most outstanding 
entering Freshmen. 

William Bell Tippetts Memorial, established 
in 1960. 

J.J. Williams, Jr., estabUshed in 1959 by 
Mr. and Mrs. J.J. WiUiams, Jr. to support 
candidates for the Presbyterian ministry. 
Kell and Mary Williams, established in 
1985, awarded annually to an active and com- 
mitted Christian student, with preference 
given to a student preparing for full-time 
Christian services. 

Ross E. Wilson, estabUshed in 1974. 
John W. Woodward Memorial, established 
in 1967, awarded annually with preference 
given to students from Gadsden County, 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, estab- 
Ushed in 1983, awarded annually in the Junior 
year for two years to a student majoring in 


Alumni, estabUshed in 1982 by contributions 

from alumni, and aUocated by the Board of 

Trustees for scholarship purposes. 

Ebba Aim, estabUshed in 1985, provides 

annual scholarships for Florida resident male 

students interested in the study of medicine 

with preference given to Dunedin and north 

Pinellas county. 

Ambrit Foundation, estabUshed in 1986, as 

Isaly Klondike Scholarship Fund, provides 

annual scholarship for students with financial 


Barnett Bank, established in 1985, provides 

four annual scholarships with preference for 

business or related programs with interest in 


W. Paul Bateman, established in 1978, pro- 
vides annual scholarships for outstanding 
male students. 

Benito Advertising Scholarship, estabUshed 
in 1987, provides scholarship for a student 
interested in advertising. 
Class of 1984, established in 1984, annual 
award to a senior with special consideration 
given to campus leadership and service to the 
coUege community. 

Clearwater Central Catholic High School, 
established in 1981, annual awards to out- 
standing graduates of Central Catholic High 
School in Clearwater, Florida, made possible 
through gifts of an anonymous donor. 
Conn Memorial Foundation, established in 
1973, annual awards based upon character, 
academic standing, and financial need. 
E-Systems, estabUshed in 1987, provides 
annual scholarships to a computer science major. 
Equitable Mortgage Resources, estabUshed 
in 1985, provides scholarships for students 
with financial need. 

Florida Foundation of Future Scientists, 
awarded annually to the winners of the Florida 
State Science and Engineering Fair who enroll 
at Eckerd College. 

FloridaNational Bank, established in 1986, 
provides annual scholarships to students with 
financial need. 

Fotomat (Konishiroku Photo Industry) 
International Education, established in 
1987, awarded annually to a student studying 

Frueauff Foundation, established in 1985. 
GTE provides annual scholarships to students 
with financial need. 

Goldome Bank, estabUshed in 1985, provides 
annual scholarships to students with financial 


Hans Koch Memorial, established in 1985, 
provides annual scholarships to a management 

NCNB National Bank, established in 1986, 
provides annual scholarships for students 
with financial need. 

Paradyne Corporation International 
Education, established in 1987, awarded 
annually to a student studying overseas. 
Pepsi-Cola Bottling Co., established in 
1987, provides annual scholarships for stu- 
dents with financial need. 
Raymond James and Associates, established 
in 1986, annual scholarships for students 
majoring in business. 

Rotary Club of West St. Petersburg, esta- 
blished in 1973. 

Saga, established in 1985, in memory of 
Colleen Barry, Kristin Riley, and Stacey 
Stamatiades, freshmen at Eckerd College who 
lost their lives in an automobile accident in 

Selby Foundation, established in 1968, 
awarded annually to outstanding students 
from the State of Florida, with preference 
given to residents of Sarasota and Manatee 

Milton Roy Sheen International Education, 
established in 1988, awarded annually to a 
student studying overseas. 
Milton Roy Sheen Memorial, established in 
1960, awarded annually with preference given 
to sons or daughters of employees of the Milton 
Roy Company. 

George and Karla Sherboume, established 
in 1986, provides grants to needy students, 
with preference given to residents of Sarasota 

Tampa Bay Business International Edu- 
cation, established in 1987, awarded annually 
to a student studying overseas. 
Tropicana Products, Inc. established in 
1986, provides scholarships to students with 
financial need. 


Joseph C. Beck, established in 1987, pro- 
vides loans to students with financial need. 
Helen Harper Brown, established in 1988, 
provides loans to students with financial need. 


Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1972, 
provides loans to students with financial need. 
Sidney N. Trockey, established in 1979, pro- 
vides loan to a Jewish student based on aca- 
demic performance and financial need. 



Grants are non-repayable awards made to 
students on the basis of specific criteria or 
skills within the limits of demonstrated financial 
need. Two important sources of grant funds 
are the federal government and state govern- 


These grants are awarded from federal funds 
by the Office of Education. Awards are based 
upon need and range from approximately $200 
to $2,200 depending on federal funding. Appli- 
cation is made through the submission of the 
FAF or FFS by checking the Pell box. The 
student will receive the Pell Student Aid 
Report at the student's home, and must submit 
the Student Aid Report to the Eckerd College 
Financial Aid office. The student's account 
will then be credited for the amount of the 
student's eligibility. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds 
and administered by the college. They are 
limited at Eckerd College to students with 
exceptional financial need. Application is 
made through the submission of the FAF or 
FFS form. 



Inquiries relating to Social Security benefits 
should be directed to the student's local Social 
Security Office. The Eckerd College Office of 
the Registrar will submit enrollment certifi- 
cates issued by the Social Security Administra- 
tion for eligible students, providing the student 
registers as full-time. It is the student's 
responsibility to notify the Social Security 
Administration when enrollment ceases 
to be full-time. 


Eckerd College is approved for the education 
and training of veterans, service members, and 
dependents of veterans eligible for benefits 
under the G.I. Bill. Students who may be eligible 
for V.A. benefits are urged to contact their 
local V.A. Office as soon as accepted by the 
college, and must file an application for bene- 
fits through the Eckerd College Office of the 
Registrar. No certification can be made until 
the application is on file. Since the first checks 
each year are often delayed, it is advisable for 
the veteran to be prepared to meet all expenses 
for about two months. There are special V.A. 
regulations regarding independent study, audit 
course, standards of progress, special student 
enrollment, dual enrollment in two schools, 
and summer enrollment. It is the student's 
responsibility to inquire concerning spe- 
cial regulations and to report any change 
in status which affects the rate of benefits. 


The Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) 
are awarded on the basis of demonstrated 
financial need to two-year residents of Florida 
who attend college in the state. These grants 
may range up to a maximum of $ 1 ,200, depend- 
ing on the demonstrated need of the applicant 
and the availability of funds. For renewal the 
recipient must earn a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average and complete 24 credit hours 
during the prior academic year. Application is 
made through the submission of the FAF or 
FFS by answering the Florida section and 
enclosing the appropriate fee. 


The Tuition Equalization Voucher program 
was established by the State of Florida for 
residents of the state who enroll in private 
colleges or universities in Florida. The program 
provides up to $1,100 per year regardless of 
financial need to help defray the cost of tuition 
at Eckerd College. To qualify, a student must 
have resided in Florida for at least two years 
and must maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point 
average and complete 24 credit hours during 
the prior academic year. An application upon 
enrollment must be submitted to the Financial 
Aid office. 


In order to be eligible to receive financial aid 
as Juniors and Seniors under programs funded 
by the State of Florida (Florida Student Assis- 
tance Grants, Tuition EquaUzation Vouchers, 
etc.), students who are Florida residents must 
pass the College Level Academic Skills Test 
(CLAST) by the end of the Sophomore year. 
More detailed information about CLAST is 
available from the Educational Assessment 


These grants are available to students who 
rank in the upper one-half of their graduating 
class and demonstrate financial need. Achieve- 
ment in various curricular and co-curricular 
activities is considered. Special consideration 
is given to the sons and daughters of Presby- 
terian ministers or missionaries in recognition 
of the institution's Presbyterian heritage and 
relationships. Renewal of Eckerd College 
Grants requires a 2.0 cumulative grade point 


Many families whose current income and 
savings are not sufficient to finance college 
expenditures borrow funds through low interest 
educational loans to supplement their financing 


Guaranteed student loans are available from 
local banks and lending agencies. Depending 
upon eligibility, students may borrow up to 
$2,625 for Freshman and Sophomores and 
$4,000 for Juniors and Seniors per year not to 
exceed $17,250 in their undergraduate work 
for educational expenses. Students must sub- 
mit a FAF or FFS to establish eligibility. The 
interest is eight percent for new borrowers, 
and new borrowers have a six month grace 
period following termination of at least half- 
time school attendance before repayment must 
begin. Withdrawal from college for one semester 
will cause the six month grace period to lapse 
and repayments to fall due. Repayment fol- 
lowing the termination of the grace period will 
be at least $50 per month and no longer than 
ten years. Deferment from payment is allowed 


for the return to school full-time or for other 
specified conditions. Families interested in 
the program should contact the Financial Aid 
office or their local banker for a loan application 
and current information. The processing of 
guaranteed student loan applications requires 
twelve to sixteen weeks. 


The Perkins Loans, formerly the National 
Direct Student Loan program, is administered 
by the college from federal and college funds. 
To qualify for a Perkins Loan, the student 
must apply to the college and demonstrate 
financial need. No interest will accrue until the 
beginning ofthe repayment period, six months 
following termination of at least half-time 
school attendance. Interest charges during the 
repayment period are only five percent per 
year on the unpaid balance. 


Under this program parents may borrow up to 
$4,000 per year to a total of $20,000 for each 
child who is enrolled at least half-time. A sepa- 
rate application is required for submission to 
your lending institution. The interest rate is no 
more than twelve percent and repayment 
begins within sixty days of receipt of the pro- 
ceeds of the loan. Parents of students who do 
not qualify for the GSL because of family 
income limitations usually qualify for the 
PLUS Loan. Additional information and ap- 
plications are available in the Financial Aid 


Independent students may borrow up to $4,000 
per year to a total of $20,000. Unlike GSL 
borrowers, SLS borrowers do not have to show 
need. SLS borrowers usually must begin re- 
payment within sixty days after the loan is 
disbursed. The interest rate is no more than 
twelve percent. 


Monthly payments may be arranged by the 
family through one of four different companies. 
Contact the Financial Aid office, Eckerd College 
for current information. 


Eckerd College has limited loan funds avail- 
able, usually for temporary emergency situa- 
tions. For details, contact the Financial Aid 


In many local communities, scholarships are 
provided each year by various church, civic 
and business organizations to children of 
members, citizens, and employees. Students 
are encouraged to seek private scholarships. 
Information is available at your local library. 


The Career Ser\aces office assists students in 
fmding part-time employment on or off campus. 
Preference is given to students who demon- 
strate financial need. Campus employment 
opportunities include work as a clerk or secre- 
tary, a food service employee, a custodian or 
maintenance worker, lifeguard, or a laboratory 
assistant. Information on off-campus jobs is 
available through the Career-Services office. 


Students may qualify for this program on the 
basis of need by submitting an FAF or FFS, 
and may work on-campus seven to ten hours 
per week. 



A student who is a Florida resident enrolled 
full-time and who demonstrates need may 
qualify for this work program. Jobs are avail- 
able off campus and must be career related. 
Wages and hours may vary; the State of Florida 
will reimburse the student's employer for fifty 
percent of the wages. The Career Services 
office will assist with placement and with the 
completion of a special contract. 


Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College 
may be renewable on an annual basis. All 
Eckerd College grants and most aid from other 
sources require a minimum cumulative grade 
point average of 2.0 for renewal. A need analy- 
sis must be completed each year prior to 
March 1 for the following academic year. All 
students who are eligible to return for a sub- 
sequent year (except international students 
requiring 1-20 forms) are eligible for consider- 
ation for need-based financial aid. Awards 
from all sources may vary from year to year 
based upon criteria established by the college 
and other private or public agencies. Appeals 
for financial aid awards may be made in writing 
to the Financial Aid Appeals Committee. 


Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of 
donors, the balance of costs is paid from 
endowment income and gifts from individuals, 
the Presbyterian Churches, and various cor- 

The following schedules list the principal 
expenses and regulations concerning the pay- 
ment of fees for the academic year 1988-89. 
All fees and expenses listed below are those in 
effect at the time of publication of the catalog. 
They are subject to change by the action of the 
Board of Trustees. When such changes are 
made, notice will be given as far in advance as 


The annual fees for full-time students for the 
1988-89 academic year include two semesters 
and one short term (autumn term for Fresh- 
men, winter term for upperclass students). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $ 9,730i $ 9,730 

Room and Board 3.0302 


$12,760 $ 9.730 

'The full-time tuition fees cover a maximum of ten (10) 
course registrations plu.s one short term during the aca- 
demic year provided that no more than five courses are 
taken per semester. Students registering for more than 
five courses per semester or ten courses per year plus a 
short term course will be charged an additional tuition of 
$1,080 per course. A student registering for a year-long 
course may register for six courses in one semester and 
four in the other with no additional charges. 

'■^Students with home addresses outside the immediate 
vicinity of the college are requested to live on campus. 
Exceptions to the requirement may be made with the 
approval of the Director of Housing. Since resident students 
are required to participate in the board plan, all resident 
students will be charged for both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of approximately 
$ 1 1 5 per academic year is collected in addition 
to the above charges. Cost of books and supplies 
will be approximately $400. 


Tuition (full-time) per semester: $4,325 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: $1,080 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: $ 110 


Fall and 


short term 


Double occupancy, each 

$ 720 

$ 560 

Double room 

single occupancy 



Single room 



Base room rate (.$720 and $560) has been included 
in Comprehensive Charges. Charges above the base 
rate for single occupancy of double room or for 
single room will be added to Comprehensive 

Room Damage Deposit: $27.00 This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in excess 
of the deposit, the balance will be charged to the 
student's account. Any balance left of the deposit 
will be refunded to the student upon lea\dng col- 



21 meal plan: 
15 meal plan: 
10 meal plan: 

Fall and 

short term Spring 

$980 $770 

895 705 

790 625 


Tuition per course: $1,080 

Students are considered part-time when they 
enroll for fewer than three courses per 


Tuition per course: 


Fee for students enrolling in more than five 
courses per semester or ten courses per year 
plus a short term. 

hensive charges). This may be purchased 
without health insurance. 

Application Fee (new students): $15. 

This fee accompanies the application for 
admission submitted by new students. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $535. 

A fee for an examination to determine pro- 
ficiency in a particular subject to receive 
course credit. 

Health Insurance (optional): to be announced 

Full twelve months of health insurance is 
available to all students upon completion of 
forms. The full twelve months of accident 
insurance is mandatory for all students 
desiring health insurance and is included in 
this fee. 

Lost Key Fee: $40. 

Resident students are issued keys to their rooms. 
The fee for replacing a lost key is $40. 


Tuition per course $270 

(no credit or evaluation) 
Full-time students may audit courses without 
fee with the permission of the instructor. 


Late payment after registration day: 

Amount of 
Unpaid Fees If Paid Late Charge 

0-$100 Within 30 days after 

registration day 

0-$100 After 30 days from 

registration day $50 

$101-$1,000 After registration day $50 

Over $1,000 After registration day $100 

Late preregistration $30. 

Late physical examination (for new students who have not had 

physical examination by registration day): $50. 


Acceptance Fee (new students): $100. 

A fee required of new students upon accept- 
ance by Eckerd College. This fee is not 
refundable and will be applied against the 
comprehensive charge. 

Accident Insurance (optional): to be an- 

An extension of accident insurance to 12 
months (nine months is included in compre- 


Orientation Fee (Freshmen only): $40. 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of 
special orientation activities provided for 

Readmission Fee: $25. 

This fee is required for each student returning 
for the succeeding academic year in order to 
hold the student's place in the next entering 
class and to reserve a room for each resident 
student. The fee will be applied against the 
comprehensive charge. 

Re-Examination Fee: $135. 

A fee for a re-examination of course material. 
Transcript Fee: $2. 

After an initial free transcript there is a $2 
charge per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $10. 

Applied Music Fees: 

These fees apply even though music lessons 
are not taken for credit, and are fees in addition 
to regular tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $362 $724 

One half hour per week $168 $336 


Each full-time student is automatically covered 
by group accident insurance for the academic 
year (nine months) at no additional cost to the 
parents of the student. An extension of this 
accident insurance to cover the additional 
three-month period of the summer is available 
at a premium to be announced. An optional 
health-sickness policy is available, which would 
cover a twelve-month period. However, if the 
health-sickness policy is subscribed to for the 
period, it is compulsory to subscribe to the 
accident extension insurance for the additional 
summer three months at a fee to be announced 
for the combination. This is strongly recom- 
mended for all students and required for 
international students. The intent of this 
coverage is to supplement student's family 
policy coverage. Parents are advised to check 
any off-premise coverage for fire or theft that 
may be provided under their own policies. 


Occasionally international students, while 
studying at Eckerd College, will require medi- 
cal attention through local doctors, hospitals 
and clinics. To protect our international stu- 
dents from large medical bills while they are 
students at Eckerd, we require that all inter- 
national students subscribe to a Health and 
Accident Insurance Policy. The cost of this 
insurance policy is $95 per year.* The cost will 
be added to the college bill of the international 
student, and will be due and payable at the 
time of registration at Eckerd College. The 
coverage available through this policy protects 
the student for the full twelve months of the 
calendar year. The policy premium must be 
paid at registration for the first term at which 
the student arrives at Eckerd College, and 
then at registration for each subsequent fall 

*This amount is subject to change. 



Students should come prepared to pay all 
charges on the day of registration or should 
have payments from home mailed to reach the 
Eckerd College business office at least two 
weeks prior to the date of registration. No 
student shall be permitted to register for a 
given semester until all indebtedness for prior 
terms has been paid in full. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college 
are subject to dismissal from the college and, 
as long as such payments remain unpaid, may 
not receive transcripts of credit or any diploma. 
Eckerd College does not have a deferred 
payment plan. Students desiring monthly pay- 
ment plans must make arrangements through 
one of the following companies. 

American Management Services, Inc. 
1110 Central Avenue 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02861 

Education Funds, Inc. 
EFI — Fund Management Corporation 
Presidential Plaza, Suite 3200 
Chicago, Illinois 60601 

Insured Tuition Payment Plan 
Attention: R.L. Bounds, C.L.U. 
1100 Universal Marion Building 
21 West Church Street 
Jacksonville, Florida 32202 

The Tuition Plan, Inc. 
Concord, New Hampshire 03301 

All arrangements and contracts are made 
directly between the parent and the tuition 
financing company. 

Room charges for resident students are not 
refundable. Unused portion of meal tickets 
will be refunded on a pro-rata basis. 

Whenever a student is required to withdraw 
because of unsatisfactory conduct, no refund 
will be made. 

No refunds will be made to withdrawing stu- 
dents until the withdrawal process is com- 


If a student's withdrawal from Eckerd College 
results in cancelled charges of tuition, fees, or 
meals and if financial aid has been used to pay 
all or any portion of the charges, the federal 
financial aid programs from which the funds 
were awarded will be refunded first according 
to federal regulations. Also, if a student with- 
draws at any time during a semester, all Eckerd 
College grants/scholarship funds will be re- 
stored 100 percent to the college accounts. 
The above poHcies may result in a financial 
obligation. Also, each student on financial aid 

Each student who withdraws must contact 
the Eckerd College Student Loan office to 
finalize any institutional loan or financial 
obligation. Also, each student on financial sid 
who withdraws must contact the Financial Aid 
office for a Guaranteed Student Loan or a 
Supplemental Student Loan (SLS) exit inter- 


Students withdrawing within 25 days of the 
first class of any semester for reasons approved 
by the college will receive tuition refunds for 
that semester as follows: 

Within 7 days 75% 

Within 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days no refund 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days 
of the first class day of any short term (autumn 
term or winter term) will receive tuition refunds 
for that term as follows: 

Within 7 calendar days 50% 

Within 15 calendar days 25% 

After 15 davs no refund 




Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 

Jeffrey A. Howard 

Chair, Behavioral Science Collegium 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Anthony R. Brunello 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., University of California, Davis 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Oregon 
SaJvatore Capobianco 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 

Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Mark H. Davis 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., University of Iowa 

Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 
Ted Dowd 

Associate Professor of Management 

and Finance 

B.G.E., University of Nebraska 

M.S.B.A., D.B.A, 
The George Washington University 
Michael G. Flaherty 

Associate Professor of Sociology 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 

Ph.D., University of Illinois 
Diana L. Fuguitt 

Assistant Professor of Economics 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 
Peter K. Hammerschmidt 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
James R, Harley 

Professor of Physical Education 

Director of Athletics 

B.S., Georgia Teachers College 

M.A., George Peabody College 
John Patrick Henry 

Associate Professor of Sociology 

B.S., University of South Carolina 

M.A., Ph.D., University 
of Massachusetts 
James M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, 
New Mexico 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
John P. Mayotte 

Assistant Professor of Physical 

B.S., Castleton State College 

M.S., College of St. Rose 

M.A., University of South Florida 
Jacqueline Nicholson 

Assistant Professor of Marketing 

B.S., Wharton School, University of 

M.B.A., Drexel University 

Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 
B.S., Fordham University 
M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 
George S. Odiorne 
The Harold D. Holder 

Professor of Management and 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.B.A., Ph.D., New York University 
William Pyle 

Professor of Management 
Director of the Human Resource 

B.B.A., University of Notre Dame 
M.B.A.. Butler University 
Ph.D., The University of Michigan 
Edward I. Stevens 
Associate Professor of 

Management Information Systems 
B.A., Davidson College 
M. Div., Harvard Divinity School 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Hannah W. Stewart-Gambino 
Assistant Professor of Political 

B.A., Converse College 
M.A., Ph.D., Duke University 
Robert B. Tebbs 

Professor of Industrial and 

Organizational Behavior 
B.A., University of Colorado 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Wyoming 
William E. Winston 

Associate Professor of Sociology 
B.A., Central Washington University 
M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 


Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

Gilbert L. Johnston 

Chair, Comparative Cultures 

Professor of Asian Studies 

and Religion 
B.A., Cornell University 
M.Div., Princeton Theological 

Ph.D., Harvard University 
Joseph M. Bearson 
Associate Professor of Marketing and 

International Business 
B.A., Brandeis University 
M.B.A., Columbia University 
Frank M. Figueroa 
Professor of Spanish and Hispanic Area 

B.S., Seton Hall University 
M.A., Ed.D., Columbia University 

Teachers College 
Kenneth E. Keeton 

Professor of German Language and 

B.A., Georgetown College 
M.A., University of Kentucky 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

John W. Maclnnes 

Assistant Professor of French 

B.A., Ithaca College 

Ph.D., Cornell University 
Naveen K. Malhotra 

Assistant Professor of Management and 

M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Brinda J. Mehta 

Assistant Professor of French 

B.A., Elphonstone College, Bombay 

M.A., University of Bombay, India 

Ph.D., Brown University 
Vivian A. Parsons 

Assistant Professor of Russian 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.A.T., Harvard University 
William H. Parsons 

Professor of History 
and Russian Studies 

B.A., Grirmell College 

M.A., Harvard University 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Hendrick Serrie 

Professor of Anthropology and 
International Business 

B.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

Molly K. Ransbury 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 

Professor of Education 

B.S., M.S., State University of New 

Ed.D., Indiana University 
Albert Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative 
Literature and Humanities 

B.A., University of Chicago 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Nancy Corson Carter 

Associate Professor of Humanities 

B.A., Susqueharma University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
James G. Crane 

Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Albion College 

M.A.. State University of Iowa 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 
Sarah K. Dean 

Associate Professor of Human 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.Re., Southern Baptist Theological 

M.A., George Peabody College 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Joan Osborn Epstein 

Assistant Professor of Music 

B.A., Smith College 

M.M., Yale University School of Music 


J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Hamilton College 

M.A., University of Michigan 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Richard A. Rice 

Professor of Theatre 

B.A., University of Denver 

M.A., Columbia University 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Florida State University 

M. A., Presbyterian School of Christian 
Education, Richmond 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Assistant Professor of \'isual Arts 

B.A.. Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Marion Smith 

Assistant Professor of Music 

B. Mus., Xavier College 

M.A., Washington State University 

Ph.D., Washington University, St, Louis 
Mark W. Smith 

Professor of Human Resources 

Dean of Students 

B.A., M..A, Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Claire A. Stiles 

Assistant Professor of Human Resources 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State University 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
KathrjTi J. Watson 

Associate Professor of Education 

Director of Teacher Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
V. Sterling Watson 

Associate Professor of Literature and 
Creative Writing 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Florida 
Andra H. Weddington 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 

B.A., The University of Kansas 

M.A„ The University of North Carolina 

M.F.A., The University of California, 
J. Thomas West 

Professor of Psychology and 
Human Resources 

B.S., Davidson College 

M.A., University of North Carolina 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Robert W. Zuber, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Education 

B.A. Oklahoma City University 

M.Div., Yale University Divinity 

Ed.D., Columbia University Teachers 

Faculty of the Collegium of 

Carolyn Johnston 

Chair. Letters Collegium 
Professor of American Studies 
B.A.. Samford L'niversity 
M.A., Ph.D., University of California 

Jewel Spears Brooker 
Professor of Literature 
B.S., Stetson University 
M.A., Ph.D.. University of Florida 

David J. Bryant 
Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 
B.A., Harding College 
M.A., .'\bilene Christian College 
M.Div., Ph.D., Princeton Theological 

J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor of Humanities and Religion 
B.A., University of Tulsa 
M.Div., McCormick Theological 

M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 

Julienne H. Empric 
Professor of Literature 
B.A. Nazareth College of Rochester 
M.A., York University 
Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 

Bruce V. Foltz 
Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., Sonoma State University 
M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 

Judith M. Green 
Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., B.A., Michigan State University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Minnesota 

Olivia H. Mclntyre 
Assistant Professor of History 
B.A., Louisiana State University 
M.A., Ph.D., Stanford University 

William F. McKee 
Professor of History 
B.A., College of Wooster 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

George P. E. Meese 
Director. Writing Excellence Program 
Associate Professor of Rhetoric 
B.A., Wittenberg University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 

Peter A. Pav 

Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Knox College 

M.A.. Ph.D., Indiana University 

Robert C. Wigton 
Assistant Professor of Political Science 
B.A., State University of New York, 

M.A., J.D., Ph.D., State University of 
New York, Buffalo 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 

John E. Reynolds, III 

Chair. Natural Sciences Collegium 

Associate Professor of Biology 

B.A., Western Maryland College 

M.S., Ph.D., Universitv of Miami 
Wilbur F. Block 

Professor of Phvsics 

B.S.. M.S., Ph.D., 
Universitv of Florida 
Harry W. Ellis 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 

Professor of Physics 

B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
John C. Ferguson 

Professor of Biology 

B.A., Duke University 

M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 
Mark B. Fishman 

Assistant Professor of Computer Science 

B.A., Temple University 

M.A., University of Texas 
Edmund L. Gallizzi 

.4.s.socia(e Professor of Computer Science 

B.Sc, University of Florida 

M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Southwestern Louisiana 
David D. Grove 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., California State University, 
San Diego 

Ph.D., University of California, 
Los Angeles 
Sheila D. Hanes 

Associate Professor of Biology 

B.A., Baylor University 

M.S., University of Illinois 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Reggie L. Hudson 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.A.. Pfeiffer College 

Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
C. David Jennings 

Professor of Physical Oceanography 

B.A., Northwest Nazarene College 

M.S., Ph.D., Duke University 
Gerald J. G. Junevicus 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B. Sc. Worcester Polytechnic Institute 

M.Sc, Ph.D., University of Victoria, 
George W. Lofquist 

Professor of Mathematics and 
Computer Science 

B.S., University of North Carolina 

M.S., Ph.D., Louisiana State University 
Billy H. Maddox 

Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Troy State College 

M.Ed., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 
Robert C. Meacham 

Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Southwestern at Memphis 

Sc.M., Ph.D., Brown University 


Richard W. Neithamer 

Professor of Chemistry 

B.A.. Allegheny College 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 

B.S., Blackburn College 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
William O. Sayre 

Assistant Professor of Marine Geology 

B.S., Western Washington University 

Ph.D., University of Southhampton, 
Alan L. Soli 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Joel C. Trexler 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.Sc, University of South Carolina 

M.Sc, Ph.D., Florida State University 
Walter O. Walker 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Foundations Collegium 

Harry W. Ellis 

Foundations Collegium Chair 
Natural Sciences Collegium 
George P. E. Meese 
Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Letters Collegium 

Library Faculty 

Larry Hardesty 

Director, Library Services 
Associate Professor 
B.A., M.S., Kearney State College 
M.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.S., Ph.D., Indiana University 
Jamie A. Hastreiter 
Systems Planning and Serials Librarian 
Assistant Professor 
B.A., The State University of 

New York, Geneseo 
M.L.S., Kent State University 
David W. Henderson 
Instructional Services and Collection 

Development Librarian 
Associate Professor 
B.A.. University of Connecticut 
M.S., Ohio University 
M.S.L.S.. Florida State University 


James R. Harley 

Director of Athletics 

Professor of Physical Education 

Cecilia D. Bloodworth 

Coordinator, Women's Athletics 
B.A., LaGrange College 
M.Ed.. West Georgia College 
John P. Mayotte 

Head Baseball Coach 
Assistant Professor 
of Physical Education 


Clark L. Allen 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 
Ph.D., Duke University 
Clark H. Bouwman 
Professor Emeritus of Sociology 
Ph.D., New School for Social 
Richard R. Bredenberg 
Professor Emeritus of Education 
Ph.D., New York University 
Burr C. Brundage 
Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Alan W. Carlsten 

Professor Emeritus of Religious Studies 

and Speech Communications 
M.Div., McCormick Theological 
Tennyson P. Chang 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 
Ph.D., Georgetown University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 
Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 
Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Irving G. Foster 
Professor Emeritus of Physics 
Ph.D., University of Virginia 
Henry E. Genz 
Professor Emeritus of French Language 

and Literature 
Ph.D., Case Western Reserve University 
Rejane P. Genz 
Professor Emerita of French Language 

and Literature 
P.D., Laval University 
Keith W. Irwin 
Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 
M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 
E. Ashby Johnson 
Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

and Religion 
Th.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 
William H. Kadel 

President Emeritus . 

Th.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 
Anne A. Murphy 
Professor Emerita of Political Science 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Felix Rackow 
Professor Emeritus of Political Science 
Ph.D., Cornell University 
George K. Reid 
Professor Emeritus of Biology 
Ph.D., University of Florida 

Dudley E. South 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Pedro N. Trakas 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

LittD., Wofford College 
Ruth R. Trigg 

Registrar Emerita 

B.A., University of Kentucky 
William E. Waters 

Professor Emeritus of Music 

M. A., College of William and Mary 
William C. Wilbur 

FYofessor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., Columbia University 


Awarded each year at Commencemei 

1980 - William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 

1981 - Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 

1982 - J. Thomas West 

F^ofessor of Psychology and 
Human Resources ; 

1983 A. Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative Literat 
and Humanities 

1984 - Peter K. Hammerschmidt 

Professor of Economics 

1985 - Molly K. Ransbury 

Professor of Education 

1986 - John E. Reynolds, III 

Associate Professor of Biology 

1987 - James G. Crane 

Fh-ofessor of Visual Arts 

1988 - Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 




Peter H. Armacost 


B.A., Denison University 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
David B. Cozad 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M.Div., Union Tehological 

Seminary, Virginia 
M.S. P., Florida State University 
Joan B. Fry 

Executive Assistant to the President 
B.A., M.A., University of California 

Bruce L. Robertson 

Vice President, Church Relations 

B.A., University of Florida 

M.Div., Union Theological Seminary, 

New York 


Uoyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 

B.A., Davidson College 

M.Div., Ph.D. Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 
Harry W. Ellis 

Associate Dean of Faculty 
for General Education 

Professor of Physics 
Sheila M. Johnston 

Director. International Education 
and Off-Campus Programs 

M.A., Pennsylvania State University 
K. Russell Kennedy 


B.S., Northeastern University 

M.Ed., Suffolk University 
Sharon Setterlind 

Director of the Computer Center 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Sharon M. Stacy 

Coordinator of Educational Assessment 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.B.A., University of South Florida 


James E. Deegan 

Dean of Special Programs 

B.S., State University 
of New York, Buffalo 

M.S., Ed.D., Indiana 
Gerald Dreller 

Associate Dean of Special Programs 

Director, Program for Experienced 

Assistant FYofessor of Modern 

B.A., Trinity College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Illinois 
Dana Cozad 

Director, Life, Learning and Vocation 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S.W., Florida State University 
Cheryl C. Gold 

Coordinator. Summer Programs 

B. A., City College of New York 
Linda Blalock Johnston 

Director of Marketing 

B.A., University of Pennsylvania 

M.A., Emerson College 
William Pyle 

Director of the Human Resource 

Professor of Management 


Joan B. Fry 

Director of College Relations 
B.A., M.A., University of California 
Patricia I. Baldwin 

Director of Media Relations 
Kathryn P. Rawson 

Assistant to Director of College Relations 
B.A., Eckerd College 
Dennis Sercombe 

Director of Publications 
B.S., M.A., University of Florida 
Ed.S., University of Virginia 

Director. Alumni Relations and 
The Annual Fund 


Thomas R.Giddens 

Vice President for Development 

B.A., Beloit College 

M.A., Indiana University 

Ph.D., Beloit College 
Samuel A. Banks 

Director of Foundation Relations 

B.A., Duke University 

M.Div., Emory University 

Ph.D., University of Chicago 

D.Litt, College of Charleston 
Margaret Brommelsiek 

Assistant Director of Research 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S., Florida State University 
Holly Hecht Duncan 

Director of Major Gifts 

B.A., Ohio University 

M.A., Miami University 
Carol Hardesty 

Director of Records and Development 
Computer Support Services 

B.A., Kearney State College 

M.A.T., DePauw University 
Marcia Read 

Director of Research 
Gary W. Smith 

Director of Corporate Relations 

B.S., Fairmont State College 


Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A.. Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, 
Oxford University, England 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Kathy Sue Dunmire 

Associate Dean of Admissions 
and Coordinator of New Student 
Financial Aid 

B.A., Maryville College 
Eric W. Boelkins 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Wake Forest University 

M.Div., Vanderbilt University 
Louise Hale 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Rollins College 
Barbara Ward 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Rollins College 
Margaret W. Morris 

Director of Financial Aid 

B.S., University of Arkansas 

M.A., Wake Forest University 
Robin Famiglietti 

Assistant Director of Financial Aid 

B.A., Wesleyan University 



Harold M. May, CPA 

Vice President for Finance 
Alan W. Bunch, B.A. 

Joanne DiBlasio 

Director of Personnel 
J.T. Tom Meiners 

Director, Physical Plant and Services 


Mark W. Smith 

Dean of Students 

Professor of Human Resources 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Lillie M. Collins 

Director of Minority and International 
Student Affairs 

B.A., University of South Florida 
William C. Covert 

Director. Waterfront Activities 

ARC Instructor 
Barbara J. Ely. R.N. 

Director of Nursing Services 
Susan Hopp 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director of Housing 

M.A., Indiana University 
R. Barry McDowell 

Director of Campus Activities 

M.S., Indiana University 

M.S., Florida International 
Lena Wilfalk 

Director of Career Services 

M.A., University of South Florida 

Director of the Counseling Center 


Arthur L. Peterson 


Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Yale University 

M.S.P.A., University of Southern 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 



Martha Rudy Wallace 

Gus A. Stavros 

Vice Chairman 
Peter H. Armacost 

John W. Galbraith 

Harold M. May 

Joan B. Fry 

Assistant Secretary 


Dr. Sherwood A. Anderson 

Winter Park Presbyterian Church 

Winter Park. Florida 
Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

President. Eckerd College 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Alexander W. Astin 

Higher Education Research Institute 

Los Angeles. California 
Mr. Leonard S. Bethards 

Miami-Dade Community College 

Miami. Florida 
Mr. William Blackburn 

Transmark USA Inc. 

Tampa. Florida 
Mr. James A. Christison 

Christison Communities, Inc. 

Clearwater. Florida 
Mr. Ronald Coffin 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Miles Collier 

Chairman and CEO 
Collier Enterprises 

Naples, Florida 
The Rev. Thomas J. Gumming 

Plantation United Presbyterian 

Plantation, Florida 
Mr. Robert C. Decker 

Robbins, Gaynor& Bronstein, PA. 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. David Eachus 

Paine Webber 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Dr. Willard F. Enteman 

Rhode Island College 

Providence. Rhode Island 
Mr. David J. Fischer 

SunTru-st Securities. Inc. 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. John W. Galbraith 

The Templeton Fund 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Royce Haiman 

St. Petersburg. Florida 

Mr. Kendrick Hardcastle, III 

Hardcastle Industries 
Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 
Maximo Presbyterian Church 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Lee Henderson 
Associate Consultants in Education 
Tallahassee. Florida 
The Rev. Dr. C. Thomas Hilton 
First Presbyterian Church 
Pompano Beach. Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder 

Holder Communications Corporation 
Tampa. Florida 
Mr. William R. Hough 
William R. Hough and Co. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. J. Webster Hull 

Chase Bank of Florida, N.A. 
St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. Fred C. Jackson 
American General Life Insurance Co. 
Jacksonville. Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. James 
R. J. Financial Corporation 
St. Petersburg. Florida 
Dr. Althea H. Jenkins 
New College of the 

University of South Florida 
Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. Richard Jordan 

Barnett Banks of Pinellas County 
St. Petersburg. Florida 
Dr. William H. Kadel 
President Emeritus 
Eckerd College 
Lake City, Florida 
Mrs. Jackie Kent 

First Presbyterian Church 
Pensacola. Florida 
Dr. Warren Br>'an Martin 
The Carnegie Foundation for the 

Advancement of Teaching 
Princeton. New Jersey 
Mr. J. J. Parrish, Jr. 
Jesse J. Parrish. Inc. 
Titusville. Florida 
Mr. E. Leslie Peter 

Brandon. Florida 
Dr. Jane Arbuckle Petro 

Westchester County Medical Center 
Valhalla. New York 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III 
Orlando. Florida 
The Rev. Y. Jacqueline Rhoades 
The South Florida Center for 

Theological Studies 
Coral Gables. Florida 
Dr. Felix C. Robb 

.Atlanta. Georgia 
Mr. Maurice Rothman 
Kane Furniture Co. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 


Mr. Johnson Savary 


Sarasota. Florida 
Mr. Wyline Sayler 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Richard Schmidt 

Milton Roy Company 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mrs. G. Ballard Simmons 

Jacksonville. Florida 
Mr. Harry K. Singletary, Jr. 

Tallahassee. Florida 
Mr. Les R. Smout 

Jack Eckerd Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. William Starkey 


Tampa. Florida 
Mr. Gus A. Stavros 

Better Business Forms, Inc. 

Pinellas Park. Florida 
Mr. James T. Swann, III 

Cocoa. Florida 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Jack Eckerd Corporation 

Clearwater. Florida 
Dr. Edward Uprichard 

University of South Florida 

Tampa. Florida 
Mi-s. John P. Wallace 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

The Whitcomb Group, Inc. 

Naples, Florida 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

Wittner Securities, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. W.H. Zemp 

Sl Petersburg, Florida 


The Rev. Dr. Harvard A. Anderson 

Longwood, Florida 
Mr. W.D. Bach 

Pensacola, Florida 
The Rev. Clem E. Bininger 

Fort Lauderdale. Florida 
Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greenville, South Carolina 
Mr. Charles Creighton 

Fort Lauderdale. Florida 
The Rev. Dr. John B. Dickson 

Clearwater, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Paul M. Edris 

Daytona Beach. Florida 
Mrs. Mildred Ferris 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mrs. Charles G. Gambrell 

New York, New York 
Mr. Willard A. Gortner 

Clearwater, Florida 
Senator Ben Hill Griffin, Jr. 

Frostproof, Florida 
Mrs. Lorena C. Hannahs 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Stephen R. Kirby 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Philip J. Lee 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. E. Colin Lindsey 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Alfred A. McKethan 

Brooksville, Florida 
Mr. Elwyn L. Middleton 

West Palm Beach, Florida 
Mr. William F. O'Neill 

Longboat Key, Florida 
Mr. Douglas K. Porteus 

Juno Beach, Florida 
Mrs. Woodbury Ransom 

Charlevoix, Michigan 
Dr. Joseph H. Reason 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz 

Gainesville. Florida 
Mr. Robert T. Sheen 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. John W. Sterchi 

Orlando. Florida 
Mr. William W. Upham 

St. Petersburg Beach. Florida 
Mr. David L. Wilt 

Alexandria. Virgina 


Dr. Michael M. Bennett 

St. Petersburg. Florida 
Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Vero Beach. Florida 
Mr. Frank Byars 

Indian Shores. Florida 
Mr. J. Leo Chapman 

West Palm Beach. Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Robert P. Douglass 

Orlando, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Jack G. Hand 

Jacksonville Beach. Florida 
Mr. Benjamin G. Parks 

Naples, Florida 

It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, religion, 
creed, race or color, or national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or 
emplo.vTnent policies as required by Title IX of the 1972 education amendment and other federal 
and state legislation. Inquiries regarding compliance with Title IX and other non-discriminatory 
codes may be directed to Dr. Richard Hallin, Dean of Admissions, Eckerd College, St Petersburg, 
Florida 33733 813/867-1166. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 


INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Academic Calendar 5 

Academic Credit 20 

Academic Exemption Petitions 16 

Academic Minor 25 

Academic Policies 16 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 22 

Academy of Senior Professionals 15 

Accounting 25 

Accreditation 1 

Administration 117 

Admission 98 

Early Admission 99 

Equivalency Certificates 99 

Freshman 98 

International Students 100 

Procedures after Acceptance 99 

Transfer Students 98 

Adult Education 14 

Advanced Placement 100 

Aesthetic Perspective Courses 25 

Afro- American Society 97 

American Studies 27 

Anthropology 27 

Area of Concentration/Major 19 

ArmyROTC 12 

Art 29 

Athletics 97 

Auditing Classes 23 

Autumn Term 5,92 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 8 

Biology 31 

Board of Trustees 118 

Business Administration 33 

Calendar, Academic 5 

Calendar of Events, 1988-89 122 

Calendar of Events, 1989-90 123 

Campus Life 93 

Career-Service Program 14 

CLAST 107 

Chemistry 34 

Co-Curricular Program 9 

Co-Curricular Record 9 

College Entrance Examinations 98 

College Level Examination Program (CLE?) ... 100 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 3 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparative Literature 35 

Composition 35 

Comprehensive Examinations 17 

Computation Competency Requirement 16 

Computer Science 36 

Costs 109 

Counseling Services 96 

Course and Major Descriptions 25 

Course Requirements 20 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 25 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 8 

Creative Writing 37 

Credit, Academic 20 

Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 39 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 95 

Dance 89 

Day Students 97 

Dean's List 23 

Deferred Admissions 99 

Degree Requirements, B.A 16 

Degree Requirements, B.S 17 

Demonstrated Proficiency 20 

Directed Study 20 

Directed Study Courses 40 

Dismissal, Academic 22 

Early Admission 99 

Earth Sciences 46 

East Asian Area Studies 41 

Economics 41 

Education 42 

Elementary Education 43 

Employment on Campus 108 

Engineering Dual Degree Program 12 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 95 

Environmental Perspective Courses 44 

Environmental Studies 46 

Examination, Comprehensive 17 

Expenses 109 

Experienced Learners, Program for 14 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 22 

Faculty and Administration 114 

Fees 110 

Finance and Investments 46 

Financial Aid 101 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 102 

Employment 108 

Grants 106 

Loans 107 

Renewals 109 

Scholarships 102 

Social Security Benefits 106 

Veteran's Benefits 107 

Withdrawal Refund 112 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement ... 16 

Foundations Collegium 7 

French 46 

General Education 6 

Geography 47 

German 48 

Grade Reports 21 

Grading System 21 

Graduation Requirements 16 

Grants 106 

Health Form 97 

Health Services 96 

History 49 

Honors at Graduation 23 

Honors Program 17 

Honor Societies 18 


INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Humanities 52 

Human Resources 52 

Human Resource Institute 11 

Incomplete Grades 21 

Independent Study 20 

International Business 54 

International Education 12 

International Education Courses 55 

International Students 13 

International Student Admission 100 

International Studies 57 

Insurance Ill 

Interview, Admission 99 

Italy Offerings 56 

Japanese 57 

Judaeo - Christian Perspective Course 57 

Leisure Services 52 

Letters, Collegium of 8 

Library 10 

Linguistics 57 

Literature 58 

Loans 107 

London Offerings 55 

Major/ Area of Concentration Requirements .... 19 

Major and Course Descriptions 25 

Management 63 

Marine Science 66 

Marketing 67 

Mathematics 68 

Medical Technology 69 

Mentors 5 

Military Science 70 

Minor, Academic 25 

Minority Students 97 

Modern Language 70 

Music 70 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off- Campus Programs 13 

Organizations and Clubs 95 

Payment Methods 112 

Personnel and Human Resources Management ... 72 

Perspective Courses 16 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 16 

Philosophy 72 

Philosophy/Religion 74 

Physical Education 74 

Physics 75 

Policies, Academic 16 

Political Science 76 

Pre-Professional Programs 10 

Probation, Academic 22 

Program for Experienced Learners 14 

Portuguese 78 

Psychology 78 

Readmission of Students 101 

Refunds 112 

Registration 23 

Religious Life 95 

Religion/Philosophy 74 

Religious Studies/Religious Education 80 

Requirements for Degree 

Autumn Term 16 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 17 

Computation Competency 16 

Foreign Language Competency 16 

Major/ Area of Concentration 16 

Perspective Courses 16 

Residency 16 

Senior Seminars 16 

Transfer Students 17 

Western Heritage 16 

Winter Term 16 

Writing Competency 16 

Residency Requirement 16 

Resident Adviser Internship 82 

Room and Board 109 

ROTC. Army 12 

Russian Studies 82 

St. Petersburg, the City 94 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 22 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Financial Aid 102 

Scholarships 102 

Sea Semester 13,83 

Secondary Education 43 

Semester Abroad 12 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 17 

Senior Seminars 83 

Social Relations Perspective Courses 84 

Social Security Benefits 106 

Sociology 85 

Spanish 87 

Special Academic Programs 10 

Statistics 88 

Student Activities 95 

Student Government 94 

Student Life 93 

Student Publications 95 

Summer Term 14 

Teacher Education 1 1 

Theatre 88 

Theses, Senior 17 

Transfer Admission 98 

Transfer of Credit 99 

Transfer Student Requirements 17 

Tuition and Fees 109 

Veteran's Benefits 107 

Veteran's Benefits, Winter Term 6 

Visual Arts 29 

Waterfront Program 96 

Western Heritage 16,90 

Winter Term 6,92 

Winter Term Abroad 12 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 112 

Withdrawal from College 23 

Withdrawal Grades 21 

Writing Center 12 

Writing Competency Requirement 16 

Writing Workshop 3'^ 

Year Abroad 13 




Fri., Aug. 12 
Sat, Aug. 13 
Mon., Aug. 29 

Thurs., Sept. 1 
Fri., Sept. 2 
Sat, Sept 3 


Sun., Sept. 4 
Tues., Sept 6 

Wed., Sept 7 
Wed., Sept 7 
Thurs., Sept 15 
Fri., Oct 14 

Fri., Oct. 28 

Mon.-Wed., Nov. 7-9 

Thurs.-Fri.. Nov. 24-25 
Fri., Dec. 9 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 12-16 
Sat, Dec. 17 


Tues., Jan. 3 

Wed., Jan. 4 
Thurs., Jan. 5 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 26-27 
Fri., Jan. 27 


Mon., Jan. 30 

Tues., Jan. 31 
Thurs., Feb. 9 
Sat, Mar. 18 
Tues., Mar. 28 
Wed., Mar. 29 
Fri., Mar. 31 

Thurs., April 6 
Tues.-Wed., April 11-12 

Thurs.-Fri., April 13-14 
Fri., May 12 
Mon.-Fri., May 15-19 
Sat., May 20 
Sun., May 21 
Mon., May 22 


June 5-July 28 
June 5-June 30 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned 

to Registrar 
Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 
Orientation for new students 
End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 
Registration and financial clearance for fall semester, returning and new 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 
End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 
All students fill our preference sheets for winter term and return them to 

the Registrar 
Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 
Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. Financial clearance for all new 
students. New student registation/orientation for winter term. Returning 
students are not registered until they check in with Registrar 

Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change 

project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance \ 

and registration for spring semester, all students 
Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 
Spring recess begins. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. 
Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 
Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 
Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
Mentor conferences and contracts for 1989-90 
All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1989 and 

return them to the Registrar 
Second comprehensive examination period 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Baccalaureate ■ 

Residence houses close at noon 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 




Fri., Aug. 11 
Sat, Aug. 12 
Mon., Aug. 28 

Thurs., Aug. 31 
Fri., Sept. 1 
Sat., Sept. 2 


Sun., Sept. 3 
Tues., Sept. 5 

Wed., Sept. 6 
Wed., Sept. 6 
Thurs., Sept. 14 
Fri., Oct. 13 

Fri., Oct. 27 

Mon.-Wed., Nov. 6-8 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 23-24 
Fri., Dec. 8 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 11-15 
Sat., Dec. 16 


Tues., Jan. 2 

Wed., Jan. 3 
Thurs., Jan. 4 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 25-26 
Fri., Jan. 26 


Mon., Jan. 29 

Tues., Jan. 30 
Thurs., Feb. 8 
Sat, Mar. 17 
Mon., Mar. 26 
Tues., Mar. 27 
Fri., Mar. 30 

Thurs., April 5 
Tues.-Wed., April 10-11 

Fri., April 13 
Thurs.-Fri., April 20-21 
Fri., May 11 
Mon.-Fri., May 14-18 
Sat, May 19 
Sun., May 20 
Mon., May 21 


June 4-July 27 
June 4-June 29 
July 2 -July 27 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:()() p.m. 

Autumn term begins 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned 

to Registrar 
Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 
Orientation for new students 
End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 
Registration and financial clearance for fall semester, returning and new 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 
End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 
All students fill our preference sheets for winter term and return them to 

the Registrar 
Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 
Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. Financial clearance for all new 
students. New student registation/orientation for winter term. Returning 
students are not registered until they check in with Registrar 

Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change 

project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance 

and registration for spring semester, all students 
Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 
Spring recess begins. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. 
Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 
Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 
Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
Mentor conferences and contracts for 1990-91 
All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1990 and 

return them to the Registrar 
Good Friday, no classes 
Second comprehensive examination period 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Residence houses close at noon 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 



Coretta Scott King 

David Brinkley 

Gerald Ford 

Ed Bradley 




Only from a campus visit can you judge if the school 
and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, 
visit with our professors and students, and take 
time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. 
Check the academic calendar before planning 
your visit. We ask only one thing of you: give 
us some advance notice of your arrival — a few 
days is fine. Call us or drop us a line — the 
Admissions staff will be happy to work 
with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 a.m. 
to 5:00 p.m. on weekdays; from 9:00 a.m. 
to noon on Saturday; summer hours are 
weekdays 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

For best results, please direct all 
correspondence prior to your acceptance 
to the Dean of Admissions. 



For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs Dean of Faculty 

Adult Programs Dean of Special Programs 

Admissions Dean of Admissions 

Alumni Relations Director of Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs Vice President for Finance 

Church Relations Vice President for Church Relations 

Events at the College Director of College Relations 

Financial Aid to Students Director of Financial Aid 

Financial Assistance to the College Vice President for Development 

Payment of Fees Student Accounts 

Student Housing Director of Housing 

Student Interests and Counseling Dean of Students 

Sumjner School Coordinator, Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement Registrar 

Visitors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices are open Monday 
through Friday from 8:30 to 5:00. Visitors desiring interviews with members of the 
staff are urged to make appointments in advance. 


4200-54th Avenue South, P.O. Box 12560, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733 
Telephone (813) 867-1166 or (800) 451-3212 (Admissions)